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Book Cover
Author Adams, John Q.

Title Exports, Politics, and Economic Development : Pakistan, 1970-1982
Published Milton : Routledge, 2019
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (274 pages)
Contents Cover; Half Title; Dedication; Title; Copyright; Contents; List of Tables; List of Figures; Abbreviations and Conversion Factors; Preface and Acknowledgements; Introduction; Part I: THE POLITICAL BASIS OF PAKISTAN'S ECONOMIC POLICY; Chapter 1: ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, POLICY, AND POLITICS, 1960 -- 1971; Economic Growth and Structural Change, 1960 -- 1971; Export Growth, 1960 -- 1971; Income Inequalities and Political Stresses; Chapter 2: POLITICS AND THE ECONOMY AFTER 1971; Early Economic Reforms of the PPP; Overall Economic Activity, 1971 -- 1977; The External Sector; The Fall of Bhutto
External Factors Affecting ExportsDomestic Policies and Export Performance; Movements in Sectoral Terms of Trade; Cost of Production and Productivity; Export Policy and Exports; Pressure of Domestic Demand and Exports; Conclusion; Chapter 7: AGRICULTURAL POLICY AND EXPORTS; Domestic Influences on Agricultural Production and Exports; Agricultural Prices, the sectoral Terms of Trade, and Relative Price Incentives; Governmental Policies and Income Distribution; International Factors Affecting Exports of Rice and Cotton; Conclusion; Chapter 8: COTTON TEXTILES EXPORTS
National Politics and the Cotton Manufactures Industry, 1960 -- 1982Production and Exports, 1970 -- 1982; Structural Changes in the Textile Sector; Cotton Textile Export Policy After 1970; Productivity and Pakistan's Export Position; The Impact of International Factors on Cotton Textile Exports; Pakistan and the Multi-Fiber Arrangement; Competitiveness of Cotton Textile Exports; Conclusion; Chapter 9: EXPORTS OF THE SMALL-SCALE SECTOR; Leather Goods; Footwear Industry; Sporting Goods; Carpets; Textile Manufactures; Engineering Goods; Conclusion
New Policies and the Economy, 1977 -- 1982Chapter 3: THE IMPACT OF EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL FACTORS ON PAKISTAN'S EXPORTS; External Factors: World Demand; Commercial Policies of Developed Countries; Relative Price Competitiveness; Exchange Rate Turbulence; Domestic Factors:; Internal Demand and Supply; Non-Price Competition; Conclusion; Chapter 4: ELITES, INTEREST GROUPS, AND THE FORMATION OF ECONOMIC POLICY; Interest Groups and Economic Policy Formation; Composition and Aims of Pakistan's Elites; Economic Policy and Interest Groups Before 1971; The Bhutto Era and New Interest Alignments
The Transition to Zia ul-HaqChapter 5: EXPORT POLICIES; Export Duties; Rebates; Import Duty Rebates; Sales Tax Rebates; Excise Duty Rebates; Export Subsidies; Corporate Income Tax Rebates; Credit Facilities to Exporters; PAYE (Pay As You Earn) Scheme; Import Facilities; Impact of the Export Incentive Schemes; PART II: THE GROWTH, COMPOSITION, AND DIRECTION OF PAKISTAN'S EXPORTS; Chapter 6: THE CHANGING PATTERN OF PAKISTAN'S FOREIGN TRADE AND ITS DETERMINANTS; Growth and Composition of Exports; Direction of Exports; Pakistan's Exports and world Export Growth
Summary During the 1970s, Pakistan's export policies went through two major transformations as a result of realignments among its internal interest groups, bringing about significant changes in export composition and performance. As leader of a coalition of labor, small business, and other mass interests, President Z.A. Bhutto
Print version record
Subject Exports -- Pakistan
Pressure groups -- Pakistan
Economic history.
Pressure groups.
Pakistan -- Commerce
Pakistan -- Economic conditions.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 0429050186