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Title Oil spill environmental forensics case studies / edited by Scott A. Stout, Ph. D., Zhendi Wang
Published Oxford, United Kingdom : Butterworth-Heinemann, [2018]
©2018
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Contents Machine generated contents note: 1. