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Title The muscular ideal : psychological, social, and medical perspectives / edited by J. Kevin Thompson and Guy Cafri
Edition First edition
Published Washington, DC : American Psychological Association, [2007]
copyright 2007
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource ( x, 265pages)
Contents An overview of psychological and cultural research and theory / James Gray and Rebecca Ginsberg -- Muscularity and masculinity in America: a historical review / Lynne Luciano -- Size matters: connecting subculture to culture in bodybuilding / Alan Klein -- The drive for muscularity: description, psychometrics, and research findings / Donald McCreary -- Measurement of the muscular ideal / Guy Cafri and J. Kevin Thompson -- Muscle dysmorphia: characteristics, assessment and treatment / Roberto Olivardia -- Muscle enhancement substances and strategies / Michael Bahrke -- The prevention of anabolic steroid use among adolescents / Linn Goldberg and Dianne Elliot -- Cosmetic procedures to enhance body shape and muscularity / David Sarwer, Canice Crerand, and Lauren Gibbons -- Pursuit of muscularity among adolescents / Lina Ricciardelli and Marita McCabe -- A more muscular female body ideal / Amanda Gruber -- The muscular ideal: future directions and closing comments / Joan Crisler and Sam Cochran
Summary "In the past decade, societal and interpersonal pressures to attain a heightened level of muscular development have increased exponentially. This book is an attempt to coalesce recent developments into an organized framework to help guide theory, research, and practice in this intriguing area of investigation. In our review of physical and psychological factors associated with the pursuit of the muscular ideal (Cafri et al., 2005), we also provided a model of influences, many of which are examined in detail in different chapters in this book. In our model, pursuit of the muscular ideal is influenced by a variety of factors (e.g., biological, societal, psychological, sports participation). Additionally, this pursuit may drive the individual to engage in risky behaviors, such as the use of appearance- and performance-enhancing drugs or radical dieting strategies (e.g., carbohydrate depletion), to enhance muscularity. The chapters of this book examine in detail the themes and interrelationships outlined in this heuristic model, and we hope that future research will inform and expand on this initial framework. Within the broad chapter categories of coverage, it is possible to discern some central themes that this book examines, including: (a) the complexity of appearance ideals (in general) and the muscular ideal (in particular); (b) the role of history and social influences; (c) the need to rethink conventional measures of body image; (d) the importance of understanding biological and side effects of current (and potential) appearance- and performance-enhancing drugs; (e) the critical need for prevention and treatment methods for clinical disturbance (e.g., body dysmorphia, steroid abuse); and (f) the multiple influences (social, biological, psychological) that drive the pursuit of the muscular ideal. This book is for professionals and nonprofessionals who have an interest in body image disturbance or who work with individuals who may pursue the muscular ideal to the point of impairment (e.g., who seek drugs to augment the appearance or muscularity or show signs of muscle dysmorphia). The chapters are empirically based, and the authors include clear discussions of current research findings and future research avenues. Clinicians will find state-of-the-art guidelines for diagnosis of clinically relevant symptoms and treatment and intervention strategies for adolescents and adults"--Introduction. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Also issued in print
Subject Somatotypes.
Body image -- Social aspects.
Muscles -- Social aspects.
Physical fitness -- Social aspects.
Physical-appearance-based bias.
Body Image.
Physical Fitness.
Form Electronic book
Author Thompson, J. Kevin.
Cafri, Guy.
ISBN 9781591477921 print edition
1591477921 print edition