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Cytochrome -- See Cytochromes


Hemeproteins whose characteristic mode of action involves transfer of reducing equivalents which are associated with a reversible change in oxidation state of the prosthetic group. Formally, this redox change involves a single-electron, reversible equilibrium between the Fe(II) and Fe(III) states of the central iron atom (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p539). The various cytochrome subclasses are organized by the type of HEME and by the wavelength range of their reduced alpha-absorption bands
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Cytochrome b. : Type-B Cytochromes : Sensors and Switches / Jonathan L. Kiel  2018 1
Cytochrome-B(5) Reductase. : Cytochrome b5 reductase deficiency and hereditary methemoglobinemia / Josef T. Prchal  2007 1
Cytochrome-B(5) Reductase -- deficiency.   2
Cytochrome c Group. : Mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation : nuclear-encoded genes, enzyme regulation, and pathophysiology / edited by Bernhard Kadenbach  2012 1
  Cytochrome P-450 -- 3 Related Subjects   3
Cytochrome P-450.   18
 

Cytochrome P-450 2E1 -- See Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1


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Cytochrome P-450 (ALC) -- See Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1


An ethanol-inducible cytochrome P450 enzyme that metabolizes several precarcinogens, drugs, and solvents to reactive metabolites. Substrates include ETHANOL; INHALATION ANESTHETICS; BENZENE; ACETAMINOPHEN and other low molecular weight compounds. CYP2E1 has been used as an enzyme marker in the study of alcohol abuse
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Cytochrome P-450 (Arom) -- See Aromatase


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Cytochrome P-450 -- Congresses. : Cytochrome P-450, biochemistry, biophysics, and environmental implications : proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Cytochrome P-450 held in Kuopio, Finland, May 31-June 3, 1982 / editors, Eino Hietanen, Matti Laitinen, Osmo Hänninen  1982 1
 

Cytochrome P-450 CYP19 -- See Aromatase


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Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B6. : CYP2 family / Ann K. Daly  2016 1
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19. : CYP2 family / Ann K. Daly  2016 1
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C8. : CYP2 family / Ann K. Daly  2016 1
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9. : CYP2 family / Ann K. Daly  2016 1
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6.   2
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1.   2
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 -- Metabolism. : Cytochrome P450 2E1 : its role in disease and drug metabolism / Aparajita Dey, editor  2013 1
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 -- toxicity. : Cytochrome P450 2E1 : its role in disease and drug metabolism / Aparajita Dey, editor  2013 1
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 -- Toxicology. : Cytochrome P450 2E1 : its role in disease and drug metabolism / Aparajita Dey, editor  2013 1
 

Cytochrome P-450-Dependent Monooxygenase -- See Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System


A superfamily of hundreds of closely related HEMEPROTEINS found throughout the phylogenetic spectrum, from animals, plants, fungi, to bacteria. They include numerous complex monooxygenases (MIXED FUNCTION OXYGENASES). In animals, these P-450 enzymes serve two major functions: (1) biosynthesis of steroids, fatty acids, and bile acids; (2) metabolism of endogenous and a wide variety of exogenous substrates, such as toxins and drugs (BIOTRANSFORMATION). They are classified, according to their sequence similarities rather than functions, into CYP gene families (>40% homology) and subfamilies (>59% homology). For example, enzymes from the CYP1, CYP2, and CYP3 gene families are responsible for most drug metabolism
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Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System.   12
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System -- analysis. : Cytochrome P450. Part B / edited by Eric F. Johnson, Michael R. Waterman  1996 1
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System -- chemistry. : Cytochrome P450 : structure, mechanism, and biochemistry / edited by Paul R. Ortiz de Montellano  2005 1
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System -- genetics.   3
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System -- metabolism.   7
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System -- pharmacology. : CYP2D : genetics, pharmacology and clinical relevance / editor, Pierre Baumann  2014 1
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System -- physiology.   2
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System -- therapeutic use. : CYP2D : genetics, pharmacology and clinical relevance / editor, Pierre Baumann  2014 1
 

Cytochrome P-450 Enzymes -- See Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System


