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Title Substance abuse, habitual behavior, and self-control / edited by Peter K. Levison
Published London : Routledge, 2019
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Contents Cover; Half Title; Series Page; Title; Copyright; Contents; About the Editor and Authors; Introduction; 1 Self-Control: The Role of Environmental and Self-Generated Cues; Introduction; External Stimuli Involved in Self-Regulation and Controlled Use; Social Controls; Immediate Environmental Cues; Internal and Self-Produced Stimuli Involved in Self-Regulation and Controlled Use; Procedures to Increase Self-Control; Cognitive Factors in Self-Control; Mobilizing Behavior Changes to Improve Self-Control; Conclusions; References
2 Maintenance of Behavior by ""Schedules"": An Unfamiliar Contributor to the Maintenance of the Abuse of Substances and the LikeIntroduction; Common Features of Abuses; Commonalities; An Unfamiliar Influence on Behavioral Activities: Schedule Effects; The Beginnings; Schedules; Responding Under FI as ""Irrational"" Behavior; FR; IRT; Shock-Maintained Responding; On the Nature of Explanations; Limits of Intuition; Congruences Between Substance Abuse and Habitual Behaviors and Schedule-Controlled Behaviors; Back to the Beginning; Modifiability of Schedule-Controlled Responding
Concentration Shift StudiesPossible Pharmacological Aspects of the Feedback Signal; Summary and Conclusion; References; 5 The Intimate Contest for Self-Command; Introduction; The Non-Self-Governing Consumer; The Art of Self-Management; Stark Cases; Management Skills or Moral Fiber; Some Distinguishing Characteristics; The Size of the Problem; Some Tactics of Control; Further Readings
Further Properties of Schedule-Controlled RespondingConclusion; 3 Excessive Behavior and Drug-Taking: Environmental Generation and Self-Control; Introduction; The Generation of a Simple Excess; Adjunctive Behavior as a Prototype of Behavioral Excess; Schedule-Induced Drug-Taking; The Function of Adjunctive Behavior; Self and Self-Control of Excess; Explaining Extreme Behavior: A Historical View; Concluding Remarks; References; 4 A Control System Approach to Alcohol Intake; Introduction; An Ethanol Intake Control System Model; Induced Changes in Liquid Consumption; Injection Studies
Summary This collection of original essays by members of the National Academy of Sciences' Committee on Substance Abuse and Habitual Behavior offers innovative perspectives on self-control over the use of habituating substances and related types of behavior. The authors review the powerful social-psychological influences of normative rules and interpersonal circumstances in developing individual capacities for self-control in, for example, the use of heroin. They also look at experimental contingencies under which animals engage in self-harming behavior; the induction of exaggerated consumption behavior, such as massive fluid drinking by laboratory rats; and studies of environmental and genetic influences on neurophysiological sensitivity to and preference for alcohol in laboratory mouse strains. The concluding chapter presents an unorthodox perspective on ways of self-governing the consumption of cigarettes and other substances, recognizing the peculiarities of the processes of human choice. In his introduction, volume editor Peter Levison contrasts the diverse approaches reflected in the book with the common-sense notion of self-control
Notes Peter K. Levison, study director of the Committee on Substance Abuse and Habitual Behavior of the National Research Council, has primary research interests in the experimental analysis of behavior, especially the effects of drugs, psycho-therapy, and modifications in the environment. Currently he is a visiting research psychologist at the Walter Reed Institutes for Research. He is editor of several NRC reports on controlled-substance use and reduced tar and nicotine cigarettes
Online resource; title from PDF title page (EBSCO, viewed July 19, 2019)
Subject Behavior modification -- Congresses
Habit -- Congresses
Self-control -- Congresses
Substance abuse -- Treatment -- Congresses
Behavior modification.
Habit.
SOCIAL SCIENCE / General
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Sociology / General
Self-control.
Substance abuse -- Treatment.
Genre/Form Conference papers and proceedings.
Form Electronic book
Author Levison, Peter K., editor
American Association for the Advancement of Science. National Meeting (1979 : Houston, Tex.)
American Association for the Advancement of Science. Section J--Psychology
American Association for the Advancement of Science. Section K--Social, Economics, and Political Sciences
ISBN 0429307896
1000241661
1000277607
1000313549
9780429307898
9781000241662
9781000277609
9781000313543