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Book Cover
E-book

Title Acute neuro care focused approach to neuroemergencies / Prasanna Udupi Bidkar, Ponniah Vanamoorthy, editors
Published Singapore : Springer, 2020
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Description 1 online resource (283 p.)
Contents Intro -- Foreword -- Preface -- Contents -- About the Editors -- Abbreviations -- 1: Airway and Breathing -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Rapid Airway Assessment -- 1.2.1 Need for Tracheal Intubation -- 1.2.2 Assessment of Airway for Difficult Ventilation and/or Intubation -- 1.3 Intubation in an Unconscious Patient -- 1.3.1 Step 1: Assess and Prepare -- 1.3.2 Step 2: Open and Maintain Patency of the Airway -- 1.3.3 Step 3: Preoxygenate for 3-5 min -- 1.3.4 Step 4: Administer Induction Agent and Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
1.3.5 Step 5: Blunting Laryngoscopic Response Before Intubation -- 1.3.6 Step 6: Tracheal Intubation -- 1.3.6.1 Nasotracheal or Orotracheal Intubation? -- 1.3.7 Step 7: Post-tracheal Intubation Care -- 1.4 Management of Difficult Airway -- 1.4.1 Basic Preparation for Difficult Airway Management -- 1.4.2 Ensure Adequate Facemask Ventilation -- 1.4.3 Improve the Chances of Successful Intubation -- 1.5 Airway Management in Specific Neurological Emergencies -- 1.5.1 Airway Management in Traumatic Head Injury -- 1.5.2 Airway Management in Cervical Spine Injury
1.5.3 Airway Management in Neuromuscular Weakness -- 1.5.4 Airway Management in Stroke -- 1.6 Summary -- Multiple Choice Question -- References -- 2: Approach to a Patient with Coma -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Coma -- 2.3 Vegetative State -- 2.4 Neurological Examination of the Comatose Patient -- 2.4.1 Respiratory Pattern -- 2.4.2 Pupillary Examination -- 2.4.3 Motor Examination -- 2.5 Causes of Coma -- 2.5.1 Conditions Which Mimic Coma -- 2.5.2 Approach to a Comatose Patient -- 2.5.3 Investigations -- 2.5.4 Laboratory Investigations -- 2.5.5 Radiological Examination
2.6 Treatment of Coma -- 2.6.1 Initial Management -- 2.6.2 Coma Cocktail -- 2.6.3 Outcome After Coma -- Multiple Choice Questions -- References -- 3: Focused Neurological Evaluation -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Focused Clinical History -- 3.3 General Survey and Clinical Examination -- 3.4 Focused Neurological Examination -- 3.4.1 Assessment of Level of Consciousness -- 3.4.2 Fundoscopy and Pupillary Response -- 3.4.3 Eye Movements -- 3.4.4 Meningism -- 3.4.5 Focal Neurological Deficits -- 3.5 Common Neurological Emergencies and Its Clinical Presentations
3.6 Focused Neurological Examination of the Spinal Cord and Neuromuscular Disorders -- 3.6.1 Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) -- 3.6.2 Acute Spastic Paralysis (Related to Spinal Cord) -- 3.6.3 Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) -- 3.7 Summary -- Multiple Choice Questions -- References -- 4: Neuropharmacology -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Antiepileptic Drugs -- 4.3 Sedatives and Analgesics -- 4.4 Neuromuscular Blocking Drugs -- 4.5 Intravenous Antihypertensive Agents -- 4.6 Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors in Myasthenia Gravis -- 4.7 Drugs Used in Stroke
Summary The book provides detailed information on all major neuroemergencies, and includes a detailed checklist for practical care during the first hour of an emergency. Reinforcing the concept of quality care for better outcomes in patients with neurological diseases, the book discusses approaches to comatose patients, neurological evaluation, neuropharmacology, neuroradiology, traumatic brain and spine injury, and various other neurological disorders. The field of neuroanesthesiology and neurocritical care has expanded with the advent of newer, complex surgeries, and neurocritical care is becoming an established subspecialty of neuroscience. Neurological emergencies require special care since prevention of secondary damage to the brain is of paramount importance. A valuable resource for intensivists, neurointensivists, emergency medicine physicians, neurology and neurosurgeons and nursing professionals involved in neurocare, this book also serves as study material for participants of the two-day course on "Acute Neuro Care" designed by the Indian Society of Neuroanesthesiology and Critical Care (ISNACC)
Notes 4.7.1 Drugs Used in Revascularization for Acute Ischemic Stroke
Description based upon print version of record
Subject Emergency Medicine -- methods.
Nervous System Diseases -- diagnostic imaging.
Nervous System Diseases -- therapy.
Encephalitis.
Status Epilepticus.
Stroke.
Neurological emergencies.
Accident & emergency medicine.
Anaesthetics.
Medical -- Anesthesiology.
Medical -- Emergency Medicine.
Medical -- Surgery -- Neurosurgery.
Neurological emergencies.
Neurosurgery.
Form Electronic book
Author Bidkar, Prasanna Udupi
Vanamoorthy, Ponniah
ISBN 9789811540714
9811540713