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Author Tang, Yang.

Title Atlas of emergency neurovascular imaging Yang Tang
Published Cham : Springer, 2020
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Description 1 online resource (158 p.)
Contents Intro -- Preface -- Contents -- Contributors -- 1: Acute Stroke Imaging -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Core, Penumbra, and Oligemia -- 1.3 Goal of Acute Stroke Imaging -- 1.4 CT-Based Imaging -- 1.4.1 NCCT -- 1.4.2 CT Angiography -- 1.4.3 Collateral Assessment -- 1.4.4 CT Perfusion -- 1.4.5 Limitation of CT Perfusion -- 1.5 MRI-Based Imaging -- 1.5.1 Strengths and Weaknesses of MRI in Acute Stroke Imaging -- 1.5.2 MRI Protocol -- References -- 2: Ischemic Stroke Vascular Territory -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Anterior Circulation -- 2.2.1 Internal Carotid Artery (ICA)
2.2.2 Middle Cerebral Artery (MCA) -- 2.2.3 Anterior Cerebral Artery (ACA) -- 2.3 Posterior Circulation -- 2.3.1 Vertebral Artery -- 2.3.2 Basilar Artery -- 2.3.3 Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery (AICA) and Superior Cerebellar Artery (SCA) -- 2.3.4 Posterior Cerebral Artery (PCA) -- 2.4 Border Zone Infarction -- References -- 3: Imaging of Stroke Mimics -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Seizure -- 3.3 Migraine -- 3.4 Tumor -- 3.5 Infection and Inflammation -- 3.6 MELAS (Mitochondrial Myopathy, Encephalopathy with Lactic Acidosis, and Stroke-Like Episodes)
3.7 Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) -- 3.8 Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE) -- 3.9 Hypoglycemic Encephalopathy -- 3.10 Hyperammonemic Encephalopathy -- 3.11 Wernicke's Encephalopathy -- 3.12 Osmotic Demyelination Syndrome (ODS) -- 3.13 Drug Toxicity -- 3.14 Cerebral Fat Embolism (CFE) -- References -- 4: Cerebrovenous Thrombosis -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Parenchymal Changes Associated with CVT -- 4.3 Identification of Venous Thrombosis -- 4.3.1 Non-contrast CT (NCCT) -- 4.3.2 CT Venogram -- 4.3.3 MRI -- 4.3.4 MR Venogram -- 4.4 Treatment -- References
5: Cerebral Vasculopathy: CNS Vasculitis, RCVS, and PRES -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 CNS Vasculitis -- 5.2.1 Secondary CNS Vasculitis -- 5.2.2 Imaging Modality of CNS Vasculitis -- 5.2.3 Primary Angiitis of CNS (PACNS) -- 5.3 RCVS -- 5.3.1 Definition of RCVS -- 5.3.2 Clinical Presentation -- 5.3.3 Conventional Imaging -- 5.3.4 MRI Vessel Wall Imaging of Cerebral Vasculopathy -- 5.3.5 Treatment -- 5.4 PRES -- References -- 6: Miscellaneous Cerebral Vasculopathy -- 6.1 Moyamoya Vasculopathy -- 6.2 Radiation-Induced Vasculopathy -- 6.3 Drug-Induced Cerebral Vasculopathy
6.4 Childhood Stroke and Arteriopathy -- 6.5 CADASIL -- 6.6 Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy -- References -- 7: Traumatic Neurovascular Injury -- 7.1 Mechanism and Pathophysiology -- 7.2 Screening Criteria -- 7.3 Screening Modality -- 7.4 BCVI Grading -- 7.5 Differential Diagnosis -- 7.6 Treatment and Follow-Up Imaging -- 7.7 Spontaneous Dissection -- 7.8 Traumatic Dural Sinus Injury -- References -- 8: Cerebral Aneurysm -- 8.1 Pathophysiology -- 8.2 Classification -- 8.2.1 Saccular Aneurysms -- 8.2.2 Fusiform and Dissecting Aneurysms -- 8.2.3 Dolichoectasia
Summary Ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes are common neurological emergencies. In recent years, endovascular intervention has become a standard of care in treating acute ischemic stroke, aneurysms, and vascular malformations. As a result, noninvasive CT- and MRI-based techniques have been increasingly used in emergency settings. In this context, neurovascular imaging has become an essential part of the curriculum for training emergency radiologists, stroke neurologists, and vascular neurosurgeons. This book provides a comprehensive review of the entire spectrum of emergent neurovascular imaging, with the emphasis on noninvasive CT angiography (CTA), MR angiography (MRA), and perfusion techniques. It is organized into 11 chapters. The first three chapters address the topics of acute stroke imaging, including algorithms based on recent clinical trials and updated American Heart Association stroke guideline, vascular territories, and stroke mimics. These are followed by discussions of cerebrovenous thrombosis, vasculopathies, aneurysms, and vascular malformations. Remaining chapters are devoted to the traumatic neurovascular injury, as well as the relatively rare albeit important topics of head and neck vascular emergencies and spinal vascular diseases. The book has an image-rich format, including more than 300 selected CT, MRI, or digital subtraction angiography (DSA) images. Atlas of Emergency Neurovascular Imaging is an essential resource for physicians and related professionals, residents, and fellows in emergency medicine, neuroradiology, emergency imaging, neurology, and vascular neurosurgery and can successfully serve as a primary learning tool or a quick reference guide
Notes 8.2.4 Blood-Blister Aneurysm
Description based upon print version of record
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Subject Diagnostic imaging.
Emergency management.
Neurovascular diseases -- Imaging
Diagnostic imaging.
Emergency management.
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 3030436543
9783030436544