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Book Cover
Book
Author Collins, Steven W. (Steven Wayne), 1960-

Title The race to commercialize biotechnology : molecules, markets, and the state in the United States and Japan / Steven W. Collins
Published London ; New York : RoutledgeCurzon, 2004

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Location Call no. Vol. Availability
 WATERFT BUSINESS  338.476606 Col/Rtc  AVAILABLE
Description xvi, 191 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Series The Nissan Institute/RoutledgeCurzon Japanese studies series
Nissan Institute/Routledge Japanese studies series.
Nissan Institute/RoutledgeCurzon Japanese studies series.
Contents Machine derived contents note: Table Of Contents -- Chapter 1 Introduction 1 -- The Approach 11 -- National Innovation Systems And -- Biotechnology 18 -- The Market For Biotechnology -- Products 26 -- A Road Map 31 -- References 35 -- Chapter 2 Firms, Technological Regimes, And -- National Innovation Systems 44 -- Introduction 44 -- The Firm As Innovator 47 -- Technological Regimes And Trajectories 53 -- Biotechnology And The National -- Innovation System 66 -- Putting It All Together 72 -- References 77 -- Chapter 3 Biotechnology And National Innovation Systems -- In The Us And Japan 84 -- Industry 84 -- The United States 85 -- Small Companies 86 -- Large Companies 95 -- Japan 98 -- Research Infrastructure 112 -- The United States 113 -- Japan 131 -- Public Policy 152 -- The United States 152 -- Japan 161 -- Conclusions 176 -- References 182 -- Chapter 4 The Emergence Of Commercial Biotechnology -- In The Us 208 -- Introduction 208 -- Institutional Formation And Knowledge Creation -- (1930s-1976) 212 -- The Players 214 -- Building the Knowledge Base 226 -- Regulation: The Final Hurdle 235 -- Knowledge Enhancement (1976-1983) 242 -- The NIS Made Ready 242 -- The DBC and the American NIS 256 -- COMMERCIAL TAKE-OFF (1983-1990s) 261 -- Just Another Industry? 262 -- Public Policy to the Rescue 266 -- Biotechnology Firms Approach Maturity 280 -- Conclusions 288 -- References 294 -- Chapter 5 The Emergence Of Commercial Biotechnology -- In Japan 308 -- Introduction 308 -- The Origins Of Japan'S Bioindustry: 1920-1980 312 -- Industrial Fermentation and Japan's Traditional Industries 313 -- The Emergence of Modern Biochemical Process Technology 319 -- Rumblings in the Laboratory 324 -- Biotechnology Fever Hits Japan (1980-1985) 332 -- Barriers to Commercializing New Biotechnology 332 -- The Public Policy Response 336 -- Commercial Take-off and the Consequences of -- Government Policy 340 -- From Bio-Boom To Bio-Reality: Alliances Strategies -- And The Shift To Basic Research (1985-Present) 346 -- Changes in Industry 348 -- Changes in Public Policies 355 -- Conclusions 362 -- Endnotes 369 -- Chapter 6 Conclusions 385 -- Summary 385 -- Biotechnology In The Us And Japan 391 -- Concluding Thoughts 396 -- References 403 -- List Of Figures And Tables -- Figure -- 1.1 Trend in Revenues and Number of Employees of US -- Biotechnology Firms 32 -- 1.2 Biotechnology Product Sales in Japan by Type -- of Product 33 -- 2.1 National Innovation System in Biotechnology 76 -- 3.1 Japanese Government Budget for Biotechnology -- (by Ministry) 181 -- 4.1 Trend in Federal Outlays for the Conduct of Research and Development -- at the National Institutes of Health 291 -- 4.2 Trend in Growth of R&D Budgets for the National Institutes of Health -- Department of Defense, and National Aeronautics and Space -- Administration 292 -- 4.3 Strategic Alliances in Biotechnology Involving at Least -- One US Firm 293 -- 5.1 Strategic Alliances in Biotechnology Involving at Least One -- Japanese Firm 368 -- Table -- 1.1 Comparative Market Data for Products Incorporating Biotechnology -- Base Technologies (in billions of yen) 34 -- 5.1A Comparison of Conditions in Government Laboratories at the Beginning -- of the 1980s 367 -- 5.1B Conditions in Five Leading Private Firms at the Beginning -- of the 1980s 367 -- 6.1 Comparison of US and Japanese National Innovation Systems -- in Biotechnology 401 -- 6.2 Comparison of National Innovation Systems in the US and Japan with -- Respect to the Regime Characteristics of Biotechnology 402
Summary "Written in an accessible style, The Race to Commercialize Biotechnology is designed for those with research interests in Asian Studies, Public Policy and Comparative Politics as well as Science and Technology."--Book jacket
Notes Formerly CIP. Uk
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Subject Biotechnology industries -- Japan.
Biotechnology industries -- United States.
Pharmaceutical biotechnology industry -- Japan.
Pharmaceutical biotechnology industry -- United States.
Pharmaceutical industry -- Japan.
Pharmaceutical industry -- United States.
Biotechnology -- economics.
Genetic Techniques -- history.
Biotechnology -- history.
Biotechnology -- legislation & jurisprudence.
Public Policy.
Technology Transfer.
Japan.
United States.
LC no. 2003015381
ISBN 0415283396 hardcover : cover