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Book Cover
Author Bernard, Sara

Title Deutsch Marks in the Head, Shovel in the Hands and Yugoslavia in the Heart The Gastarbeiter Return to Yugoslavia (1965-1991)
Published Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz Verlag, 2019
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Description 1 online resource (312 p.)
Series Studien zur Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte Ostmitteleuropas ; v.28
Frankfurter Studien zur Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte Ostmitteleuropas
Contents Cover; Title Pages; Table of Contents; Maps, Illustrations and figures; Acknowledgments; Introduction; Research questions and thematic focuses; The contribution of this study to the academic debate on Gastarbeiter migration from Yugoslav regions; Development and transnationalism; Oil shocks, European integration and self-management; Gastarbeiter migration from and to socialist Yugoslavia: figures onparticipation by region and by social groups; Controversies about numbers and definitions of Yugoslav Gastarbeiter return; Serbia proper in focus; Primary sources; Structure
Part One: Return Migration and Strategies of DevelopmentChapter One: Market Reforms and Temporary Employment Abroad: The New Paradigm of Yugoslav Development 1965-1974; From post-war to Cold War: shifts in Yugoslav development strategies; The legalisation and spread of employment abroad: economic reforms andunemployment among peasant workers; The surge in temporary employment abroad: debates and criticism; The reforms of self-management in migration policies; Divergences between the central apparatus and local cadres
The OECD's experimental project for the reintegration of migrant workersand the criticisms advanced by sending countriesYugoslav relations with the EEC and Yugoslavia's involvement in the OECD network on migration. The German and the Dutch agreement proposals; The Programme for the gradual return of Yugoslav workers temporarily employed abroad and their employment in the country; The legal framework of the reintegration programme: the 1976 Reform of Associated Labour; Chapter Three: The Implementation of the Yugoslav Reintegration Programme 1976-1979
The registration of Yugoslav migrant workers as jobseekers in YugoslaviaThe reform of private landownership and small-scale business: the models of Slovenia and Serbia proper; The ideological weakness of Yugoslav (re)integration: the peasant question in the context of the Gastarbeiter question; International cooperation on return migration: the second phase; Negotiations with the Netherlands and West Germany; The request for the recentralisation of development aid and the crisis of domestic cooperation on development
The republics' struggle over remittances and the financing of thedevelopment of the underdeveloped regionsThe halt on recruitment, the 1974 Constitution, and the domestic debate onnew priorities in migration policies; Chapter Two: The Establishment of International Cooperation on Return Migration and Development and the Adoption of the YugoslavReintegration Programme1974-1976; The OECD and the role of migration in international cooperation ondevelopment in the aftermath of the first oil shock
Notes Chapter Four: The Second Oil Shock and the Change in European International Migration in the Yugoslav crisis of the 1980s 1979-1985
Description based upon print version of record
Subject Return migration -- Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia -- Emigration and immigration -- Government policy -- History
Form Electronic book
ISBN 3447198451 (electronic bk.)
9783447198455 (electronic bk.)