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Author Copeland, Tom, 1950-

Title The Centralia tragedy of 1919 : Elmer Smith and the Wobblies / Tom Copeland ; introduction by Albert F. Gunns
Published Seattle : University of Washington Press, [1993]
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Description 1 online resource (xv, 233 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates) : illustrations
Contents Prologue: The determined advocate -- "I'm looking for trouble" -- Timber beasts and soldiers -- Lawlessness leads to bloodshed -- The essence of law and order -- On the prisoners' bench -- Lest we forget -- The kicking jackass -- Acid in a Wobbly shoe -- Get Thomas Jefferson -- The lumberjack and the mule -- The spirit of persecution -- The conscience of the legion -- "I have a feeling of being optimistic" -- Epilogue: The light at the end of the tunnel
Summary On November 11, 1919, the citizens of Centralia, Washington, gathered to watch former servicemen, local Boy Scouts, and other community groups march in the Armistice Day parade. When the marchers swung past the meeting hall of the Industrial Workers of the World, a group of veterans broke ranks, charged the hall, and were met by gunshots. Before the day was over, four of the marchers were dead and one of the Wobblies had been lynched by the mob. Through a wealth of newly available primary source material including previously sealed court documents, FBI records released under the Freedom of Information Act, and interviews with surviving witnesses, Tom Copeland has pieced together the events of that day and has traced the fate of the men who were accused and convicted of murdering the marchers. Copeland focuses on Elmer Smith, the local attorney who advised the Wobblies that they had the right to defend their hall against an anticipated attack. Although he never belonged to the I.W.W., Smith sympathized with their interests, championing the rights of working people and speaking on their behalf. He was originally arrested with the Wobblies and then took up their cause in the courts, beginning a life-long struggle to free the men who were charged with murdering the Centralia marchers. The fight lasted for fourteen years, during which Smith endured insults, threats, arrest, disbarment, and reinstatement. Copeland recounts Smith's run for political office, his speeches throughout the Northwest, and his unyielding support for the workers' cause. In 1932 he died at the age of forty-four. The book is a balanced treatment of the Centralia tragedy and its legal repercussions written by a practicing lawyer. It is also a compelling human drama, centering on the marginal life of an industrial frontier labor lawyer; a study of radical politics of the 1920s; and a depiction of conditions of life in the lumber camps and towns. It is thus biography as well as legal, political, and social history
Analysis Murder Trials History
Washington (State)
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 219-226) and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Smith, Elmer.
Industrial Workers of the World -- History.
Lawyers -- Washington (State) -- Biography.
Riots -- Washington (State) -- Centralia -- History.
Trials (Murder) -- Washington (State)
Trials (Riots) -- Washington (State)
Genre/Form Biography.
Form Electronic book
LC no. 93013453
ISBN 0295800674 (electronic bk.)
9780295800677 (electronic bk.)