A superfamily of hundreds of closely related HEMEPROTEINS found throughout the phylogenetic spectrum, from animals, plants, fungi, to bacteria. They include numerous complex monooxygenases (MIXED FUNCTION OXYGENASES). In animals, these P-450 enzymes serve two major functions: (1) biosynthesis of steroids, fatty acids, and bile acids; (2) metabolism of endogenous and a wide variety of exogenous substrates, such as toxins and drugs (BIOTRANSFORMATION). They are classified, according to their sequence similarities rather than functions, into CYP gene families (>40% homology) and subfamilies (>59% homology). For example, enzymes from the CYP1, CYP2, and CYP3 gene families are responsible for most drug metabolism
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Cytochrome P-450 Families -- See Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System


A superfamily of hundreds of closely related HEMEPROTEINS found throughout the phylogenetic spectrum, from animals, plants, fungi, to bacteria. They include numerous complex monooxygenases (MIXED FUNCTION OXYGENASES). In animals, these P-450 enzymes serve two major functions: (1) biosynthesis of steroids, fatty acids, and bile acids; (2) metabolism of endogenous and a wide variety of exogenous substrates, such as toxins and drugs (BIOTRANSFORMATION). They are classified, according to their sequence similarities rather than functions, into CYP gene families (>40% homology) and subfamilies (>59% homology). For example, enzymes from the CYP1, CYP2, and CYP3 gene families are responsible for most drug metabolism
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Cytochrome P-450 -- Genetics. : CYP2D : genetics, pharmacology and clinical relevance / editor, Pierre Baumann  2014 1
 

Cytochrome P-450 IIE1 -- See Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1


An ethanol-inducible cytochrome P450 enzyme that metabolizes several precarcinogens, drugs, and solvents to reactive metabolites. Substrates include ETHANOL; INHALATION ANESTHETICS; BENZENE; ACETAMINOPHEN and other low molecular weight compounds. CYP2E1 has been used as an enzyme marker in the study of alcohol abuse
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Cytochrome P-450-J -- See Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1


An ethanol-inducible cytochrome P450 enzyme that metabolizes several precarcinogens, drugs, and solvents to reactive metabolites. Substrates include ETHANOL; INHALATION ANESTHETICS; BENZENE; ACETAMINOPHEN and other low molecular weight compounds. CYP2E1 has been used as an enzyme marker in the study of alcohol abuse
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Cytochrome P-450 -- Metabolism. : Cytochromes P450 : role in the metabolism and toxicity of drugs and other xenobiotics / edited by Costas Ioannides  2008 1
 

Cytochrome P-450 Monooxygenase -- See Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System


A superfamily of hundreds of closely related HEMEPROTEINS found throughout the phylogenetic spectrum, from animals, plants, fungi, to bacteria. They include numerous complex monooxygenases (MIXED FUNCTION OXYGENASES). In animals, these P-450 enzymes serve two major functions: (1) biosynthesis of steroids, fatty acids, and bile acids; (2) metabolism of endogenous and a wide variety of exogenous substrates, such as toxins and drugs (BIOTRANSFORMATION). They are classified, according to their sequence similarities rather than functions, into CYP gene families (>40% homology) and subfamilies (>59% homology). For example, enzymes from the CYP1, CYP2, and CYP3 gene families are responsible for most drug metabolism
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Cytochrome P-450 Oxygenase -- See Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System


A superfamily of hundreds of closely related HEMEPROTEINS found throughout the phylogenetic spectrum, from animals, plants, fungi, to bacteria. They include numerous complex monooxygenases (MIXED FUNCTION OXYGENASES). In animals, these P-450 enzymes serve two major functions: (1) biosynthesis of steroids, fatty acids, and bile acids; (2) metabolism of endogenous and a wide variety of exogenous substrates, such as toxins and drugs (BIOTRANSFORMATION). They are classified, according to their sequence similarities rather than functions, into CYP gene families (>40% homology) and subfamilies (>59% homology). For example, enzymes from the CYP1, CYP2, and CYP3 gene families are responsible for most drug metabolism
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Cytochrome P-450 -- Physiological effect.   3
 

Cytochrome P-450 Superfamily -- See Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System


