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Title Insect biodiversity : science and society. Volume II / edited by Robert G. Foottit, Peter H. Adler
Edition Second edition
Published Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons, 2018
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Contents Machine generated contents note: 1.1. Discovery / Robert G. Foottit / Peter H. Adler -- 1.2. Conceptual Development / Robert G. Foottit / Peter H. Adler -- 1.3. Information Management / Robert G. Foottit / Peter H. Adler -- 1.4. Conclusions / Robert G. Foottit / Peter H. Adler -- Acknowledgments / Robert G. Foottit / Peter H. Adler -- References / Robert G. Foottit / Peter H. Adler -- 2. Insect Biodiversity in the Arctic / Robert G. Foottit / Peter H. Adler -- 2.1. Documenting Biodiversity-Traditional Taxonomy Versus DNA Barcoding / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.2. Insect Species Diversity in the Arctic / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.2.1. Composition of the Arctic Insect Fauna / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.2.2. Species Richness Trends Along Latitudinal Gradients / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.2.3. Geographical and Regional Variations in Species Richness / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.2.4. Diversity Oases Within the Arctic / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.3. Historical Insect Biodiversity in the Arctic-the Time Perspective / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.3.1. Nunataks and Glacial Refugia as Generators of Biodiversity / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.3.2. Endemism / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.4. Biodiversity on the Landscape Scale / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.4.1. Variation in Biodiversity on a Landscape Scale / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.4.2. Local Effects on Biodiversity-Predation and Natural Disturbance / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.5. Important Characteristics of Arctic Insect Biodiversity / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.5.1. Specialist Versus Generalist Species / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.5.2. Life-History Adaptation / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.5.3. Genetic Diversity Within Species and Groups / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.5.4. Reproductive Variation and Parthenogenesis / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.5.5. Diversity of Adaptations for Maximizing Heat Absorption / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.6. Cold Tolerance-a Diversity of Adaptations / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.6.1. Brachyptery and Wing Polymorphism / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.7. Dispersal, Immigration, and Biodiversity / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.8. Pollinator Networks and Pollinator Biodiversity / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.9. Biodiversity Paradise for Parasites? / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 2.10. Biodiversity and the Changing Arctic Climate / Ian D. Hodkinson -- References / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 3. Insect Biodiversity in Indochina: A Window into the Riches of the Oriental Region / Ian D. Hodkinson -- 3.1. Physical Geography and Climate / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2. Features of Insect Biodiversity in the Lower Mekong Subregion / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.1. Blattodea / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.2. Coleoptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.3. Dermaptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.4. Diptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.5. Embiodea / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.6. Ephemeroptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.7. Hemiptera / Seunghwan Lee / Ram Keshari Duwal -- 3.2.8. Hymenoptera / Seunghwan Lee / Ram Keshari Duwal -- 3.2.9. "Isoptera" / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.10. Lepidoptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.11. Mantodea / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.12. Mecoptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.13. Megaloptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.14. Microcoryphia and Zygentoma / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.15. Neuroptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.16. Notoptera (Grylloblattodea and Mantophasmatodea) / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.17. Odonata / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.18. Orthoptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.19. Phasmatodea / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.20. Phthiraptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.21. Plecoptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.22. Psocoptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.23. Raphidioptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.24. Siphonaptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.25. Strepsiptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.26. Thysanoptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.27. Trichoptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.2.28. Zoraptera / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.3. Insect Biodiversity and Society in Indochina / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.3.1. Entomophagy in the Lower Mekong Subregion / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.3.2. Research Initiatives / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 3.4. Conclusions / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- Acknowledgments / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- References / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 4. Biodiversity of Arthropods on Islands / Ram Keshari Duwal / Seunghwan Lee -- 4.1. What is an Island? / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.1.1. History of the Island / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.1.2. Degree of Isolation / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.1.3. Area of the Island / Rosemary G. Gillespie / Kipling Will -- 4.1.4. Age of the Island / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.2. Ecological Attributes of Islands / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.2.1. Species Diversity on Islands / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.2.2. Island