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Book Cover
Author Labov, William.

Title The social stratification of English in New York City / William Labov
Edition Second edition
Published Cambridge [UK] ; New York : Cambridge University Press, [2006]
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (xii, 485 pages)
Contents Cover; Half-title; Title; Copyright; Contents; Introductory note to the first edition; Preface to the first edition; Preface to the second edition: forty years later; Part I Problems and methods of analysis; 1 The study of language in its social context; The study of linguistic structure; Some earlier restrictions on linguistic study; Some earlier studies of language in its social context; 2 First approach to the structure of New York City English; Results of the exploratory interviews; Resolution of the problem; The five phonological variables; The problem of stylistic variation
6 The survey of the Lower East SideThe selection of the area; Procedures of the MFY survey; A view of the Lower East Side; The ALS survey population; Selection of native speakers; The ALS sample population; The ALS television interview; Characteristics of the ALS respondents; Redefinition of "native speaker" and "New Yorker"; Class distribution of the ALS respondents; Ethnic distribution of the ALS respondents; Interviewing other members of the household; Summary of possible sources of error; Part II Social differentiation; 7 Class differentiation of the variables
Education of respondent as an independent variableOccupation of respondent as an independent variable; Occupation and education combined; Ethnic group as an independent variable; Relation of ethnic membership to (oh); Relations of ethnic groups to socio-economic class; Jewish and Italian differences for other variables; Comparison of men and women; Temporal relations of the variables; 9 Distribution of the variables in apparent time; Methods for the synchronic study of change; The relative stability of class patterns; The possible relations of apparent time and real time
Social class as a measure of social stratificationTwo approaches to social variation in language; The socio-economic class index; Class stratification of the five variables; The possible relations of class to language; The social structure of (r); The social structure of (th) and (dh); The deviant case of Nathan B.; The social structure of (æh); The social structure of (oh); The hypothesis of real deviation; Evidence of the out-of-town informants; Summary; 8 Further analysis of the variables; The logical ordering of the independent variables in time
The problem of social variation3 The social stratification of (r) in New York City department stores; The method; Overall stratification of (r); The effect of other independent variables; Differentiation by age of the informants; Some possible sources of error; Conclusion; 4 The isolation of contextual styles; The problem of casual speech; Channel cues for casual speech; The array of stylistic variation; The structure of stylistic variation; 5 The linguistic interview; The interview situation; The questionnaire; Interviewing several members of the household
Summary Second edition of William Labov's groundbreaking study, in which he looks back on forty years of achievements in sociolinguistics
Notes Originally published: Washington D.C. : Center for Applied Linguistics, 1966
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 462-472) and index
Notes Print version record
Subject English language -- Dialects -- New York (State) -- New York.
English language -- Social aspects -- New York (State) -- New York.
English language -- New York (State) -- New York.
Speech and social status -- New York (State) -- New York.
New York (N.Y.) -- Languages.
New York (N.Y.) -- Social conditions.
Form Electronic book
LC no. 2007273650
ISBN 0511333943
0511334605 (electronic bk.)
0511335180 (electronic bk.)
9780511334603 (electronic bk.)
9780511335181 (electronic bk.)