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Title Growing smarter : learning and equitable development in East Asia and Pacific / World Bank Group
Published Washington, DC : World Bank Group, [2018]
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (xx, 235 pages) : color illustrations
Series World Bank East Asia and Pacific regional report
World Bank East Asia and Pacific regional report.
Contents The state of education in East Asia and Pacific -- Align institutions to ensure basic conditions for learning -- Concentrate effective, equity-minded public spending on basic education -- Select and support teachers throughout their careers to allow them to focus on the classroom -- Ensure that children are ready to learn in school -- Assess students to diagnose issues and inform instruction -- Charting the course ahead -- The region generated unprecedented and transformative economic growth -- How has sustained high growth changed the region? -- A sound macroeconomic environment allowed human capital to drive growth -- Successful economies systematically decreased the distance to the technological frontier -- Successful economies prepared early for the next phase in becoming a knowledge economy -- Human capital protects people from falling back into poverty -- The region's legacy of equitable growth is under threat -- More remains to be done if countries are to avoid the "middle-income trap" -- East Asia and Pacific is home to a quarter of the world's school-age children, most of whom are enrolled in school -- Education systems fall into four groups -- Parts of the region are facing a learning crisis -- The region has more than its share of top performers -- The equity of learning outcomes is greater in East Asia than in the OECD -- Educational systems in the region's low- and middle-income countries serve learners from the bottom 40 percent -- An emerging literature on the roots of high performance highlights elements that promote learning -- SPOTLIGHT 1. Education in the Pacific Island Countries: Achievements and Challenges. Role of the church; Attainment; Achievement; Results from Early Grade Reading Assessments; Public expenditure on education -- Institutional alignment is critical to ensure that students learn -- Systemic reform of education for improved learning -- Aligning political support for investment in education with jobs and social mobility -- Sound administrative systems start by ensuring that basic conditions for learning are in place -- Providing clear guidance to teachers through national curricula and textbooks -- Sequenced reforms allowed more complex and ambitious learning goals to be achieved -- Institutional alignment and sequenced reforms helped high-performing economies to reach critical milestones in expanding access and improving quality -- SPOTLIGHT 2. What Lessons Can Be Drawn from Top Performing Systems' Experience with Technical and Vocational Education and Training? TVET was central to national education policy and national economic development strategy; TVET 2.0 -- Trends in public spending on education -- Prioritizing public spending on basic education -- High-performing systems manage teachers and school infrastructure efficiently -- Enhancing the equitable distribution of resources -- SPOTLIGHT 3. How Have Governments Used Public-Private Partnerships to Improve Education Outcomes? Does private enrollment increase access?; Does private provision of education improve learning outcomes?; Do public-private partnerships in education reduce inequity?; What can governments do to promote public-private partnerships that lead to positive outcomes? -- Coherent systems of teacher recruitment, development, and support -- Strong supporting elements are aligned in ways that make the teacher's job easier -- What happens in the classroom? Insights into effective teaching -- Challenges in teacher reform -- Top Performing Systems invested in readiness to learn for lasting returns -- As low-income countries in the region strive to emulate the success of Top Performing Systems, they need to consider the status quo -- Low-income countries in the region lack certain key packages of services -- The costs of inaction are high, and countries can afford to act -- Multilevel measuring and monitoring of learning outcomes are critical -- Top Performing Systems in East Asia have linked assessments with teaching -- Keeping pace with shifting labor market priorities and evolving beyond cognitive skills -- What has worked? -- Aligning policies in five core areas is key to success -- Increasing the role of the private sector -- Keeping up with rapid changes in technology and labor markets -- A way forward -- A map of countries' current systems
Summary One-quarter of the world's school-age children live in East Asia and Pacific. During the past 50 years, some economies in the region have successfully transformed themselves by investing in the continuous upgrading of the knowledge, skills, and abilities of their workforce. Through policy foresight, they have produced graduates with new levels of knowledge and skills almost as fast as industries have increased their demand for skilled workers. Yet the success of these high-performing systems has not been replicated throughout the region. Tens of millions of students are in school but not learning, and as many as 60 percent of students remain in school systems that are struggling to escape from the global learning crisis or in systems where performance is likely poor. Many students in these systems fail to reach basic levels of proficiency in key subjects and are greatly disadvantaged because of it. Growing Smarter: Learning and Equitable Development in East Asia and Pacific focuses on the experiences of economies in the region that have been able to expand schooling and learning and showcases those that have managed to pursue successful education reforms at scale. By examining these experiences, the report provides both diagnoses and detailed recommendations for improvement not only for education systems within East Asia and Pacific but also for countries across the globe. In East Asia and Pacific, the impressive record of success in education in some low- and middle-income countries is proof of concept that schooling in resource-constrained contexts can lead to learning for all. This report identifies the policies and practices necessary to ensure that students learn and suggests how countries can improve learning outcomes
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Description based on resource, viewed July 3, 2018
Subject Education and state -- East Asia.
Education and state -- Pacific Area.
Educational planning -- East Asia.
Educational planning -- Pacific Area.
Form Electronic book
Author World Bank Group, issuing body
ISBN 1464812691 (electronic bk.)
9781464812699 (electronic bk.)