Colonization / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.2.3. Factors Facilitating Establishment / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.2.4. Niche Preemption / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.2.5. Ecological Release / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.2.6. Networks of Ecological Interactions / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.3. Evolution on Islands / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.3.1. Anagenesis / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.3.2. Cladogenesis / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.3.3. Adaptive Radiation / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.3.4. Isolation, Hybridization, and Admixture / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.3.5. Parallel Evolution and Convergence / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.4. Evolution in Other Insular Environments / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.4.1. Mountaintops-Sky Islands / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.4.2. Caves / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.4.3. Desert Dunes and Salt Lakes / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.4.4. Habitat Fragments / Kipling Will / Rosemary G. Gillespie -- 4.5. Characteristics of Island Biodiversity / Rosemary G. Gillespie / Kipling Will -- 4.5.1. Disharmony / Rosemary G. Gillespie / Kipling Will -- 4.5.2. Endemism / Rosemary G. Gillespie / Kipling Will -- 4.5.3. Loss of Dispersal Ability and Flightlessness / Rosemary G. Gillespie / Kipling Will -- 4.5.4. Innovations / Rosemary G. Gillespie / Kipling Will -- 4.5.5. Size / Rosemary G. Gillespie / Kipling Will -- 4.5.6. Reproductive Shifts / Rosemary G. Gillespie / Kipling Will -- 4.6. Conservation / Rosemary G. Gillespie / Kipling Will -- 4.6.1. Taxonomic Impediments / Rosemary G. Gillespie / Kipling Will -- 4.6.2. Restricted Ranges and Small Population Sizes / Rosemary G. Gillespie / Kipling Will -- 4.6.3. Abiotic Factors / Rosemary G. Gillespie / Kipling Will -- 4.6.4. Invasive Species / Rosemary G. Gillespie / Kipling Will -- 4.7. Conclusion / Rosemary G. Gillespie / Kipling Will -- References / Rosemary G. Gillespie / Kipling Will -- 5. Beneficial Insects in Agriculture: Enhancement of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services / Rosemary G. Gillespie / Kipling Will -- 5.1. Components of Biodiversity: Species Richness, Species Evenness, and Species Identity / Matthew S. Jones / William E
Note continued: 13.1. Grylloblattodea / Monika J.B. Eberhard / Sean D. Schoville / Klaus-Dieter Klass -- 13.1.1. Morphology and Biology / Monika J.B. Eberhard / Sean D. Schoville / Klaus-Dieter Klass -- 13.1.2. Overview of Taxa / Monika J.B. Eberhard / Sean D. Schoville / Klaus-Dieter Klass -- 13.2. Mantophasmatodea / Monika J.B. Eberhard / Sean D. Schoville / Klaus-Dieter Klass -- 13.2.1. Morphology and Biology / Monika J.B. Eberhard / Sean D. Schoville / Klaus-Dieter Klass -- 13.2.2. Overview of Taxa / Monika J.B. Eberhard / Sean D. Schoville / Klaus-Dieter Klass -- 13.2.2.1. Tanzaniophasmatidae / Monika J.B. Eberhard / Sean D. Schoville / Klaus-Dieter Klass -- 13.2.2.2. Mantophasmatidae / Monika J.B. Eberhard / Sean D. Schoville / Klaus-Dieter Klass -- 13.2.2.3. Tyrannophasma/Praedatophasma Clade / Klaus-Dieter Klass / Monika J.B. Eberhard / Sean D. Schoville -- 13.2.2.4. Austrophasmatidae / Monika J.B. Eberhard / Sean D. Schoville / Klaus-Dieter Klass -- 13.3. Fossil Record / Monika J.B. Eberhard / Sean D. Schoville / Klaus-Dieter Klass -- 13.4. Conclusions / Monika J.B. Eberhard / Sean D. Schoville / Klaus-Dieter Klass -- Acknowledgments / Monika J.B. Eberhard / Sean D. Schoville / Klaus-Dieter Klass -- References / Monika J.B. Eberhard / Sean D. Schoville / Klaus-Dieter Klass -- 14. Biodiversity of Blattodea-the Cockroaches and Termites / Monika J.B. Eberhard / Sean D. Schoville / Klaus-Dieter Klass -- 14.1. Overview of Taxa / Marie Djernæs -- 14.1.1. Superfamily Corydioidea / Marie Djernæs -- 14.1.1.1. Family Corydiidae / Marie Djernæs -- 14.1.1.2. Family Nocticolidae / Marie Djernæs -- 14.1.2. Superfamily Blaberoidea / Marie Djernæs -- 14.1.2.1. Family Ectobiidae / Marie Djernæs -- 14.1.2.2. Family Blaberidae / Marie Djernæs -- 14.1.3. Superfamily Blattoidea / Marie Djernæs -- 14.1.3.1. Family Blattidae / Marie Djernæs -- 14.1.3.2. Family Lamproblattidae / Marie Djernæs -- 14.1.3.3. Family Tryonicidae / Marie Djernæs -- 14.1.3.4. Family Anaplectidae / Marie Djernæs -- 14.1.3.5. Family Cryptocercidae / Marie Djernæs -- 14.1.3.6. Termites / Marie Djernæs -- 14.2. Societal Importance / Marie Djernæs -- 14.2.1. Cockroaches and Science / Marie Djernæs -- 14.2.2. Cockroaches as Pests / Marie Djernæs -- 14.2.3. Cockroaches as Food, Feed, and Medicine / Marie Djernæs -- 14.2.4. Pet and Feeder Species / Marie Djernæs -- 14.2.5. Ecological Importance / Marie Djernæs -- 14.2.6. Conservation Status / Marie Djernæs -- References / Marie Djernæs -- 15. Biodiversity of Mantodea / Marie Djernæs -- 15.1. Morphological and Biological Diversity / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2. Phylogeny and Classification / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.1. Acanthopidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.2. Acontistidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.3. Amorphoscelidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.4. Angelidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.5. Chaeteessidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.6. Coptopterygidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.7. Empusidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.8. Epaphroditidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.9. Eremiaphilidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.10. Galinthiadidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.11. Hymenopodidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.12. Iridopterygidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.13. Liturgusidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.14. Mantidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.15. Mantoididae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.16. Metallyticidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.17. Photinaidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.18. Stenophyllidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.19. Tarachodidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.20. Thespidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.21. Toxoderidae / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.22. Incertae