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Cytosine-5-Methylase, DNA -- See DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases


Enzymes that catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from S-ADENOSYLMETHIONINE to the 5-position of CYTOSINE residues in DNA
  1
 

Cytosine Aminohydrolase -- See Cytosine Deaminase


An enzyme which catalyzes the deamination of CYTOSINE resulting in the formation of URACIL. It can also act on 5-methylcytosine to form THYMIDINE
  1
Cytosine Deaminase. : Innate immunity to retroelements by human AID/APOBEC3 proteins / Reuben Harris  2007 1
Cytosine -- metabolism. : DNA methylation patterns in mammals / John Greally  2011 1
Cytosine -- physiology. : The epigenome : molecular hide and seek / edited by Stephan Beck, Alexander Olek  2003 1
 

Cytoskeletal Filament -- See Cytoskeleton


The network of filaments, tubules, and interconnecting filamentous bridges which give shape, structure, and organization to the cytoplasm
  1
 

Cytoskeletal Filaments -- See Cytoskeleton


The network of filaments, tubules, and interconnecting filamentous bridges which give shape, structure, and organization to the cytoplasm
  1
 

Cytoskeletal proteins -- See Also the narrower term Microfilament proteins


  1
Cytoskeletal proteins.   6
Cytoskeletal proteins -- Congresses. : Signalling networks in cell shape and motility / [editors, Gregory Bock and Jamie Goode]  2005 1
Cytoskeletal Proteins -- physiology.   2
  Cytoskeleton -- 2 Related Subjects   2
Cytoskeleton.   21
Cytoskeleton -- Congresses. : Biomechanics of active movement and deformation of cells / edited by Nuri AkkaƟ  1990 1
 

Cytoskeleton, Erythrocyte -- See Erythrocyte Membrane


The semi-permeable outer structure of a red blood cell. It is known as a red cell 'ghost' after HEMOLYSIS
  1
Cytoskeleton -- genetics. : Cytoskeleton and human disease / Maria Kavallaris, editor  2012 1
Cytoskeleton -- Mathematics. : Biomathematics : mathematics of biostructures and biodynamics / Sten Andersson ... [and others]  1999 1
Cytoskeleton -- Mechanical properties. : Cytoskeletal mechanics : models and measurements / edited by Mohammad R.K. Mofrad, Roger D. Kamm  2006 1
Cytoskeleton -- pathology.   2
Cytoskeleton -- Periodicals   2
Cytoskeleton -- physiology.   5
 

Cytoskeletons -- See Cytoskeleton


The network of filaments, tubules, and interconnecting filamentous bridges which give shape, structure, and organization to the cytoplasm
  1
 

Cytoskeletons, Erythrocyte -- See Erythrocyte Membrane


The semi-permeable outer structure of a red blood cell. It is known as a red cell 'ghost' after HEMOLYSIS
  1
 

Cytosol and Nuclear Receptors -- See Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear


Intracellular receptors that can be found in the cytoplasm or in the nucleus. They bind to extracellular signaling molecules that migrate through or are transported across the CELL MEMBRANE. Many members of this class of receptors occur in the cytoplasm and are transported to the CELL NUCLEUS upon ligand-binding where they signal via DNA-binding and transcription regulation. Also included in this category are receptors found on INTRACELLULAR MEMBRANES that act via mechanisms similar to CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS
  1
Cytosol -- metabolism.   4
 

Cytosolic and Nuclear Receptors -- See Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear


Intracellular receptors that can be found in the cytoplasm or in the nucleus. They bind to extracellular signaling molecules that migrate through or are transported across the CELL MEMBRANE. Many members of this class of receptors occur in the cytoplasm and are transported to the CELL NUCLEUS upon ligand-binding where they signal via DNA-binding and transcription regulation. Also included in this category are receptors found on INTRACELLULAR MEMBRANES that act via mechanisms similar to CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS
  1
Cytostatic Agents. : Glutathione transferases / Ralf Morgenstern  2007 1
Cytostatic Agents -- therapeutic use. : Prevention of bone metastases / Markus Joerger, Michael Gnant, editor  2012 1
 

Cytostatic Drugs -- See Cytostatic Agents


Compounds that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of CELLS
  1
 

Cytostatics -- See Cytostatic Agents


Compounds that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of CELLS
  1
  Cytotaxonomy -- 3 Related Subjects   3
Liliaceae -- Cytotaxonomy. : The Aloineae, a biosystematic survey / Herbert Parkes Riley, Shyamal K. Majumdar  1979 1
 

Cytotoxic Brain Edema -- See Brain Edema


Increased intracellular or extracellular fluid in brain tissue. Cytotoxic brain edema (swelling due to increased intracellular fluid) is indicative of a disturbance in cell metabolism, and is commonly associated with hypoxic or ischemic injuries (see HYPOXIA, BRAIN). An increase in extracellular fluid may be caused by increased brain capillary permeability (vasogenic edema), an osmotic gradient, local blockages in interstitial fluid pathways, or by obstruction of CSF flow (e.g., obstructive HYDROCEPHALUS). (From Childs Nerv Syst 1992 Sep; 8(6):301-6)
  1
 

