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E-book
Author Körösényi, András

Title Government and Politics in Hungary
Published New York : Central European University Press, 1998
©1999
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Description 1 online resource (353 pages)
Contents Intro -- Table of Contents -- List of Tables -- List of Figures -- Abbreviations -- Preface and Acknowledgements -- Introduction: Political Traditions -- Chapter One: Political Culture -- 1. The Historical Legacy -- The Legacy of Communism -- Subjective Competence, Political Cynicism -- The Legacy of the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries -- 2. The Dimensions of Political Culture -- Regime Support -- Trust in Individual Institutions and Judgements on the Performance of Government -- Political Participation -- 3. Political Culture and Democratic Stability -- Chapter Two: The Parties -- 1. The Extent of Party Penetration in Hungary -- 2. The Functions of the Parties -- 3 . The Three Political Camps -- 4. The Origins and Establishment of the New Parties -- 5. The Character of the Parties -- The Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF) -- The Hungarian Party of Justice and Life (MIEP) -- The Alliance of Free Democrats (SZDSZ) -- The Federation of Young Democrats-Hungarian Civic Party (Fidesz-MPP) -- The Independent Smallholders' Party (FKGP) -- The Christian Democratic People's Party (KDNP) -- The Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) -- Chapter Three: The Party System -- 1. Left and Right in Hungarian Politics -- 2. The Structure of the Party Spectrum: The Political-Cultural and Economic Axes -- 3. The Ideological and Political Agenda -- Chapter Four: Political Cleavages -- 1. Cleavages -- 2. The Three Cleavages of Hungarian Politics -- The Religious/Secular Cleavage -- The Political Class Cleavage -- The Urban/Rural Cleavage -- The Absent Cleavage: The Economic Class Division -- 3. Cleavages and the Party System -- Chapter Five: Political Elites -- 1. Nomenklatura and Transition -- 2. Political Elite Groups -- 3 . The Political Class: Deputies in the Pre- and Post-Transition Parliaments
4. The New Political Class: The Origins, Socio-Cultural Composition, Political Socialization and Career Paths of the Parliamentary Deputies -- The New Socialist Party Elite -- The Elite of the Christian-Civic Parties -- The Elite of the Liberal Parties -- 5. The Ideological Characteristics and World-Views of the Party Elites -- 6 . Recruitment and Career Paths -- 7. Institutional and Functional Groups within the Political Elite: The Political Influence of Sub-Elites -- 8. Links between the Economic and Political Elites -- 9. Concluding Remarks -- Chapter Six: Electoral Behaviour -- 1. The Openness of the Political Market: The Instability of Party Preferences -- 2. The Electoral Bases of the Parties -- 3. Political Camps: The Value Systems, Political Attitudes and Ideological Self-Placements of the Voters -- Connections between Concepts: The Semantic Level -- The Issue Level -- Chapter Seven: The Electoral System and Elections -- 1. The Mechanics of the Electoral System -- 2. Elections and the Distribution of Votes -- 3. The Three Channels and Two Rounds of the Elections and the Distribution of Seats -- Single-Member Districts -- Regional List Seats -- National List Seats -- 4. The Impact of the Electoral System upon the Political System -- Chapter Eight: Economic Interest Groups and Interest Reconciliation -- 1. Trade Unions -- 2. Economic Conflicts of Interest -- 3. Macro-level Interest Reconciliation -- 4. Lobbying -- 5. The Direction of Change: From Pluralism towards Corporatism? -- Chapter Nine: The Constitutional and Governmental System -- 1. Constitutional and Governmental Traditions -- 2. The Development of Parliamentary Government in Europe -- 3. Political Thought on the Relationship between State and Society and on the Government -- 4. The Emergence of the Democratic Constitutional and Governmental System and the Nature of the Regime Change