Sedis / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.23. Suprafamilial Groups / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.23.1. Acanthopoidea / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.23.2. Artimantodea / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.23.3. Cernomantodea / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.23.4. Eumantodea / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.23.5. Mantidea / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.23.6. Mantoidea / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.23.7. Mantomorpha / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.2.23.8. Neomantodea / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.3. Morphological Convergence and Ecomorphs / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 15.4. Conclusions / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- References / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 16. Biodiversity of Psocoptera / Frank Wieland / Gavin J. Svenson -- 16.1. Classification / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2. Overview of the Psocoptera / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2.1. Suborder Trogiomorpha / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2.1.1. Infraorder Atropetae / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2.1.2. Infraorder Psocatropetae / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2.1.3. Infraorder Prionoglaridetae / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2.2. Suborder Troctomorpha / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2.2.1. Infraorder Nanopsocetae / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2.2.2. Infraorder Amphientometae / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2.2.3. Superfamily Amphientomoidea / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2.2.4. Superfamily Electrentomoidea / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2.3. Suborder Psocomorpha / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2.3.1. Infraorder Archipsocetae / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2.3.2. Infraorder Caeciliusetae / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2.3.3. Infraorder Homilopsocidea / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2.3.4. Infraorder Philotarsetae / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2.3.5. Infraorder Epipsocetae / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.2.3.6. Infraorder Psocetae / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.3. Summary of Diversity of the Psocoptera and Predictions / Edward L. Mockford -- 16.4. Importance to Humans of Psocopteran Biodiversity / Edward L. Mockford -- Acknowledgments / Edward L. Mockford -- References / Edward L. Mockford -- 17. Biodiversity of Ectoparasites: Lice (Phthiraptera) and Fleas (Siphonaptera) / Edward L. Mockford -- 17.1. Phthiraptera-The Parasitic Lice / Terry D. Galloway -- 17.2. Siphonaptera-The Fleas / Terry D. Galloway -- 17.3. Medical and Veterinary Importance / Terry D. Galloway -- 17.3.1. Lice / Terry D. Galloway -- 17.3.2. Fleas / Terry D. Galloway -- 17.4. Community Diversity of Lice and Fleas / Terry D. Galloway -- 17.5. Conservation of Lice and Fleas / Terry D. Galloway -- Acknowledgments / Terry D. Galloway -- References / Terry D. Galloway -- 18. Biodiversity of Thysanoptera / Terry D. Galloway -- 18.1. What Are Thrips? / Laurence A. Mound -- 18.2. Family Diversity / Laurence A. Mound -- 18.3. Lives of Thrips / Laurence A. Mound -- 18.4. Thrips Around the World / Laurence A. Mound -- 18.5. Thrips as Research Targets / Laurence A. Mound -- 18.6. Structural Diversity of Thrips / Laurence A. Mound -- 18.7. Thrips as Pests / Laurence A. Mound -- 18.8. Thrips and Human Life / Laurence A. Mound -- 18.9. Thrips Information Sources / Laurence A. Mound -- References / Laurence A. Mound -- 19. Diversity of the True Hoppers (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha) / Laurence A. Mound -- 19.1. Overview of the Auchenorrhyncha / Charles R. Bartlett / Lewis L. Deitz / Matthew S. Wallace / Allen F
Note continued: 20.1.3. Existential Importance / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.2. Taxonomic Diversity of Sternorrhyncha / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.2.1. Phylogeny and Classification / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.2.1.1. Aphidoidea / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.2.1.2. Aleyrodoidea / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.2.1.3. Coccoidea / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.2.1.4. Psylloidea / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3. Functional Diversity of Sternorrhyncha / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.1. Trophic Diversity / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.1.1. Phloem Feeding / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.1.2. Not Phloem Feeding / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.1.3. Trophic-Breadth Variation / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.2. Trophic Evolution / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.3. Endosymbiosis / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.4. Endosymbiont Diversity / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.4.1. Endosymbiont Phylogenetic Diversity / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.4.2. Endosymbiont Functional Diversity / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.5. Endosymbiont Evolution / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.5.1. Ecological Speciation / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.5.2. Conflictual Speciation / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.6. Life-Cycle Diversity / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.6.1. Aphid Soldiers and Eusocial Societies / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.6.2. Life-Cycle Evolution / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.7. Genetic-System Diversity / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.7.1. Holocentric Chromosomes / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.7.2. Sex Determination and Parthenogenesis / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.7.3. Sex Ratio / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.7.4. Supernumerary Chromosomes / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.8. Genetic-System Evolution / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.8.1. What Sternorrhyncha Can Tell Us About the Evolution of Sex / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.3.8.2. What Sternorrhyncha