Introduction : State initiated and sponsored vigilantism in the Philippines -- On-duty police violence as establishment violence -- Vigilantism in the modern Philippines -- Police vigilantism under Duerte -- Earlier patterns of police vigilantism and their links to the present -- Classifying Philippine practice : an international and inter-regional comparison -- On-duty police killings indicating the return of a strong Marcso-style state
"Since the election of Rodrigo Duerte as president, the Philippines have been engulfed in a vicious campaign against drug-related crime. More than 1,500 suspects have been killed by police officers in so-called legitimate encounters. An analysis of past patterns of killings by police shows that there are widespread, if less conspicuous, antecedents to the current spate of police-perpetrated vigilante justice. In the past and now, the differences between provinces and regions are attributable to the attitudes of officials in power at the local level. The pressure exerted on local officials by the current national administration reduces their options for resisting the invitation to carry out acts of vigilante justice. The current patterns of strongman rule also exhibit disturbing similarities to the ones used by Ferdinand Marcos before the declaration of martial law in 1972 (and should be seen as an ominous portent of what lies ahead)." -- Publisher's web site
"Member of the Leibniz Association"
Bibliography : pages 34-37
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