Book Cover
Author Birnbaum, Marianna D.

Title The long journey of Gracia Mendes / by Marianna D. Birnbaum
Published Budapest ; New York : Central European University Press, 2003
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (147 pages) : illustrations
Contents Introducing the family -- A short history of the conversos -- Life in sixteenth-century Antwerp -- Gracia in Venice -- Gracia and Jewish patronage in sixteenth-century Ferrara -- In business with Ragusa -- The Ottoman Empire and the Jews
Summary "Gracia Mendes was a sixteenth-century entrepreneur and one of the wealthiest women in Europe, who, while a practicing Christian, remained for much of her life a secret Jew." "The biography examines her rise to power in the face of immense obstacles - political, religious, economic, and social." "Gracia was born in 1510 in Portugal. At the age of eighteen, she married Francisco Mendes, a successful Jewish spice trader. After her husband's death in 1536 and in response to the religious persecutions of the day, she moved her family from Portugal. Her travels led her through Antwerp, Venice, Ferrara, Ragusa and finally to Constantinople, from where the Ottoman Empire dominated the territories of former Byzantium and offered shelter for the battered Conversos (converted Jews)." "After her arrival in 1553, she became the most prominent businesswoman of the community and a patron of Jewish causes. Her life exemplifies the perseverance of the Jewish culture to survive and triumph even in extremely adverse conditions."--Jacket
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 128-140) and indexes
Notes Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002. MiAaHDL
Print version record
Subject Nasi, Gracia, approximately 1510-1569.
Jewish women -- Portugal -- Biography.
Jews -- Europe -- Economic conditions -- 16th century.
Jews -- Europe -- Social conditions -- 16th century.
Jews -- Portugal -- Biography.
Marranos -- Portugal -- Biography.
Sephardim -- Portugal -- Biography.
Europe -- Ethnic relations.
Genre/Form Biography.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 0585492417 (electronic bk.)
9639241679 (cloth)
9780585492414 (electronic bk.)
9789639241671 (cloth)