Can Tell Us About the Evolution of Genetic Systems / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.4. Conclusions / Nate B. Hardy -- Acknowledgments / Nate B. Hardy -- References / Nate B. Hardy -- 21. Biodiversity of the Neuropterida (Insecta: Neuroptera, Megaloptera, and Raphidioptera) / Nate B. Hardy -- 21.1. Phylogeny / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.2. Geological Age / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.3. Metamorphosis and Life Stages / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.3.1. Adults / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.3.2. Eggs and Oviposition / John D. Oswald / Renato J.P. Machado -- 21.3.3. Larvae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.3.4. Pupae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.4. Biology / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.5. Distribution / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6. Overview of Orders and Families / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.1. Order Megaloptera / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.1.1. Family Corydalidae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.1.2. Family Sialidae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.2. Order Neuroptera / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.2.1. Family Ascalaphidae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.2.2. Family Berothidae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.2.3. Family Chrysopidae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.2.4. Family Coniopterygidae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.2.5. Family Dilaridae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.2.6. Family Hemerobiidae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.2.7. Family Ithonidae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.2.8. Family Mantispidae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.2.9. Family Myrmeleontidae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.2.10. Family Nemopteridae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.2.11. Family Nevrorthidae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.2.12. Family Nymphidae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.2.13. Family Osmylidae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.2.14. Family Psychopsidae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.2.15. Family Sisyridae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.3. Order Raphidioptera / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.3.1. Family Inocelliidae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.6.3.2. Family Raphidiidae / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.7. Societal Importance / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- 21.8. Scientific Importance / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- Acknowledgments / Renato J.P. Machado / John D. Oswald -- References / John D. Oswald / Renato J.P. Machado -- 22. Biodiversity of Strepsiptera / John D. Oswald / Renato J.P. Machado -- 22.1. Family Bahiaxenidae / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- 22.2. Suborder Mengenillidia / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- 22.2.1. Family Mengenillidae / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- 22.3. Suborder Stylopidia / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- 22.3.1. Family Corioxenidae / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- 22.4. Infraorder Stylopiformia / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- 22.4.1. Family Myrmecolacidae / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- 22.4.2. Family Lychnocolacidae / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- 22.4.3. Family Stylopidae / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- 22.4.4. Family Xenidae / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- 22.4.5. Family Bohartillidae / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- 22.4.6. Family Elenchidae / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- 22.4.7. Family Halictophagidae / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- 22.5. Conclusions / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- Acknowledgments / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- References / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- 23. Biodiversity of Mecoptera / Jeyaraney Kathirithamby -- 23.1. Suborder Nannomecoptera / Wesley J. Bicha -- 23.1.1. Family Nannochoristidae / Wesley J. Bicha -- 23.2. Suborder Pistillifera / Wesley J. Bicha -- 23.2.1. Infraorder Raptipedia / Wesley J. Bicha -- 23.2.1.1. Family Bittacidae / Wesley J. Bicha -- 23.2.2. Infraorder Opisthogonopora / Wesley J. Bicha -- 23.2.2.1. Group Boreomorpha / Wesley J. Bicha -- 23.2.2.2. Group Meropomorpha / Wesley J. Bicha -- 23.2.2.3. Group Panorpomorpha / Wesley J. Bicha -- 23.3. Societal Value of Mecoptera / Wesley J. Bicha -- 23.4. Scientific Value of Mecoptera / Wesley J. Bicha -- 23.5. Conclusion / Wesley J. Bicha -- References / Wesley J. Bicha -- 24. Fossil History of Insect Diversity / Wesley J. Bicha -- 24.1. Importance of the Insect Fossil Record / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2. Types of Insect Diversity Past and Present / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.1. Taxonomic and Taxic Diversity / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.2. Ecological Diversity / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.3. Biotal Diversity / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.4. Plant-Insect Interactional Diversity / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.4.1. Short-Term Studies / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.4.2. Intermediate-Term Studies / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.4.3. Long-Term Studies / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.4.4. Very Long-Term Studies / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.5. Morphological Diversity / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.5.1. Size Disparity / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.5.2. Structural Disparity / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.5.3. Developmental Disparity / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.5.4. Key Innovations / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.6. Functional Diversity / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.6.1. Functional Feeding Groups / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.6.2. Lacustrine Ecospace Occupation / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.6.3. Parasitoids and Trophic Roles in Food Webs / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.7. Behavioral Diversity / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.7.1. Sociality / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.7.2. Mimicry and Warning Coloration / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.2.7.3. Pollen-Collection Strategies / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.3. Biodiversity Changes Through Time / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.3.1. Long-Term Environmental Change / Conrad C
