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Author Smith, Matthew J., Ph. D.

Title Red & black in Haiti : radicalism, conflict, and political change, 1934-1957 / Matthew J. Smith
Published Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, [2009]
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Description 1 online resource (xi, 278 pages) : illustrations, map
Contents Introduction -- The postoccupation dilemma: ideology and contention in the Vincent years, 1934-1941 -- Brown power, black protest: the Lescot regime and the culture of resistance, 1941-1945 -- The Haitian revolution of 1946 -- Now both sides of the hand have a chance: noirisme and opposition under Estime, 1946-1950 -- Blacks without color: military rule and radicalism in transition, 1950-1957 -- Conclusion
Summary "In 1934 the republic of Haiti celebrated its 130th anniversary as an independent nation. In that year, too, another sort of Haitian independence occurred, as the United States ended nearly two decades of occupation. In the first comprehensive political history of postoccupation Haiti, Matthew Smith argues that the period from 1934 until the rise of dictator François Papa Doc Duvalier to the presidency in 1957 constituted modern Haiti's greatest moment of political promise. Smith emphasizes the key role that radical groups, particularly Marxists and black nationalists, played in shaping contemporary Haitian history. These movements transformed Haiti's political culture, widened political discourse, and presented several ideological alternatives for the nation's future. They were doomed, however, by a combination of intense internal rivalries, pressures from both state authorities and the traditional elite class, and the harsh climate of U.S. anticommunism. Ultimately, the political activism of the era failed to set Haiti firmly on the path to a strong independent future."--Book cover
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 243-260) and index
Notes Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002. MiAaHDL
digitized 2010 HathiTrust Digital Library committed to preserve pda MiAaHDL
Print version record
Subject Black nationalism -- Haiti -- History -- 20th century.
Communism -- Haiti -- History -- 20th century.
Radicalism -- Haiti -- History -- 20th century.
Haiti -- Politics and government -- 1934-1971.
Genre/Form History.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 080789415X (electronic bk.)
1469605848 (electronic bk.)
9780807894156 (electronic bk.)
9781469605845 (electronic bk.)
Other Titles Red and black in Haiti