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Book Cover
Author Turner, Alicia Marie, author

Title Saving Buddhism : the impermanence of religion in colonial Burma / Alicia Turner
Published Honolulu : University of Hawaiʻi Press, 2014
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource
Series Southeast Asia : politics, meaning, and memory
Southeast Asia--politics, meaning, memory
Contents Sasana decline and traditions of reform -- Buddhist education -- Morals, conduct, and community -- The shoe and the shikho
Summary Saving Buddhism explores the dissonance between the goals of the colonial state and the Buddhist worldview that animated Burmese Buddhism at the turn of the twentieth century. For many Burmese, the salient and ordering discourse was not nation or modernity but sāsana, the life of the Buddha's teachings. Burmese Buddhists interpreted the political and social changes between 1890 and 1920 as signs that the Buddha's sāsana was deteriorating. This fear of decline drove waves of activity and organizing to prevent the loss of the Buddha's teachings. Burmese set out to save Buddhism, but achieved much more: they took advantage of the indeterminacy of the moment to challenge the colonial frameworks that were beginning to shape their world. Author Alicia Turner has examined thousands of rarely used sources-- newspapers and Buddhist journals, donation lists, and colonial reports--to trace three discourses set in motion by the colonial encounter: the evolving understanding of sāsana as an orienting framework for change, the adaptive modes of identity made possible in the moral community, and the ongoing definition of religion as a site of conflict and negotiation of autonomy. Beginning from an understanding that defining and redefining the boundaries of religion operated as a key technique of colonial power--shaping subjects through European categories and authorizing projects of colonial governmentality--she explores how Burmese Buddhists became actively engaged in defining and inflecting religion to shape their colonial situation and forward their own local projects.Saving Buddhism intervenes not just in scholarly conversations about religion and colonialism, but in theoretical work in religious studies on the categories of "religion" and "secular." It contributes to ongoing studies of colonialism, nation, and identity in Southeast Asian studies by working to denaturalize nationalist histories. It also engages conversations on millennialism and the construction of identity in Buddhist studies by tracing the fluid nature of sāsana as a discourse. The layers of Buddhist history that emerge challenge us to see multiple modes of identity in colonial modernity and offer insights into the instabilities of categories we too often take for granted
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002. MiAaHDL
In English
digitized 2011 HathiTrust Digital Library committed to preserve pda MiAaHDL
Print version record
Subject Buddhism and politics -- Burma -- History -- 19th century
Buddhism and politics -- Burma -- History -- 20th century
Group identity -- Burma -- History
Buddhism and politics.
Group identity.
Philosophy & Religion.
Politics and government.
RELIGION / Buddhism / General
RELIGION / Comparative Religion
Sozialer Wandel
Burma -- Politics and government -- 1824-1948
Genre/Form History.
Form Electronic book
LC no. 2014021614
ISBN 0824847911
0824852605 (electronic bk.)
9780824852603 (electronic bk.)
(alk. paper)
(alk. paper)