Note continued: 24.5.2. Five Fundamental Types of Diversity in the Insect Fossil Record / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.5.3. Effect of Long-Term Environmental Change on Insect Diversity / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.5.4. Effect of Short-Term Environmental Changes on Insect Diversity / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.5.5. How Fossil Insect Biodiversity Affects Us All / Conrad C. Labandeira -- Acknowledgments / Conrad C. Labandeira -- References / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 25. Phenotypes in Insect Biodiversity Research / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 25.1. Phenotype Data: Past and Present / Istvan Miko / Andrew R. Deans -- 25.2. Phenotype Data: Present and Future / Istvan Miko / Andrew R. Deans -- 25.2.1. Biological Ontologies / Istvan Miko / Andrew R. Deans -- 25.2.2. Ontologies in Biodiversity Research / Istvan Miko / Andrew R. Deans -- 25.2.2.1. Referencing a Glossary / Istvan Miko / Andrew R. Deans -- 25.2.2.2. Generating Logically Consistent Phenotypes / Istvan Miko / Andrew R. Deans -- 25.2.2.3. Reasoning Across Phenotype Data / Istvan Miko / Andrew R. Deans -- 25.3. Challenges and Future Directions / Istvan Miko / Andrew R. Deans -- 25.3.1. Social Challenges to "Standardization" / Istvan Miko / Andrew R. Deans -- 25.3.2. Ontology Development Barriers / Istvan Miko / Andrew R. Deans -- 25.3.3. Ontology Implementation Barriers / Istvan Miko / Andrew R. Deans -- 25.3.4. Phenotype Complexity / Istvan Miko / Andrew R. Deans -- 25.3.5. Communicating Primarily with Semantic Phenotypes / Istvan Miko / Andrew R. Deans -- 25.3.6. No Clearinghouse for Phenotype Data / Istvan Miko / Andrew R. Deans -- 25.3.7. Reasoning Challenges / Istvan Miko / Andrew R. Deans -- Acknowledgments / Andrew R. Deans / Istvan Miko -- References / Andrew R. Deans / Istvan Miko -- 26. Global Change and Insect Biodiversity in Agroecosystems / Andrew R. Deans / Istvan Miko -- 26.1. Global Change / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Philippa J. Gerard -- 26.2. Insect Biodiversity in Agriculture / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Philippa J. Gerard -- 26.2.1. What Do We Mean By "Biodiversity"? / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Philippa J. Gerard -- 26.3. Effects of Global Change on Biodiversity-What Do We Know? / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Philippa J. Gerard -- 26.3.1. Crop Pests and Natural Enemies / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Philippa J. Gerard -- 26.3.1.1. Distribution / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Philippa J. Gerard -- 26.3.1.2. Community Composition / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Philippa J. Gerard -- 26.3.1.3. Other Responses to Climate Change / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Philippa J. Gerard / David R. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie -- 26.3.2. Soil Function and Topsoil Maintenance / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Philippa J. Gerard -- 26.3.3. Implications of Global Change for Crop Pollination / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Philippa J. Gerard -- 26.3.3.1. Evidence for Importance of Biodiversity for Pollination Service to Crops / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Philippa J. Gerard -- 26.3.3.2. Expected Effects of Global Change on Pollinator Diversity-Consequences for Society / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Philippa J. Gerard / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Owen O. Olfert -- 26.4. Island Versus Continent Contrasts / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Philippa J. Gerard -- 26.4.1. Impacts on Biodiversity of Insects in Island Agroecosystems / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Philippa J. Gerard -- 26.5. Tropical Versus Temperate Issues / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Philippa J. Gerard -- 26.5.1. Climate Tolerances in Tropical and Temperate Species / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Philippa J. Gerard -- 26.6. Some Concluding Viewpoints / Thibaud Decaens / Philippa J. Gerard / Sandra D. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Owen O. Olfert / David R. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez -- References / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Philippa J. Gerard -- 27. Digital Photography and the Democratization of Biodiversity Information / David R. Gillespie / Matthew J.W. Cock / Thibaud Decaens / Owen O. Olfert / Sandra D. Gillespie / Juan J. Jimenez / Philippa J. Gerard -- 27.1. Digital Insect Collection / Stephen A. Marshall -- 27.2. Digital Images in Interactive Keys / Stephen A. Marshall -- 27.3. Digital Photography and Taxonomic Revisions / Stephen A. Marshall -- 27.4. Organization of Digital Insect Collections / Stephen A. Marshall -- 27.5. Conclusions / Stephen A. Marshall -- References / Stephen A. Marshall -- 28. Bee (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) Diversity Through Time / Stephen A. Marshall -- 28.1. Morphological Diversity / Sophie Cardinal -- 28.2. Behavioral Diversity: Social, Nesting, and Floral Hosts / Sophie Cardinal -- 28.3. Geographical Diversity / Sophie Cardinal -- 28.4. Evolutionary History and Diversification / Sophie Cardinal -- 28.5. Conclusions / Sophie Cardinal -- References / Sophie Cardinal -- 29. Insect Biodiversity in Culture and Art / Sophie Cardinal -- 29.1. Prehistory / Jessee J. Smith / Gene Kritsky -- 29.2. Insects in the Ancient World / Jessee J. Smith / Gene Kritsky -- 29.3. Cult of Artemis: A Case Study / Jessee J. Smith / Gene Kritsky -- 29.4. Roman Insect Art / Jessee J. Smith / Gene Kritsky -- 29.5. Ancient China / Jessee J. Smith / Gene Kritsky -- 29.6. Religions of India / Jessee J. Smith / Gene Kritsky -- 29.7. Post-Classical Era / Jessee J. Smith / Gene Kritsky -- 29.8. Americas / Jessee J. Smith / Gene Kritsky -- 29.9. Modern History / Jessee J. Smith / Gene Kritsky -- 29.10. Japanese Art / Jessee J. Smith / Gene Kritsky -- 29.11. Language and Literature / Jessee J. Smith / Gene Kritsky -- 29.12. Insects in Music / Jessee J. Smith / Gene Kritsky -- 29.13. Insects in Cinema / Jessee J. Smith / Gene Kritsky -- 29.14. Akihabara Culture: Toys, Video Games, and Anime from Modern Japan / Jessee J. Smith / Gene Kritsky -- 29.15. Present and Future Trends in Cultural Entomology / Jessee J. Smith / Gene Kritsky -- 29.16. Internet Age / Gene Kritsky / Jessee J. Smith -- References / Jessee J. Smith / Gene Kritsky
