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Author Dunnivant, Frank M., author

Title Pollutant fate and transport in environmental multimedia / Frank M. Dunnivant, Elliot Anders
Published Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2019
Online access available from:
ProQuest Ebook Central    View Resource Record  


Description 1 online resource (xxxiii, 371 pages)
Contents Cover; Title Page; Copyright; Contents; Preface; Acknowledgments; Acronyms; Glossary; About the Companion Website; To the Instructor; To the Student; To the Environmental Professional; How to Use the Book with Fate and Associated Software; Instructor/Student Resources; Part I Introduction; Chapter 1 Sources and Types of Pollutants, Why We Need Modeling, and the Need to Study Historical Pollution Events; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Need for Modeling of Pollutants in Environmental Media; 1.3 Pollution versus Contamination; Pollutant versus Contaminant; 1.4 Pollution Classifications
1.5 Sources of Pollution1.6 Historic Examples of Where Fate and Transport Modeling Are Useful; 1.6.1 Preenvironmental Movement and Legislation; 1.6.2 Legacy Waste Sites; 1.6.3 Postenvironmental Movement Era Accidents; 1.7 Environmental Laws; Concepts; Exercises; Bibliography; Part II Chemistry of Fate and Transport Modeling; Chapter 2 Basic Chemical Processes in Pollutant Fate and Transport Modeling; 2.1 The Liquid Medium: Water and the Water Cycle; 2.2 Unique Properties of Water; 2.3 Concentration Units; 2.4 Chemical Aspects of Environmental Systems; 2.4.1 pH; 2.4.2 Activity
2.4.3 Solubility2.4.4 Henry's Law Constant; 2.5 Reactions and Equilibrium; 2.5.1 Acid-Base Chemistry; 2.5.2 Oxidation-Reduction Chemistry; 2.6 Complexation; 2.7 Equilibrium Sorption Phenomena; 2.7.1 Sorption Surfaces; 2.7.2 Organic Matter; 2.7.3 Sorbates; 2.7.4 Distribution and Partition Coefficients, Kd and Kp; 2.7.5 Ion Exchange Phenomena for Ionic Pollutants; 2.8 Transformation/Degradation Reactions; 2.8.1 Abiotic Chemical Transformations/Degradations; 2.8.2 Photochemical Transformation/Degradation Reactions; 2.8.3 Nuclear Reactions; 2.8.4 Biological Reactions
2.9 Fugacity Concepts and Modeling2.10 Summary; Concepts; Exercises; References; Chapter 3 Quantitative Aspects of Chemistry Toward Modeling; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Calculation of the Free Metal Ion Concentration in Natural Waters; 3.2.1 Calculating Chemical Equilibria; 3.2.2 Equilibrium Applied to More Complex Speciation Problems; 3.3 Methods for Determining Kd and Kp; 3.4 Kinetics of the Sorption Process; 3.5 Sorption Isotherms; 3.6 Kinetics of Transformation Reactions; 3.7 Numerical Chemical Speciation Models; 3.8 Putting It All Together: Where Chemistry Enters Into the Modeling Effort
3.9 Basic Approach to Fate and Transport ModelingExercises; Bibliography; Part III Modeling; Chapter 4 An Overview of Pollutant Fate and Transport Modeling; 4.1 Modeling Approaches; 4.1.1 Algebraic Solutions; 4.1.2 Modeling Using Differential Equations; 4.1.3 General Approach for the Models Used in This Text; 4.1.4 Numerical Methods of Analysis; 4.2 Quality of Modeling Results; 4.3 What Do You Do with Your Modeling Results?; Bibliography; Chapter 5 Fate and Transport Concepts for Lake Systems; Case Study 1: Lake Onondaga; Case Study 2: Lake Erie, A More Positive Example; Chapter Overview
Summary Bridges the gaps between regulatory, engineering, and science disciplines in order to comprehensively cover pollutant fate and transport in environmental multimedia This book presents and integrates all aspects of fate and transport: chemistry, modeling, various forms of assessment, and the environmental legal framework. It approaches each of these topics initially from a conceptual perspective before explaining the concepts in terms of the math necessary to model the problem so that students of all levels can learn and eventually contribute to the advancement of water quality science. The first third of Pollutant Fate and Transport in Environmental Multimedia is dedicated to the relevant aspects of chemistry behind the fate and transport processes. It provides relatively simple examples and problems to teach these principles. The second third of the book is based on the conceptual derivation and the use of common models to evaluate the importance of model parameters and sensitivity analysis; complex equation derivations are given in appendices. Computer exercises and available simulators teach and enforce the concepts and logic behind fate and transport modeling. The last third of the book is focused on various aspects of assessment (toxicology, risk, benefit-cost, and life cycle) and environmental legislation in the US, Europe, and China. The book closes with a set of laboratory exercises that illustrate chemical and fate and transport concepts covered in the text, with example results for most experiments. Features more introductory material on past environmental disasters and the continued need to study environmental chemistry and engineering Covers chemical toxicology with various forms of assessment, United States, European, and Chinese regulations, and advanced fate and transport modeling and regulatory implications Provides a conceptual and relatively simple mathematical approach to fate and transport modeling, yet complex derivations of most equations are given in appendices Integrates the use of numerous software packages (pC-pH, EnviroLab Simulators, Water, Wastewater, and Global Issues), and Fate©2016 Contains numerous easy-to-understand examples and problems along with answers for most end-of-the-chapter problems, and simulators for answers to fate and transport questions Includes numerous companion laboratory experiments with EnviroLab Requiring just a basic knowledge of algebra and first-year college chemistry to starte, Pollutant Fate and Transport in Environmental Multimedia is an excellent textbook for upper-level undergraduate and graduate faculty and students studying environmental engineering and science
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Description based on online resource; title from digital title page (viewed on April 26, 2019)
Subject Cross-media pollution
Environmental chemistry
Environmental degradation
Environmental protection
Form Electronic book
Author Anders, Elliot, author
LC no. 2019012071
ISBN 1119414636 electronic book
1119414652 electronic book
9781119414636 electronic book
9781119414650 electronic book