The age of smoke -- Modern times, modern problems : controlling smoke, 1880-1914 -- Pollutants and politics : air pollution control between the wars -- Beyond the pall of smoke -- Going local, going national : the postwar divergence of environmental policy -- Forerunners and pioneers -- Environmental revolutions and evolutions -- Conclusion : Was the environmental revolution necessary?
In 1880, coal was the primary energy source for everything from home heating to industry. Regions where coal was readily available, such as the Ruhr Valley in Germany and western Pennsylvania in the United States, witnessed exponential growth-yet also suffered the greatest damage from coal pollution. These conditions prompted civic activism in the form of "anti-smoke" campaigns to attack the unsightly physical manifestations of coal burning. This early period witnessed significant cooperation between industrialists, government, and citizens to combat the smoke problem. It was not until the 1960
Includes bibliographical references (pages 273-340) and index