Description 
1 online resource (xxv, 392 pages) : illustrations, portraits (some color) 
Contents 
1. Mathematics before Leonhard Euler. 1.1. Introduction. 1.2. Pythagoras, the Pythagorean school and euclid. 1.3. The major impact of the European renaissance on mathematics and science. 1.4. The discovery of calculus by Newton and Leibniz  2. Brief biographical sketch and career of Leonhard Euler. 2.1. Euler's early life. 2.2. Euler's professional career  3. Euler's contributions to number theory and algebra. 3.1. Introduction. 3.2. Euler's Phi function and cryptography. 3.3. Euler's other work on number theory. 3.4. Euler and partitions of numbers. 3.5. Euler's contributions to continued fractions. 3.6. Euler's contributions to classical algebra  4. Euler's contributions to geometry and spherical trigonometry. 4.1. Introduction. 4.2. Euler's work in plane geometry. 4.3. Incircle, incenter and Heron's formula for an area of a triangle. 4.4. Centroid, orthocenter and circumcenter. 4.5. The Euler line and the Euler ninepoint circle. 4.6. Euler's work on analytic geometry. 4.7. Euler's work on differential geometry. 4.8. Spherical trigonometry  5. Euler's formula for polyhedra, topology and graph theory. 5.1. Euler's formula for polyhedra. 5.2. Graphs and networks  6. Euler's contributions to calculus and analysis. 6.1. Introduction. 6.2. Euler's work on calculus. 6.3. Euler and elliptic integrals  7. Euler's contributions to the infinite series and the zeta function. 7.1. Introduction. 7.2. Euler and the infinite series. 7.3. Euler's zeta function. 7.4. Euler and the Fourier series. 7.5. Generalized Zeta function. 7.6. Applications of the Zeta function to mathematical physics and algebraic geometry  8. Euler's beta and gamma functions and infinite products. 8.1. Introduction. 8.2. Euler's beta and gamma functions. 8.3. Applications of the Euler gamma functions. 8.4. Euler's contributions to infinite products  9. Euler and differential equations. 9.1. Historical introduction. 9.2. Euler's contributions to ordinary differential equations. 9.3. Euler's work on partial differential equations. 9.4. Euler and the calculus of variations  10. The Euler equations of motion in fluid mechanics. 10.1. Introduction. 10.2. Eulerian descriptions of fluid flows  11. Euler's contributions to mechanics and elasticity. 11.1. Introduction. 11.2. Euler's work on solid mechanics. 11.3. Euler's research on elastic curves. 11.4. Impact of Euler's work on modern aerodynamics  12. Euler's work on the probability theory. 12.1. Introduction. 12.2. Euler's work on probability. 12.3. Euler's beta and gamma density distributions  13. Euler's contributions to ballistics. 13.1. Introduction. 13.2. Euler's research on ballistics  14. Euler and his work on astronomy and physics. 14.1. Introduction. 14.2. Euler's contributions to astronomy. 14.3. Euler's work on physics 
Summary 
This book primarily serves as a historical research monograph on the biographical sketch and career of Leonhard Euler and his major contributions to numerous areas in the mathematical and physical sciences. It contains fourteen chapters describing Euler's works on number theory, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, differential and integral calculus, analysis, infinite series and infinite products, ordinary and elliptic integrals and special functions, ordinary and partial differential equations, calculus of variations, graph theory and topology, mechanics and ballistic research, elasticity and fluid mechanics, physics and astronomy, probability and statistics. The book is written to provide a definitive impression of Euler's personal and professional life as well as of the range, power, and depth of his unique contributions. This tricentennial tribute commemorates Euler the great man and Euler the universal mathematician of all time. Based on the author's historically motivated method of teaching, special attention is given to demonstrate that Euler's work had served as the basis of research and developments of mathematical and physical sciences for the last 300 years. An attempt is also made to examine his research and its relation to current mathematics and science. Based on a series of Euler's extraordinary contributions, the historical development of many different subjects of mathematical sciences is traced with a linking commentary so that it puts the reader at the forefront of current research 
Bibliography 
Includes bibliographical references (pages 373381) and index 
Notes 
Print version record 
Subject 
Euler, Leonhard, 17071783.


Mathematicians  Switzerland  Biography.


Mathematics  History  18th century.

Genre/Form 
Biography.


History.


Biographies.

Form 
Electronic book

ISBN 
1848165269 (electronic bk.) 

9781848165267 (electronic bk.) 
