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Author Strand, Jon, author

Title Energy efficiency and renewable energy supply for the G-7 countries, with emphasis on Germany / prepared by Jon Strand
Published Washington, D.C. : International Monetary Fund, Fiscal Affairs Dept., 2007
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Description 1 online resource (35 pages) : illustrations
Series IMF working paper ; WP/07/299
IMF working paper ; WP/07/299
Contents I. Introduction; I. Renewables in Advanced Economies: General Issues; A. Introduction; B. Support to and Supply of Renewables in Major Advanced Countries; Tables; 1. Renewable Energy, More Detailed Source Classification, Major OECD Countries, 2004; Figures; 1. Distributions of Renewable Energy in Major OECD Countries, 2004; C. Public Renewables Support and Carbon Emissions Reductions; 2. Average Cost, Euros Per Ton of CO2 Displaced, When Fossil Fuels Are Replaced with Renewable Energies; D. Biofuels and Their Support in Advanced Economies
2. Cost-Effectiveness in Carbon Abatement, Different Uses of Biomass3. Production Volumes (thousand tons), and Values of Tax Exemptions (Euro/cents per liter), for Biofuel and Biodiesel in Major Eurpopean Countries and the United States; 4. Calculated Average Public Support to Bioethanol and Biodiesel in the EU, by Support Category, 2006; 5. Calculated Average Public Support to Bioethanol and Biodiesel in the EU Per Unit of Fossil Fuels Displaecd, by Supply Category, 2006; II. Further Aspects of Renewables Policies in Germany; A. Introduction
B. Renewables for Electricity Generation in Germany6. Overview of Main Renewable Energies, Germany, 2006; 7. Feed in Tariffs by Technology, 2006; 3. Forecast Quantities and Fees of Feed-In Tariffs, by 2012; 8. Supplementary Payments for Electricity Exports to the Grid; C. Policies Affecting Value-Adding Inputs; 4. German Federal Government Support for Basic R&D, 1974-2007; 9. Breakdown of German Federal Government Energy R&D by Research Theme/Ministry 1974-2000; 10. Combined Federal States (Länder) Support for Deployment of Renewable Energy Technologies; D. Biofuels for Transport
Summary This paper discusses structure, impact, costs, and efficiency of renewable energy supply in the eight largest advanced economies (the G-7 plus Spain), with focus on Germany. Renewables production costs are compared to benefits, defined as reductions in net carbon emissions; technological innovation, and increased energy security. The latter part of the paper centers on Germany, the main European producer of non-traditional renewables. We question whether the level of subsidies can be justified, relative to other means to increase energy security and reduce carbon emissions. We also find an exc
Notes "December 2007."
At head of title: Fiscal Affairs Department
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 33-35)
Restricted Use copy Restrictions unspecified star MiAaHDL
Notes Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002. MiAaHDL
Print version record
digitized 2010 HathiTrust Digital Library committed to preserve pda MiAaHDL
Subject Renewable energy sources -- Economic aspects -- Group of Seven countries
Energy consumption -- Economic aspects -- Group of Seven countries
Renewable energy sources -- Economic aspects -- Germany
Energy consumption -- Economic aspects -- Germany
Energy consumption -- Economic aspects.
Renewable energy sources -- Economic aspects.
Group of Seven countries.
Form Electronic book
Author International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Department, Issuing body
ISBN 145191315X
ISSN 2227-8885