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E-book

Title Building urban resilience : principles, tools, and practice / Abhas K. Jha, Todd W. Miner, and Zuzana Stanton-Geddes, editors
Published Washington : World Bank Publications, 2013
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Description 1 online resource (xxiii, 180 pages) : illustrations
Series Directions in development. Environmental and sustainable development
Directions in development (Washington, D.C.). Environment and sustainable development.
Contents C1; C2; Contents; Foreword; Preface; Acknowledgments; Editors and Contributors; Abbreviations; Executive Summary; Focus on Cities; Risk and Uncertainty; Building Urban Resilience: Principles, Tools, and Practice; Looking Forward; References; Chapter 1 Principles of Urban Resilience; Key Points; Key Resources; Urban Disaster Resilience; Risk, Uncertainty, and Complexity; Boxes; Box 1.1 Enhancing Resilience in an Urban Region: Examples; Disaster Risk Management and Opportunities for Resilience; Box 1.2 Increasing Accountability in the Philippines; Figures
Box 1.7 Using Vegetation to Limit Landslide Hazards in SeattleUrban Upgrading; Figure 1.7 Competing Interests in Land Use; Table 1.2 Urban Poverty, Everyday Hazards, and Disaster Risks; Incorporating Resilience into the Project Cycle; Figure 1.8 World Bank Project Cycle; Table 1.3 World Bank Project Cycle: Opportunities for Enhancing Resilience; Box 1.8 Country Assistance Strategy in the Philippines; Further Reading; Table 1.4 Disaster Resilience Indicators; Table 1.5 Resilience Components in World Bank Projects: Examples; Notes; References; Chapter 2 Tools for Building Urban Resilience
Box 2.5 Istanbul Earthquake Risk Reduction PlanBox 2.6 Checklist for a Successful Relocation; Box 2.7 Hazard Zoning Initiatives; Box 2.8 Spatial Development Framework for Risk Reduction in Kaduna, Nigeria; Box 2.9 Master Plan for Risk Reduction in ConstituciĆ³n, Chile; Box 2.10 Checklist for Land Use Risk Management Strategy; Box 2.11 Institutional Capacity for Risk Reduction; Table 2.4 The Risk-Based Planning Process: Actors and Roles; Urban Ecosystem Management; Box 2.12 Rehabilitation of the Maasin Watershed Reserve in the Philippines
Figure 1.1 The Six Phases of the Disaster CycleBox 1.3 The Great California Shake-Out; Box 1.4 The Queensland Reconstruction Authority; Figure 1.2 Open Data for Resilience Cycle; Figure 1.3 Elements of Risk Calculation; Figure 1.4 Elements of Risk Reduction; Figure 1.5 Tsunami Early Warning System; Social Resilience; Tables; Table 1.1 Challenges in Integrating Social Resilience; Box 1.5 Combining Resources to Reduce Flood Impacts; Land Use Planning; Box 1.6 Urbanization and Flood Risk; Urban Ecosystems; Figure 1.6 The Human Ecosystem
Key PointsKey Resources; Risk Assessment; Figure 2.1 Dynamic Decision-Making Process; Box 2.1 City-Wide Mapping in Uganda; Figure 2.2 Risk Assessment Model; Table 2.1 Types of Disaster Impact; Box 2.2 CAPRA: A Probabilistic Risk Assessment Initiative; Table 2.2 Summary of Socioeconomic Cost-Benefit Analysis; Box 2.3 Flood Risk Assessment for Mitigation Planning in Dhaka, Bangladesh; Risk-Based Land Use Planning; Table 2.3 Risk-Based Land Use Planning in Urban Infrastructure Projects; Box 2.4 Checklist for Feasibility Assessment and Definition of Scope
Summary Resilience is the ability of a system, community, or society exposed to hazards to resist, absorb, accommodate to, and recover from the effects of a hazard in a timely and efficient manner. Resilience in the context of cities translates into a new paradigm for urbanization, and forms base for a new understanding how to manage hazards and urban development. In the next decades, the major driver of the increasing damages and losses from disasters will be the growth of people and assets in harm's way, especially in urban areas. Often lacking resources, infrastructure, services and the capacity to manage the increase in population, small cities could face heavy losses of life and property due to disasters, unless proactive measures are mainstreamed into governance and planning. There is a critical need for a flexible and dynamic approach to building resilience that goes beyond risk mitigation. There are concrete ways to improve the decision-making process and making it more resilient. This report guides readers in finding ways to avoid the mistakes of the past and build resilience into urban development through critical investments and flexible risk management measures that stretch across sectors and jurisdictions all the way to communities and the most vulnerable. There are principles that can guide those who make decisions about public finances. One of these is investing in quality data on risk and in tools that facilitate the use of data across sectors and jurisdictions. Cities that are better able to define and communicate their risks do a better job of preparing for and managing the impacts of natural disasters in a complex and uncertain environment. There are concrete tools that can support preparation for decisions and their implementation. For example, integrating risk-based approaches into urban governance and planning processes can help national and municipal stakeholders to make complex decisions in a smarter, more forward-looking, and more sustainable way that increases resilience. Key economic sectors-especially water, energy, and transport systems-deserve particular attention. They are not only vital if cities and communities are to deal with a disaster and recover quickly, they are also sectors where careful investments-those that pay attention to the principles and make full use of the tools available-can make a real difference in people's lives
Notes Table 2.5 Incorporating Ecosystem Management into Land Use Planning
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Print version record
Subject City planning.
Disasters -- Economic aspects.
Emergency management.
Infrastructure (Economics) -- Planning.
Regional planning.
Urban policy.
Form Electronic book
Author Jha, Abhas Kumar, 1966-
Miner, Todd W.
Stanton-Geddes, Zuzana.
ISBN 0821398261 (electronic bk.)
9780821398265 (electronic bk.)