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Author Vel, Jacqueline, 1958-

Title Uma Politics : an Ethnography of Democratization in West Sumba, Indonesia, 1986-2006 / Jacqueline A.C. Vel
Published Leiden : KITLV Press, 2008
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Description 1 online resource (xvii, 277 pages) : illustrations, map
Series Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, 1572-1892 ; 260
Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ; 260
Contents I. Introduction -- Sumbanese election campaign -- Making democracy work -- Outline and arguments -- Sumba in Indonesian context -- Neo-patrimonialism in a democratic state -- Widening world of the local elite -- State, power and the forms of capital -- Tradition and authority -- Space and time -- Individuals and networks -- Political class -- Uma economy and Uma politics -- II. Sumba and the state -- Sumba: geography and subsistence -- Population -- History of state formation on Sumba -- State and Sumbanese Christianity -- State as career: Umbu Djima and the forms of capital -- The state as bureaucratic procedures -- The state as economic sector -- Social cleavage -- III. Tradition, leadership and power -- Traditional cultural capital -- Ethnicity and traditional political organization -- Traditional leadership -- Legitimacy and adat -- Traditional concepts of power -- Power resources -- Village
IV. Legal pluralism and village politics -- Village politics -- Legal pluralism -- Forms of capital -- Adat in Lawonda -- The state in the village -- The Christian church in Lawonda -- The development organisation -- Umbu Hapi versus Pak Vincent -- Clash of paradigms or legal pluralism -- Village justice in West Sumba in 2004-- V. Regime change and democratization -- Democracy and constitutional liberalism -- Demands of Reformasi -- Changing local regime -- Uncertainty after May -- Capital town -- VI. Violence in Waikabubak -- Explaining communal violence -- Preparation: master narratives, previous antagonisms and crisis discourse -- Narrative one: clan rivalries -- Narrative two: violence, warfare and violent rituals in West Sumba -- Narrative three: local political rivalry -- Narrative four: national crisis discourse -- Trigger incident -- Transformation into communal conflict -- Elevation into a wider discourse -- The aftermath -- Explanation and interpretation -- Explanation one: criminal incident -- Explanation two: part of local elite's political struggle -- Explanation three: part of long series of endemic riots -- Waikabubak as case of 'post-Suharto violence in Indonesia' -- Consequences for the 1999 bupati elections
VII. Growing political public -- International development aid for political reform -- Civil society on Sumba -- Adat revival -- In touch with the rest of the world -- Radio and newspapers -- Voices of the political public -- Small town -- VIII. Creating a new district -- Decentralisation and pemekaran -- Economic stakes -- Historical arguments for pemekeran -- Cultural and religious arguments -- Rhetoric and theatre -- Social forces behind pemekaran -- Overseas Sumbanese -- Local campaign leaders -- Well-educated but unemployed youths -- Women -- Campaigning for Central Sumba -- IX. Elections -- Local election experience -- Democratic elections in -- Parliament elections in -- Presidential elections -- Pilkada -- West Sumba's pilkada candidates -- Umbu Bintang: the performing prince -- Election rally in Kabunduk, Central Sumba -- Symbols, rhetoric and 'the angry man' -- Pote Leba: the intellectual bureaucrat -- Golkar, bureaucrats and businessmen -- The result -- X. Conclusions -- The local context -- Capital and leadership -- Political identity -- Political class, political public and the tani class -- Democratization and Uma politics
Summary "Democracy cannot be implemented overnight. Democratization is an often unpredictable process. This book concentrates on that political transformation in one of Indonesia's most 'traditional' islands, Sumba. Why does democratization create such great opportunities for local politicians with their private agenda's? Why does regional autonomy, as part of the national democratization program, promote socio-economic inequality in West Sumba? This book is written out of an intimate knowledge of Sumba's social groupings. Jacqueline Vel lived in Sumba as a development worker for six years in the 1980s and has made frequent return visits for further research since then. She studied every stage of 'transition to democracy' in the local context, thus creating this ethnography of democratization. The book analyses themes apparent in a series of chronological events that occurred over a period of twenty years (1986-2006). Uma Politics is the sequel of Vel's dissertation The Uma Economy, and the title refers to the uniquely Sumbanese type of network politics. The author brings together tradition with the modern economy, government and politics into an evolving, dynamic concept of political culture. Jacqueline Vel is researcher at the Van Vollenhoven Institute of law, governance and development at Leiden University. Part of the research for this book was for the Modern Indonesia Project of KITLV in Leiden and sponsored by a research fellowship of the IIAS. She is currently involved in research on land law, access to justice, and socio-legal aspects of biofuel production in Indonesia"--Publisher's description
Analysis Democratization
Local government
Political change
Political culture
Political elite
Politics
Regional autonomy
Indonesia
Nusa Tenggara Timur
Sumba Barat
Notes Directory of Open Access Books: DOAB
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 257-269) and index
Notes English
Print version record
Subject Democratization -- Indonesia -- Sumba Barat.
Political culture -- Indonesia -- Sumba Barat.
Sumbanese (Indonesian people) -- Politics and government.
Sumba Barat (Indonesia) -- Politics and government.
Sumba Barat (Indonesia) -- Social conditions -- 21st century.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9004253920 (electronic bk.)
9789004253926 (electronic bk.)