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Author Rossiter, Caleb

Title The bureaucratic struggle for control of U.S. foreign aid diplomacy vs. development in southern Africa / Caleb Rossiter
Published London : Routledge, 2019
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource
Series A Westview replica edition
Westview replica edition
Contents Cover; Half Title; About the Book and Author; Title; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; List of Figures and Tables; Acknowledgments; I. DIPLOMACY VERSUS DEVELOPMENT; II. THE FUNCTIONS OF U.S. FOREIGN AID; The Post-War Relief Period, 1946 to 1948; The Marshall Plan, 1949 to 1952; The Mutual Security Act, 1953 to 1961; The Foreign Assistance Act, 1962 to 1972; The Foreign Assistance Act, 1973 to 1979; III. THE REALIZATION PROCESS: ACTORS AND GOALS; Foreign Aid in the Context of Foreign Policy; Security Assistance; Development Assistance; Food for Peace Sales; Food for Peace Grants
Disaster AssistanceRefugee Programs; Housing Investment Guarantees; Investment Guarantees and Insurance; Export Guarantees, Loans and Insurance; Conclusion; IV. U.S. FOREIGN POLICY IN SOUTHERN AFRICA, 1973-1981; Southern African Policy Under Kissinger; Southern African Policy Under Carter; Southern African Policy Under Haig and Crocker; Conclusion; V. U.S. PROGRAMMING IN SOUTHERN AFRICA, 1973-1981; Total Southern African Obligations; Angola; Botswana; Lesotho; Malawi; Mozambique; Swaziland; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Regional Programs; Review of ODA by Country
VI. SECURITY AND DEVELOPMENT AID: THE REALIZATION PROCESSThe Security Assistance Decisions; The Planning Process at the Regional Level; Case Studies at the Country and Project Level; Conclusion; VII. FOOD, HUMANITARIAN, AND COMMERCIAL AID: THE REALIZATION PROCESS; Food Aid; Humanitarian Aid; Commercial Aid; Conclusion; VIII. DIPLOMACY OVER DEVELOPMENT; Bibliography; List of Interviews and Personal Communications; Index
Summary This study of executive-branch decision making explores the conflict between the diplomatic and developmental mandates of U.S. foreign-aid programs on two levels. First, a given amount of programming funded for a country must be divided among various activities, some of which are directed toward long-term development while others encourage short-term diplomatic cooperation with U.S. initiatives. Second, individual federal agencies favor certain types of aid and are engaged in a constant struggle to preserve and expand their favored programs at the expense of others. Dr. Rossiter examines this conflict in a case study of the State Department's use of foreign-aid programs to induce the "frontline" states of southern Africa to cooperate with President Carter's initiative to resolve the civil war in Rhodesia/Zimbabwe. According to Dr. Rossiter, the Agency for International Development (AID) lost control over foreign aid in the region to the State Department because the constituency for development objectives was relatively weak, both inside and outside the U.S. government. He concludes by discussing the implications of AID's unsuccessful attempt to free itself from the State Department's control during the reorganization of the foreign-aid bureaucracy under President Carter
Notes Caleb Rossiter is on the staff of the bipartisan Congressional Arms Control and Foreign Policy Caucus, where his duties focus on legislation and research related to U.S. economic and military policy in the Third World. He has been an adjunct professor of military policy at Cornell University's Washington, D.C., campus. Dr. Rossiter has written on U.S. foreign policy for the Congressional Research Service and the Center for International Policy, where he is a fellow. He conducted interviews with more than seventy officials in various U.S. government agencies in preparation for this book
Subject Umschulungswerkstätten für Siedler und Auswanderer Bitterfeld
University of South Alabama
Economic assistance, American -- Africa, Southern
Diplomatic relations.
Economic assistance, American.
Africa, Southern -- Foreign relations -- United States
United States -- Foreign relations -- Africa, Southern
Africa, Southern.
Südafrika Kontinent
United States.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 0429309228