Note continued: 5.5.5. Elucidate Strategies That Facilitate Transition from Current Agricultural Production Practices to Those That Are Sustainable and Provide Improved Ecosystem Services / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.6. Summary / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- Acknowledgments / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- References / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 6. Insects in Caves / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 6.1. Story of Leptodirus hochenwartii / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.2. Variety of Subterranean Spaces / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.2.1. Overview / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.2.2. Caves / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.2.3. Soil and Interstitial Habitats / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.2.4. Shallow Subterranean Habitats / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.2.4.1. Epikarst / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.2.4.2. Milieu Souterrain Superficiel / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.2.4.3. Calcrete Aquifers / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.2.4.4. Unifying Features of Shallow Subterranean Habitats / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.3. Ecological Roles of Insects in Caves / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.3.1. Relative Importance of Subterranean Habitats in the Ecology of Different Insects / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.3.2. Trophic Roles / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.4. Morphological and Life-History Adaptations of Insects to Subterranean Life / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.5. Probable Modes of Successful Colonization of Subterranean Space / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.5.1. Initial Colonization / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.5.2. Successful Colonization / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.5.3. Allopatric Versus Parapatric Speciation / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.5.4. Subterranean Dispersal / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.6. Taxonomic and Geographic Patterns of Subterranean Insect Biodiversity / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.6.1. Geographic Patterns / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.6.2. Taxonomic Review of Troglobiotic Insects / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.6.2.1. Collembola / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.6.2.2. Diplura / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.6.2.3. Coleoptera / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.6.2.4. Fulgoromorpha / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 6.7. Human Utility and Protection of Cave Insects / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- References / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 7. Biodiversity of the Thysanurans (Microcoryphia and Zygentoma) / David C. Culver / Tanja Pipan -- 7.1. Paleontological Data / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.2. Parasitism / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.2.1. Unicellular Parasites / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.2.2. Nematoda / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.2.3. Acarids / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.2.4. Strepsiptera / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.2.5. Fungi / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.3. Predation / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.4. Order Microcoryphia (= Archaeognatha) / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.4.1. Characterization / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.4.2. Bionomics / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.4.3. Taxonomy / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.4.4. Identification Key for Families, Subfamilies, and Paleoforms of Microcoryphia / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.5. Order Zygentoma (= Thysanura Sensu Stricto) / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.5.1. Characterization / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.5.2. Bionomics / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.5.3. Taxonomy / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.5.4. Identification Key for Families and Subfamilies of Zygentoma / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.6. Genetic Studies of Thysanurans / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.7. Thysanurans and Humans / Luis F. Mendes -- 7.8. Geographic Distribution of the Thysanurans / Luis F. Mendes -- References / Luis F. Mendes -- 8. Biodiversity of Zoraptera and Their Little-Known Biology / Luis F. Mendes -- 8.1. Morphology / Jae C. Choe -- 8.2. Life History and Ecology / Jae C. Choe -- 8.3. Reproduction / Jae C. Choe -- 8.4. Phylogenetic Position-"The Zoraptera Problem" / Jae C. Choe -- 8.5. Conclusion / Jae C. Choe -- Acknowledgments / Jae C. Choe -- References / Jae C. Choe -- 9. Biodiversity of Embiodea / Jae C. Choe -- 9.1. Diversity in Habitat and Silk / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.2. Promise of Silk-Like Biomaterials and Emerging Lessons from Webspinners / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.3. Social Behavior / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.4. Families of Embiodea / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.4.1. Andesembiidae / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.4.2. Anisembiidae / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.4.3. Archembiidae / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.4.4. Australembiidae / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.4.5. Clothodidae / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.4.6. Embiidae / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.4.7. Embonychidae / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.4.8. Notoligotomidae / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.4.9. Oligotomidae / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.4.10. Paedembiidae / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.4.11. Ptilocerembiidae / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.4.12. Scelembiidae / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.4.13. Teratembiidae / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.5. Webspinners of the Fossil Record / Janice S. Edgerly -- 9.6. Conclusion / Janice S. Edgerly -- References / Janice S. Edgerly -- 10. Biodiversity of Orthoptera / Janice S. Edgerly -- 10.1. Taxonomic Classification and Phylogeny / Hojun Song -- 10.2. Diversity and Distribution / Hojun Song -- 10.3. Morphological and Biological Diversity / Hojun Song -- 10.4. Societal Importance / Hojun Song -- 10.5. Overview of Taxa / Hojun Song -- 10.5.1. Suborder Ensifera / Hojun Song -- 10.5.1.1. Superfamily Grylloidea / Hojun Song -- 10.5.1.2. Superfamily Gryllotalpoidea / Hojun Song -- 10.5.1.3. Superfamily Schizodactyloidea / Hojun Song -- 10.5.1.4. Superfamily Rhaphidophoroidea / Hojun Song -- 10.5.1.5. Superfamily Hagloidea / Hojun Song -- 10.5.1.6. Superfamily Stenopelmatoidea / Hojun Song -- 10.5.1.7. Superfamily Tettigonioidea / Hojun Song -- 10.5.2. Suborder Caelifera / Hojun Song -- 10.5.2.1. Superfamily Tridactyloidea / Hojun Song -- 10.5.2.2. Superfamily Tetrigoidea / Hojun Song -- 10.5.2.3. Superfamily Eumastacoidea / Hojun Song -- 10.5.2.4. Superfamily Proscopioidea / Hojun Song -- 10.5.3.5. Superfamily Tanaoceroidea / Hojun Song -- 10.5.3.6. Superfamily Trigonopterygoidea / Hojun Song -- 10.5.3.7. Superfamily Pneumoroidea / Hojun Song -- 10.5.3.8. Superfamily Pyrgomorphoidea / Hojun Song -- 10.5.3.9. Superfamily Acridoidea / Hojun Song -- Acknowledgments / Hojun Song -- References / Hojun Song -- 11. Biodiversity of Phasmatodea / Hojun Song -- 11.1. Phasmatodean Phylogeny / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2. Overview of Taxa / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.1. Timema / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.2. Agathemera / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.3. Heteronemiinae / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.4. Aschiphasmatinae / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.5. Phylliinae-The True Leaf Insects / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.6. Heteropteryginae / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.7. Diapheromerinae / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.8. Pseudophasmatinae / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.9. Palophinae / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.10. African Clade / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.11. Gratidiini / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.12. Clitumnini / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.13. Medaurini / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.14. Pharnaciini / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.15. Cladomorphinae / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.16. Stephanacridini / Sven Bradler / Thomas R
Buckley -- 11.2.17. Lanceocercata-The "Marsupials" Among the Phasmatodea / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.18. Lonchodinae / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.2.19. Necrosciinae / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.3. Phasmatodean Fossil Record / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.4. Phasmatodea as Research Tools / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 11.5. Importance to Human Society / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- References / Sven Bradler / Thomas R. Buckley -- 12. Biodiversity of Dermaptera / Thomas R. Buckley / Sven Bradler -- 12.1. Epizoic Dermaptera / Fabian Haas -- 12.2. Structure and Function / Fabian Haas -- 12.3. Locomotion / Fabian Haas -- 12.4. Distribution / Fabian Haas -- 12.5. Development and Reproduction / Fabian Haas -- 12.6. Behavior / Fabian Haas -- 12.6.1. Mating Behavior and Maternal Care / Fabian Haas -- 12.6.2. Defense / Fabian Haas -- 12.6.3. Feeding / Fabian Haas -- 12.7. Parasitism and Symbiosis / Fabian Haas -- 12.8. Fossils and Research History / Fabian Haas -- 12.9. Overview of Taxa / Fabian Haas -- 12.9.1. Lower Dermaptera / Fabian Haas -- 12.9.2. Higher Dermaptera / Fabian Haas -- 12.10. Societal and Scientific Importance / Fabian Haas -- 12.10.1. Plant Pests, Biological Control Agents, and General Nuisances / Fabian Haas -- 12.10.2. Medical, Veterinary, and Forensic Importance / Fabian Haas -- 12.10.3. Invasive Alien Species / Fabian Haas -- 12.10.4. Pollination and Other Ecological Services / Fabian Haas -- 12.10.5. Research Tools / Fabian Haas -- 12.10.6. Conservation-Vanishing Species / Fabian Haas -- 12.10.7. Cultural Legacy / Fabian Haas -- Acknowledgments / Fabian Haas -- References / Fabian Haas -- 13. Biodiversity of Grylloblattodea and Mantophasmatodea / Fabian Haas
Labandeira -- 24.3.1.1. Mid-Paleozoic Beginnings of Terrestrial Ecosystems / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.3.1.2. Initial Taxic Radiation of Insects / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.3.1.3. Late Paleozoic Expansion of Herbivore Functional Feeding Groups / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.3.1.4. Ecological and Behavioral Changes from the Mesozoic Lacustrine Revolution / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.3.1.5. Parasitoid Revolution / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.3.1.6. Biodiversity Ramifications of the Early Expansion of Angiosperms / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.3.1.7. Expansion of the Grassland Biome / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.3.2. Short-Term Environmental Change / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.3.2.1. Permian-Triassic Global Crisis and Reductions in Biodiversity / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.3.2.2. Cretaceous-Paleogene Global Crisis and Reductions in Biodiversity / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.3.2.3. Biodiversity Realignments During the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.3.2.4. End-Pleistocene Extinctions and Their Meaning for the Modern World / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.4. Current Societal Aspects of Fossil Insect Biodiversity / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.4.1. Human Interests and Biases / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.4.2. Tools for Understanding Evolutionary and Ecological Diversification / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.4.3. Detection of Insect-Borne Diseases in the Fossil Record / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.4.4. Insect Herbivory and Global Warming / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.4.5. Current Biodiversity Crisis / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.5. Conclusions / Conrad C. Labandeira -- 24.5.1. Importance of the Insect Fossil Record for Understanding Insect Diversity / Conrad C. Labandeira
