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Food -- Viruses. : Viruses in foods / edited by Sagar M. Goyal  2006 1
 

Viruses, Fowl Plague -- See Influenza A virus


The type species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS A that causes influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. Antigenic variation occurs frequently between strains, allowing classification into subtypes and variants. Transmission is usually by aerosol (human and most non-aquatic hosts) or waterborne (ducks). Infected birds shed the virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces
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Viruses, Fungal -- See Fungal viruses


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Viruses Genetic engineering -- See Recombinant viruses


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Viruses Genetics -- See Viral genetics


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Viruses -- genetics.   12
Viruses -- growth & development. : Viruses as complex adaptive systems / Ricard SolĂ© and Santiago F. Elena  2019 1
 

Viruses, H1N1 -- See Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype


A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918
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Viruses, H5N1 -- See Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype


A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported
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Viruses, Hendra -- See Hendra Virus


A species of HENIPAVIRUS first identified in Australia in 1994 in HORSES and transmitted to humans. The natural host appears to be fruit bats (PTEROPUS)
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Viruses, Hepatitis -- See Hepatitis Viruses


Any of the viruses that cause inflammation of the liver. They include both DNA and RNA viruses as well viruses from humans and animals
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viruses, Hepatitis B -- See Hepatitis B virus


The type species of the genus ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS which causes human HEPATITIS B and is also apparently a causal agent in human HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA. The Dane particle is an intact hepatitis virion, named after its discoverer. Non-infectious spherical and tubular particles are also seen in the serum
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Viruses, Herpes Labialis -- See Simplexvirus


A genus of the family HERPESVIRIDAE, subfamily ALPHAHERPESVIRINAE, consisting of herpes simplex-like viruses. The type species is HERPESVIRUS 1, HUMAN
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Viruses, Human Immunodeficiency -- See HIV


Human immunodeficiency virus. A non-taxonomic and historical term referring to any of two species, specifically HIV-1 and/or HIV-2. Prior to 1986, this was called human T-lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV). From 1986-1990, it was an official species called HIV. Since 1991, HIV was no longer considered an official species name; the two species were designated HIV-1 and HIV-2
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Viruses, Human Papilloma -- See Papillomaviridae


A family of small, non-enveloped DNA viruses infecting birds and most mammals, especially humans. They are grouped into multiple genera, but the viruses are highly host-species specific and tissue-restricted. They are commonly divided into hundreds of papillomavirus "types", each with specific gene function and gene control regions, despite sequence homology. Human papillomaviruses are found in the genera ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; BETAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; GAMMAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; and MUPAPILLOMAVIRUS
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Viruses, Human Papillomavirus -- See Papillomaviridae


A family of small, non-enveloped DNA viruses infecting birds and most mammals, especially humans. They are grouped into multiple genera, but the viruses are highly host-species specific and tissue-restricted. They are commonly divided into hundreds of papillomavirus "types", each with specific gene function and gene control regions, despite sequence homology. Human papillomaviruses are found in the genera ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; BETAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; GAMMAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; and MUPAPILLOMAVIRUS
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Viruses Identification -- See Also Diagnostic virology


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Viruses -- Identification.   3
Viruses -- immunology.   3
Viruses -- immunology -- Periodicals : Viral immunology (Online)    1
Viruses in motion pictures.   4
Viruses -- Indexes. : The Springer index of viruses / edited by Christian Tidona, Gholamreza Darai  2012 1
 

Viruses, Insect -- See Insect Viruses


Viruses infecting insects, the largest family being BACULOVIRIDAE
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Insects -- Viruses.   3
Viruses -- isolation & purification.   2
Viruses -- Juvenile fiction.   3
 

Viruses, Leukemogenic -- See Retroviridae


Family of RNA viruses that infects birds and mammals and encodes the enzyme reverse transcriptase. The family contains seven genera: DELTARETROVIRUS; LENTIVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE B, MAMMALIAN; ALPHARETROVIRUS; GAMMARETROVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE D; and SPUMAVIRUS. A key feature of retrovirus biology is the synthesis of a DNA copy of the genome which is integrated into cellular DNA. After integration it is sometimes not expressed but maintained in a latent state (PROVIRUSES)
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Viruses, Lymphadenopathy-Associated -- See HIV


Human immunodeficiency virus. A non-taxonomic and historical term referring to any of two species, specifically HIV-1 and/or HIV-2. Prior to 1986, this was called human T-lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV). From 1986-1990, it was an official species called HIV. Since 1991, HIV was no longer considered an official species name; the two species were designated HIV-1 and HIV-2
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Viruses, Marburg -- See Marburgvirus


A genus in the family FILOVIRIDAE consisting of one species (Lake Victoria marburgvirus) with several strains. The genus shows no antigenic cross-reactivity with EBOLAVIRUS
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Viruses, Marmoset Hepatitis -- See Hepatitis Viruses


Any of the viruses that cause inflammation of the liver. They include both DNA and RNA viruses as well viruses from humans and animals
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Viruses Molecular aspects -- See Molecular virology


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Viruses -- Morphology.   7
 

Viruses, Nipah -- See Nipah Virus


A species of HENIPAVIRUS, closely related to HENDRA VIRUS, which emerged in Peninsular Malaysia in 1998. It causes a severe febrile VIRAL ENCEPHALITIS in humans and also encephalitis and RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS in pigs. Fruit bats (PTEROPUS) are the natural host
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Viruses -- Nomenclature. : Virus taxonomy : classification and nomenclature of viruses : ninth report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses / editors, Andrew M.Q. King ... [and others]  2012 1
 

Viruses, Oncogenic -- See Oncogenic Viruses


Viruses that produce tumors
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Viruses, Oncolytic -- See Oncolytic Viruses


Tumor-selective, replication competent VIRUSES that have antineoplastic effects. This is achieved by producing cytotoxicity-enhancing proteins and/or eliciting an antitumor immune response. They are genetically engineered so that they can replicate in CANCER cells but not in normal cells, and are used in ONCOLYTIC VIROTHERAPY
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Parasitoids -- Viruses. : Parasitoid viruses : symbionts and pathogens / edited by Nancy E. Beckage, Jean-Michel Drezen  2012 1
Viruses -- pathogenicity.   9
Viruses -- Periodicals   9
 

Viruses physiology -- See Virus Physiological Phenomena


Biological properties, processes, and activities of VIRUSES, including the interactions with the cells they infect
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Viruses -- Physiology. : Cell entry by non-enveloped viruses / John E. Johnson, editor  2010 1
 

Viruses, Plant -- See Plant Viruses


Viruses parasitic on plants
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Viruses -- Popular works.   2
 

Viruses Receptors -- See Also the narrower term CD4 antigen


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Viruses -- Reproduction.   8
Viruses -- Reproduction -- Congresses. : The molecular basis of viral replication / edited by R. Perez-Bercoff  1987 1
Viruses -- Research.   6
Viruses -- Research -- History. : The invisible invaders : the story of the emerging age of viruses / by Peter Radetsky  1991 1
Viruses -- Research -- Periodicals   2
 

Viruses, Respiratory Syncytial -- See Respiratory Syncytial Viruses


A group of viruses in the PNEUMOVIRUS genus causing respiratory infections in various mammals. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have also been reported
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