Cytotoxic Cerebral Edema -- See Brain Edema


Increased intracellular or extracellular fluid in brain tissue. Cytotoxic brain edema (swelling due to increased intracellular fluid) is indicative of a disturbance in cell metabolism, and is commonly associated with hypoxic or ischemic injuries (see HYPOXIA, BRAIN). An increase in extracellular fluid may be caused by increased brain capillary permeability (vasogenic edema), an osmotic gradient, local blockages in interstitial fluid pathways, or by obstruction of CSF flow (e.g., obstructive HYDROCEPHALUS). (From Childs Nerv Syst 1992 Sep; 8(6):301-6)
  1
 

Cytotoxic drugs -- See Antineoplastic agents


  1
 

Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte -- See T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic


Immunized T-lymphocytes which can directly destroy appropriate target cells. These cytotoxic lymphocytes may be generated in vitro in mixed lymphocyte cultures (MLC), in vivo during a graft-versus-host (GVH) reaction, or after immunization with an allograft, tumor cell or virally transformed or chemically modified target cell. The lytic phenomenon is sometimes referred to as cell-mediated lympholysis (CML). These CD8-positive cells are distinct from NATURAL KILLER CELLS and NATURAL KILLER T-CELLS. There are two effector phenotypes: TC1 and TC2
  1
 

Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-Associated Antigen 8 -- See Interleukin-17


A proinflammatory cytokine produced primarily by T-LYMPHOCYTES or their precursors. Several subtypes of interleukin-17 have been identified, each of which is a product of a unique gene
  1
 

Cytotoxic T-Lymphocytes -- See T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic


Immunized T-lymphocytes which can directly destroy appropriate target cells. These cytotoxic lymphocytes may be generated in vitro in mixed lymphocyte cultures (MLC), in vivo during a graft-versus-host (GVH) reaction, or after immunization with an allograft, tumor cell or virally transformed or chemically modified target cell. The lytic phenomenon is sometimes referred to as cell-mediated lympholysis (CML). These CD8-positive cells are distinct from NATURAL KILLER CELLS and NATURAL KILLER T-CELLS. There are two effector phenotypes: TC1 and TC2
  1
 

Cytotoxicity, Cell-mediated -- See Cell-mediated cytotoxicity


  1
  Cytotoxicity, Immunologic -- 4 Related Subjects   4
Cytotoxicity, Immunologic.   13
 

Cytotoxin-Antibody Conjugates -- See Immunotoxins


Semisynthetic conjugates of various toxic molecules, including RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES and bacterial or plant toxins, with specific immune substances such as IMMUNOGLOBULINS; MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES; and ANTIGENS. The antitumor or antiviral immune substance carries the toxin to the tumor or infected cell where the toxin exerts its poisonous effect
  1
 

Cytotoxin, Vero -- See Shiga Toxins


A class of toxins that inhibit protein synthesis by blocking the interaction of ribosomal RNA; (RNA, RIBOSOMAL) with PEPTIDE ELONGATION FACTORS. They include SHIGA TOXIN which is produced by SHIGELLA DYSENTERIAE and a variety of shiga-like toxins that are produced by pathologic strains of ESCHERICHIA COLI such as ESCHERICHIA COLI O157
  1
 

Cytotoxin, Vero Cell -- See Shiga Toxins


A class of toxins that inhibit protein synthesis by blocking the interaction of ribosomal RNA; (RNA, RIBOSOMAL) with PEPTIDE ELONGATION FACTORS. They include SHIGA TOXIN which is produced by SHIGELLA DYSENTERIAE and a variety of shiga-like toxins that are produced by pathologic strains of ESCHERICHIA COLI such as ESCHERICHIA COLI O157
  1
  Cytotoxins -- 2 Related Subjects   2
Cytotoxins -- adverse effects. : Non-fibrillar amyloidogenic protein assemblies : common cytotoxins underlying degenerative diseases / Farid Rahimi, Gal Bitan, editors  2012 1
Cytotoxins -- therapeutic use. : Cytotoxins and immunotoxins for cancer therapy : clinical applications / edited by Koji Kawakami, Bharat B. Aggarwal, Raj K. Puri  2005 1
 

Cytotoxins, Vero Cell -- See Shiga Toxins


A class of toxins that inhibit protein synthesis by blocking the interaction of ribosomal RNA; (RNA, RIBOSOMAL) with PEPTIDE ELONGATION FACTORS. They include SHIGA TOXIN which is produced by SHIGELLA DYSENTERIAE and a variety of shiga-like toxins that are produced by pathologic strains of ESCHERICHIA COLI such as ESCHERICHIA COLI O157
  1
 

Cytotubules -- See Microtubules


  1
 

Cytoxins, Vero -- See Shiga Toxins


A class of toxins that inhibit protein synthesis by blocking the interaction of ribosomal RNA; (RNA, RIBOSOMAL) with PEPTIDE ELONGATION FACTORS. They include SHIGA TOXIN which is produced by SHIGELLA DYSENTERIAE and a variety of shiga-like toxins that are produced by pathologic strains of ESCHERICHIA COLI such as ESCHERICHIA COLI O157
  1
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