Sanborn / Adeline Soulier-Perkins / Dmitry A. Dmitriev -- 19.1.1. Cicadomorpha / Charles R. Bartlett / Lewis L. Deitz / Matthew S. Wallace / Allen F. Sanborn / Adeline Soulier-Perkins / Dmitry A. Dmitriev -- 19.1.1.1. Superfamily Cicadoidea-The Cicadas: Cicadidae and Tettigarctidae / Charles R. Bartlett / Lewis L. Deitz / Matthew S. Wallace / Allen F. Sanborn / Adeline Soulier-Perkins / Dmitry A. Dmitriev -- 19.1.1.2. Superfamily Cercopoidea-Spittlebugs or Froghoppers / Charles R. Bartlett / Lewis L. Deitz / Matthew S. Wallace / Allen F. Sanborn / Adeline Soulier-Perkins / Dmitry A. Dmitriev -- 19.1.1.3. Superfamily Membracoidea-Leafhoppers and Treehoppers / Charles R. Bartlett / Lewis L. Deitz / Matthew S. Wallace / Allen F. Sanborn / Adeline Soulier-Perkins / Dmitry A. Dmitriev -- 19.1.2. Fulgoromorpha / Charles R. Bartlett / Lewis L. Deitz / Matthew S. Wallace / Allen F. Sanborn / Adeline Soulier-Perkins / Dmitry A. Dmitriev -- 19.1.2.1. Superfamily Fulgoroidea-The Planthoppers / Charles R. Bartlett / Lewis L. Deitz / Matthew S. Wallace / Allen F. Sanborn / Adeline Soulier-Perkins / Dmitry A. Dmitriev -- 19.2. Prospectus / Charles R. Bartlett / Lewis L. Deitz / Matthew S. Wallace / Allen F. Sanborn / Adeline Soulier-Perkins / Dmitry A. Dmitriev -- Acknowledgments / Lewis L. Deitz / Dmitry A. Dmitriev / Charles R. Bartlett / Adeline Soulier-Perkins / Matthew S. Wallace / Allen F. Sanborn -- References / Charles R. Bartlett / Lewis L. Deitz / Matthew S. Wallace / Allen F. Sanborn / Adeline Soulier-Perkins / Dmitry A. Dmitriev -- 20. Biodiversity of Sternorrhyncha: Scale Insects, Aphids, Psyllids, and Whiteflies / Charles R. Bartlett / Lewis L. Deitz / Matthew S. Wallace / Allen F. Sanborn / Adeline Soulier-Perkins / Dmitry A. Dmitriev -- 20.1. Sternorrhyncha and Society / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.1.1. Economic Importance / Nate B. Hardy -- 20.1.2. Ecological Importance / Nate B. Hardy
Snyder -- 5.2. Why Does Insect Biodiversity Matter to Agriculture? / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.2.1. Complementarity / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.2.1.1. Temporal Complementarity / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.2.1.2. Spatial Complementarity / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.2.1.3. Behavioral Complementarity / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.2.2. Identity Effects in Pollinator, Predator, and Detritivore Communities / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.2.3. Disruptive Species Interactions in Diverse Communities / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.3. Degradation of Biodiversity Through Agricultural Intensification, and Its Reversal / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.4. Restoring Biodiversity to Agroecosystems / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.4.1. Restoring Key Resources / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.4.2. Optimizing Use of Pesticides / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.4.3. Diversifying Farming Landscapes at Larger Scales / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.5. Conclusions and Recommendations / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.5.1. Clarify Mechanisms Leading to Biodiversity Effects / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.5.2. Consider Biodiversity Effects That Span Multiple Ecosystem Services HS / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.5.3. Better Link Management Practices to Beneficial Biodiversity Effects / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder -- 5.5.4. Rank the Relative Importance of Habitat Loss Versus Agrochemical Use / Matthew S. Jones / William E. Snyder
Summary Contains reviews of insect biodiversity in culture and art, in the fossil record, and in agricultural systems
Explores vital topics such as the impact on insect biodiversity of habitat loss and degradation and climate change
Insect Biodiversity: Science and Society, Volume II approaches insect biodiversity regionally, and examines a wide range of areas including the Arctic and Asia, as well as habitats such as crops, caves, and islands. The authors discuss all insect orders not covered in Volume One, and provide scientific and societal analyses that illustrate the positive and negative aspects of each group. Finally, Volume Two also offers considerations of insects & apos shifting roles in human culture, with insights into past insect biodiversity and thoughts on the future from a cyber-taxonomic viewpoint. This comprehensive resource
Offers the most up-to-date information on the important subject of insect biodiversity
Peter H. Adler is a professor of entomology at Clemson University, where he holds a teaching and research appointment, specializing in the behavior, ecology, genetics, and systematics of insects, particularlv butterflies and medically important flies. --Book Jacket
Robert G. Foottit is a research scientist specializing in the taxonomy of aphids and related groups, with the Canadian National Collection of insects and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. His research interests include the use of morphological and molecular approaches in the study of aphid species and populations
This second volume of Insect Biodiversity: Science and Society offers further research and expert commentary on insects & apos complex relationships with human society and our endangered environment. Featuring entirely new contributions from leading researchers and scholars in the field, the text explores and analyses key topics from geographical, socio-cultural, and taxonomic perspectives
With Volume One, presents current information on the biodiversity of all insect orders
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Online resource; title from PDF title page (EBSCO, viewed April 10, 2018)
Subject Biodiversity conservation
Insects -- Ecology
Insects -- Evolution
Insects -- Variation
Form Electronic book
Author Adler, Peter H. (Peter Holdridge), 1954- editor
Foottit, R. (Robert G.), editor
ISBN 1118945581 (electronic bk. ; oBook)
1118945603 (electronic bk.)
9781118945582 (electronic bk. ; oBook)
9781118945605 (electronic bk.)