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Author Majtényi, Balázs, author

Title A contemporary history of exclusion : the Roma issue in Hungary from 1945 to 2015 / Balázs Majtényi and György Majtényi
Published Budapest : CEU Press/Central European University Press, [2016]
©2016
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Description 1 online resource (vii, 242 pages) : illustrations
Contents Introduction -- Contexts of Gypsy/Roma identity and history ; On the sources of Gypsy/Roma history ; Who (what) is (was) Hungarian or Gypsy/Roma? -- "Comrades, If You Have a Heart ..." The History of the Gypsy Issue, 1945-1961 -- The construction and spread of the state socialist system ; Policy and Gypsies ; Modernization and Gypsy communities ; Disciplinary state ; The impossibility of self-organization ; Minority issue ; Discourses on social policy and equality -- "Life Goes On ..." The Hungarian Party-State and Assimilation -- Social policy and the Gypsies ; Wage work ; Housing ; Social system ; Education ; Scientific approaches ; Gypsy images ; The transformation of discourse ; Disciplinary power, disciplinary society ; Police and agents ; "Health supervisors" ; The national minority issue ; National movement ; The "ethnic interpretation" of history -- Roma Policy after the Regime Change -- Minority issue ; Prospects for multiculturalism ; Minority (self- )government? ; Divide at Impera : the opportunities and impossibilities of self-organization ; Movement ; National minority culture, national culture ; Questions of equal treatment and equal opportunity ; Anti-discrimination ; Equal opportunity ; Roma programs ; Education ; Employment ; Social policy and the Roma ; Aid ; Segregation ; Disciplinary society ; The transformation of discourses ; Research methods -- Panopticon : Roma Policy, 2010-2015 -- The Hungarian National Cooperation System ; The anti-egalitarian character of the system ; Changing minority legislation ; New social policy? ; Violence ; The shift -- Summary: Decades of exclusion
Summary This study presents the changing situation of the Roma in the 2nd half of the 20th century. It examines the effects of the policies of the Hungarian state towards minorities by analyzing legal regulations, policy documents, archival sources and sociological surveys. The authors repudiate common stereotypes such as criminality, parasitism, unrootedness and alike. Richly illustrated with photos and other personal sources, A Contemporary History of Exclusion offers theoretical background to one of the most burning issues in east Europe. In the first phase (1945-61), the authors show the efforts of forced assimilation by the communist state. The second phase (1961-89) began with the party resolution denying nationality status to the Roma. The prevailing thought was that Gypsy culture was a culture of poverty that must be eliminated. Forced assimilation through labor activities continued. The Roma adapted to new conditions while keeping their distinct identity. In the 1970s Roma intellectuals began an emancipatory movement, and its legacy can still be felt. Although the third phase (1989-2010) brought about some freedoms and rights for the Roma - with large sums spent on various Roma-related programs. Despite these efforts, the situation on the ground did not improve. Segregation and marginalization continues, and is rampant. The authors powerfully conclude: while the Roma have become part of the political community, they are still quite separate from national society
Notes "The first version of this volume was published in 2012 under the title The Gypsy Issue in Hungary, 1945-2010 (Cigánykérdés Magyarországon, 1945-2010)"--Acknowledgments
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record and online resource (JSTOR, viewed November 16, 2016)
Subject Marginality, Social -- Hungary.
Minorities -- Government policy -- Hungary.
Romanies -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- Hungary.
Romanies -- Hungary -- Social conditions.
Romanies -- Hungary.
Hungary -- Ethnic relations.
Hungary -- Social policy.
Form Electronic book
Author Majtényi, György, author
ISBN 9633861462 (electronic bk.)
9789633861462 (electronic bk.)
(hardbound ;) (alkaline paper)
(hardbound ;) (alkaline paper)
Other Titles Cigánykérdés Magyarországon, 1945-2010. English