A superfamily of hundreds of closely related HEMEPROTEINS found throughout the phylogenetic spectrum, from animals, plants, fungi, to bacteria. They include numerous complex monooxygenases (MIXED FUNCTION OXYGENASES). In animals, these P-450 enzymes serve two major functions: (1) biosynthesis of steroids, fatty acids, and bile acids; (2) metabolism of endogenous and a wide variety of exogenous substrates, such as toxins and drugs (BIOTRANSFORMATION). They are classified, according to their sequence similarities rather than functions, into CYP gene families (>40% homology) and subfamilies (>59% homology). For example, enzymes from the CYP1, CYP2, and CYP3 gene families are responsible for most drug metabolism
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Cytochrome P-450 -- Technique. : Cytochrome P450 / edited by Michael R. Waterman, Eric F. Johnson  2002 1
Cytochrome P-450 -- Therapeutic use.   2
Cytochrome P-450 -- Toxicology. : Cytochromes P450 : role in the metabolism and toxicity of drugs and other xenobiotics / edited by Costas Ioannides  2008 1
 

Cytochrome P450 -- See Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System


A superfamily of hundreds of closely related HEMEPROTEINS found throughout the phylogenetic spectrum, from animals, plants, fungi, to bacteria. They include numerous complex monooxygenases (MIXED FUNCTION OXYGENASES). In animals, these P-450 enzymes serve two major functions: (1) biosynthesis of steroids, fatty acids, and bile acids; (2) metabolism of endogenous and a wide variety of exogenous substrates, such as toxins and drugs (BIOTRANSFORMATION). They are classified, according to their sequence similarities rather than functions, into CYP gene families (>40% homology) and subfamilies (>59% homology). For example, enzymes from the CYP1, CYP2, and CYP3 gene families are responsible for most drug metabolism
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Cytochrome P450 2B6 -- See Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B6


A cytochrome P450 enzyme subtype that oxidizes a diverse array of XENOBIOTICS. The expression of CYP2B6 varies widely between individuals which is due to the high rate of GENETIC POLYMORPHISMS. Examples of drugs metabolized by CYP2B6 include BUPROPION; efavirenz; CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE; and MEPERIDINE
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Cytochrome P450 2D6 -- See Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6


A cytochrome P450 enzyme that catalyzes the hydroxylation of many drugs and environmental chemicals, such as DEBRISOQUINE; ADRENERGIC RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS; and TRICYCLIC ANTIDEPRESSANTS. This enzyme is deficient in up to 10 percent of the Caucasian population
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Cytochrome P450 2E1 -- See Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1


An ethanol-inducible cytochrome P450 enzyme that metabolizes several precarcinogens, drugs, and solvents to reactive metabolites. Substrates include ETHANOL; INHALATION ANESTHETICS; BENZENE; ACETAMINOPHEN and other low molecular weight compounds. CYP2E1 has been used as an enzyme marker in the study of alcohol abuse
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Cytochrome p450 Families -- See Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System


A superfamily of hundreds of closely related HEMEPROTEINS found throughout the phylogenetic spectrum, from animals, plants, fungi, to bacteria. They include numerous complex monooxygenases (MIXED FUNCTION OXYGENASES). In animals, these P-450 enzymes serve two major functions: (1) biosynthesis of steroids, fatty acids, and bile acids; (2) metabolism of endogenous and a wide variety of exogenous substrates, such as toxins and drugs (BIOTRANSFORMATION). They are classified, according to their sequence similarities rather than functions, into CYP gene families (>40% homology) and subfamilies (>59% homology). For example, enzymes from the CYP1, CYP2, and CYP3 gene families are responsible for most drug metabolism
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Cytochrome P450, Family 2, Subfamily C, Polypeptide 8 -- See Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C8


A liver microsomal cytochrome P450 hydroxylase that oxidizes a broad spectrum of substrates including STEROIDS, FATTY ACIDS, and XENOBIOTICS. Examples of pharmaceutical substrates for CYP2C8 include; PACLITAXOL; torsemide; and; AMODIAQUINE
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Cytochrome P450 MP-4 -- See Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9


A cytochrome P-450 subtype that has specificity for acidic XENOBIOTICS. It oxidizes a broad range of important clinical drugs that fall under the categories of NONSTEROIDAL ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AGENTS; HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS; ANTCOAGULANTS; and DIURETICS
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