Book Cover
Author Volovik, G. E., author

Title The universe in a helium droplet / Grigory E. Volovik
Published Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2009
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Description 1 online resource (xxii, 511 pages) : illustrations
Series International series of monographs on physics ; 117
International series of monographs on physics (Oxford, England) ; 117
Contents Introduction: gut and anti-gut -- pt. I. Quantum Bose liquid. Gravity -- Microscopic physics of quantum liquids -- Effective theory of superfluidity -- Two-fluid hydrodynamics -- Advantages and drawbacks of effective theory -- pt. II. Quantum fermionic liquids. Microscopic physics -- Universality classes of fermionic vacua -- Effective Quantum Electrodynamics In 3He-A -- Three levels of phenomenology of superfluid 3He -- Momentum space topology of 2 + 1 systems -- Momentum space topology protected by symmetry -- pt. III. Topological defects -- Topological classification of defects -- Vortices in 3He-B -- Symmetry breaking in 3He-A and singular vortices -- Continuous structures -- Monopoles and boojums -- pt. IV. Anomalies of chiral vacuum. Anomalous non-conservation of fermionic charge -- Anomalous currents -- Macroscopic parity-violating effects -- Quantization of physical parameters -- pt. V. Fermions on topological objects and brane world -- Edge states and fermion zero modes on soliton -- Fermion zero modes on vortices -- Vortex mass -- Spectral flow in the vortex core -- pt. VI. Nucleation of quasiparticles and topological defects. Landau critical velocity -- Vortex formation by Kelvin-Helmholtz instability -- Vortex formation in ionizing radiation -- pt. VII. Vacuum energy and vacuum in non-trivial gravitational background. Casimir effect and vacuum energy -- Topological defects as source of non-trivial metric -- Vacuum under rotation and spinning strings -- Analogs of event horizon -- Conclusion
Summary There are fundamental relations between three vast areas of physics: particle physics, cosmology and condensed matter physics. The fundamental links between the first two areas, in other words, between micro- and macro- worlds, have been well established. There is a unified system of laws governing the scales from subatomic particles to the Cosmos and this principle is widely exploited in the description of the physics of the early Universe. The main goal of this book is to establish and define the connection of these two fields with condensed matter physics
Notes Originally published: 2003
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 469-497) and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Condensed matter.
Liquid helium.
Quantum field theory.
Quantum liquids.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 0191574090 (electronic bk.)
0198507828 (hbk.)
9780191574092 (electronic bk.)
9780198507826 (hbk.)