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E-book
Author Muthu, Subramanian Senthilkannan.

Title Sustainability in denim / edited by Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Published Duxford, United Kingdom : Woodhead Publishing is an imprint of Elsevier, [2017]
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource
Series The Textile Institute book series
Textile Institute book series.
Contents Front Cover; Sustainability in Denim; The Textile Institute Book Series; Recently Published and Upcoming Titles in The Textile Institute Book Series; The Textile Institute Book Series: Sustainability in Denim; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; List of contributors; Preface; 1 -- Introduction to denim; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 What is denim?; 1.2.1 Types of denim; 1.3 History of denim; 1.4 Jeans, the cultural icon; 1.4.1 Evolution of jeans; 1.4.2 Denim as a fashion icon; 1.4.3 Resurrection of denim as a fashion brand; 1.4.4 Denim trends; 1.5 Denim: manufacture; 1.5.1 Spinning
1.5.1.1 Open-end spinning1.5.1.2 Ring spinning; 1.5.2 Fabric weaving; 1.5.2.1 Grey yarn on cones; 1.5.2.2 Warping on sectional/direct warping; 1.5.2.3 Sizing of yarn in set/beam to beam position; 1.5.2.4 Drawing-in; 1.5.2.5 Beam gaiting or knotting on a loom; 1.5.2.6 Weaving; Air jet looms; 1.5.3 Finishing; 1.5.3.1 Grey fabric; 1.5.3.2 Denim fabric; 1.5.3.3 Sheet dyeing process; 1.5.3.4 Making up; Dispatch; 1.6 Chemistry of denim; 1.6.1 Indigo dye=C16H10N2O2; 1.6.1.1 Chemistry's role; 1.7 Market for denim and today's status; 1.7.1 Indian market for denims
1.8 Sustainable perspectives on environmental, social, and economic aspects of denim1.9 Challenges and opportunities for the worldwide denim market; 1.10 Sustainable denim; 1.11 Future trends; 1.12 Conclusion; Further reading; Websites; 2 -- Environmental impacts of denim; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Denim industry; 2.3 Key sustainability issues of denim industry; 2.3.1 Raw material (cotton); 2.3.2 Water management; 2.3.3 Energy management; 2.3.4 Environmental pollution; 2.3.5 Social sustainability; 2.4 Environmental impacts of denim processing; 2.5 Sustainable denim production; 2.6 Future trends
2.7 ConclusionSources of further information and advice; References; Further reading; 3 -- Environmental impacts of denim washing; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Denim dyeing; 3.2.1 Rope dyeing method; 3.2.2 Slasher or sheet dyeing method; 3.2.3 Double-sheet dyeing; 3.3 Selection of denim fabric; 3.3.1 Fabrics with varying colour depth; 3.3.2 Flat-look denim; 3.3.3 Quick-wash denim; 3.3.4 Tinted denim; 3.3.5 Grainy look denim; 3.3.6 Soft-feel denim; 3.4 Denim washing; 3.4.1 Garment washing/dyeing machines; 3.5 Desizing; 3.6 Garment washing; 3.7 Types of garment washing; 3.7.1 Rinse wash or normal wash
3.7.2 Water jet fading3.7.3 Stonewashing; 3.7.3.1 Substitution of pumice stone; 3.7.4 Simultaneous stonewashing and tinting; 3.7.5 Whiskering; 3.7.6 Microsanding; 3.7.6.1 Sandblasting; 3.7.7 Mechanical abrasion; 3.7.8 Laser marking; 3.7.9 Acid, ice and snow wash; 3.7.9.1 Precautions; 3.7.10 Hydrogen peroxide wash; 3.7.11 Enzyme wash; 3.7.12 Ozone fading; 3.7.13 Spray technique; 3.7.14 Overdyeing and tinting; 3.7.15 Plasma; 3.8 Denim finishing; 3.8.1 Wrinkle finish; 3.9 Impact on environment; 3.9.1 Danger from stonewashing; 3.9.2 Danger from sandblasting; 3.9.3 Fewer washings during use
Summary Sustainability in Denim provides the latest information on sustainable fabrics and practices. From cotton farming, to manufacture and end of life disposal, denim has extensive effects on the environment, inclusive of water consumption and contamination, destruction of large-scale ecosystems and transportation pollution. Additionally, recent developments in the manufacture of denim, such as the use of textiles, including elastane and polyester, have led to limitations in the high end recycling of denim. This book includes an introduction covering the history, manufacture and lifecycle of denim. It deals with the sustainability aspects of denim by addressing three important pillars of sustainability, the environmental, social and economic aspects, that when combined, present a unique approach in comparison to other books on the topic. The book primarily uses case studies to examine sustainability challenges throughout the denim lifecycle, and to evaluate new green initiatives and recycling processes. It will be of great use to industry professionals, sustainability managers, textile industry researchers and denim manufacturers
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Online resource; title from PDF title page (EBSCO, viewed June 26, 2017)
Vendor-supplied metadata
Subject Denim -- Environmental aspects.
Sustainable development.
Form Electronic book
Author Textile institute
ISBN 0081020449 (electronic bk.)
9780081020449 (electronic bk.)