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E-book

Title The immunological barriers to regenerative medicine / Paul J. Fairchild, editor
Published New York : Humana Press, [2013]
©2013
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource
Series Stem cell biology and regenerative medicine
Stem cell biology and regenerative medicine.
Contents Mechanisms of Immune Rejection of Stem Cell-Derived Tissues: Insights from Organ Transplantation -- The Immunogenicity of ES Cells and their Progeny -- Interaction of Embryonic Stem Cells with the Immune System -- The Role of NK cells and T Cells in the Rejection of Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Tissues -- Mitigating the Risks of Immunogenicity in the Pursuit of Induced Pluripotency -- Thymic Involution: A Barrier or Opportunity for Cell Replacement Therapy? -- Construction of Stem Cell Banks: Prospects for Tissue Matching -- Generation of Histocompatible Tissues via Parthenogenesis -- Prospects for Designing 'Universal' Stem Cell Lines -- The Immunosuppressive Properties of Adult Stem Cells: MSC as a Case Study -- The Immunogenicity of Stem Cells and Thymus-Based Strategies to Minimise Immune Rejection -- The Induction of Mixed Chimerism Using ES Cell-Derived Hematopoietic Stem Cells -- Prospects for the Induction of Transplant Tolerance Using Dendritic Cells -- Strategies for the Induction of Tolerance with Monoclonal Antibodies -- Induction of Immunological Tolerance to Transgene Products -- Addressing the Challenge of Autoimmunity in the Treatment of Diabetes with Stem Cells
Summary Recent years have witnessed numerous advances in stem cell research that have suggested novel strategies for the treatment of the chronic and regenerative diseases that pose a growing challenge to the provision of healthcare in the 21st century. Nevertheless, there is little doubt that related disciplines have failed to keep pace with such developments, of which the immunology of transplant rejection is perhaps the most relevant to the nascent field of regenerative medicine. Indeed, given that after decades of research into the mechanisms of organ allograft rejection, we remain wholly dependent on immune suppression to ensure acceptance of foreign tissues, we might legitimately ask whether there is any reason why tissues differentiated from stem cells might not suffer the same fate. This volume seeks to address this issue by drawing on the principles of alloantigen recognition to assess the validity of early convictions that embryonic stem cell-derived tissues may prove invisible to the immune system of the host and the more recent belief that induced pluripotent stem cells, derived in a fully autologous manner, will circumvent the issue of immunogenicity. Having debunked such assumptions and established the magnitude of the immunological barriers to be overcome, this book then draws on the expertise of internationally-recognised laboratories around the world to provide a critical assessment of the likely success of applying strategies such as stem cell banking, silencing of genes that confer immunogenicity, and the induction of transplantation tolerance to overcoming the immunological barriers in the future. Indeed, it is only through reaching a consensus in the field that enduring solutions to such an intractable problem may ultimately emerge
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Online resource; title from digital title page (viewed Nov. 26, 2012)
Subject Stem cells -- Immunology.
Stem cells -- Transplantation -- Immunological aspects.
Regenerative medicine.
Form Electronic book
Author Fairchild, Paul J., editor
LC no. 2012949072
ISBN 9781461454809 (electronic bk.)
1461454808 (electronic bk.)
9781461454793 (print)
1461454794 (print)