4. The Process of Governmental Decision-Making and the Organization of the Government -- Political and Administrative Institutions of Co-ordination -- 5. The Mixing of the Roles of Politician and Civil Servant and the Politicization of the Administration -- Chapter Twelve: The Parliament -- 1. The Separation of the Branches of Power and the Two Parliamentary Ideal-Types -- 2. The Hungarian Parliament -- The Representative Function and the Legitimacy of the Parliament -- Parliament as a Legislature: Governmental Domination or Parliamentary Rule? -- Organization and the Division of Labour -- 3. The Passage of Legislation and Resolutions -- 4. Institutional Actors: The Government, the Speaker, the Plenum and the Committees -- Government Bills -- The Setting of the Agenda -- The Plenum -- Permanent Committees -- 5. Political Actors: The Government Side and the Opposition -- Deputies -- The Party Groups and their Functions -- The Relationship between the Government and the Government Parties -- The Government and its Coalition Partners -- The Opposition -- The Dualism of the Government Majority and the Opposition -- 6. The Responsibility of Government to Parliament: Votes of Confidence and No Confidence -- 7. Non-Sanctionary Instruments of Parliamentary Control over the Government -- Political Publicity -- Organs for the Oversight of the Administration -- The Requirement to Report to Parliament -- Investigative Committees -- The Supervision of Personnel Policy -- 8. Conclusion -- Chapter Thirteen: The Constitutional Court -- 1. The Jurisdiction and Political Role of the Constitutional Court -- The Powers of the Constitutional Court -- The Power to Initiate Constitutional Court Proceedings -- The Selection of Constitutional Court Judges -- The Career Paths of Constitutional Court Judges -- The Judges' Views on their Own Role
5. The Principal Features of the Constitution -- 6. Political Counterweights and Division of Power -- 7. Summary: The 'Shared Out Republic' -- Chapter Ten: The Government -- 1. The Internal Legal Structure of the Government -- The Prime-Ministerial Principle: The Pre-eminence of the Head of Government -- The Government as a Collective Body -- Ministerial Independence: The Departmental Principle (Ressortprinzip) -- 2. The Influence of the Party System and Coalition Government -- Government Formation -- The Recruitment, Selection and Career Paths of Ministers -- Prime Minister, Party President, Parliamentary Group Leader -- The Party as a Source of, and Limitation on, the Strength of the Prime Minister -- Coalition Government -- The Distribution of Posts in the Coalition Government -- 3. The Prime Minister's Sources of Power, and the Political Unity of the Government -- The Prime Minister's Patronage Power -- The Determination of the Structure and Size of the Government and the Distribution of Responsibilities -- The Prime Minister's Personal Staff and Advisors -- Legal-Political Conditions and the Role of the Prime Minister -- 4. The Position of the Prime Minister and the Government: An International Comparison -- Chapter Eleven: Governmental Decision-Making and Control over the Administration -- 1. The Organization of, and Political Control over, the Hungarian Public Administration -- The Administrative-Executive Organs of the Public Administration -- 2. The Classical Separation of Administration and Politics -- 3. Governmental Control of the Administration: The Legal, Administrative and Personnel Instruments of Political Control -- Government through Legal Rules -- Government through Powers of Leadership and Direction -- Government through Personnel Management: Patronage in the Administration
Limits upon Activism and the Political Counterweights to the Court -- 2. The Consequences of the Constitutional Court's Activism: The Judicialization of Politics -- 3. Conclusion -- Chapter Fourteen: The Head of State -- 1. The Regime Change and the Presidency -- 2. The Power of the Presidency -- Constitutional Powers -- Election and Legitimacy -- Career Path, Recruitment, Party Affiliation -- The President's Interpretation of His or Her Role and of the Constitution -- 3. The Constitutional Court and the President -- Conclusion: Hungarian Democracy -- 1. The Majoritarian and Consensus Models of Democracy -- 2. The Character of Hungarian Democracy -- 3. Is Hungarian Democracy Consensual? The Role of Elite Strategies -- 4. Elite Strategies: The Combination of Competitive and Demobilizational Strategies -- Appendices -- Bibliography -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W
Notes Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Subject Electronic books. -- local
Hungary -- History -- 20th century
Hungary -- Politics and government
Form Electronic book
ISBN 1281376604
9781281376602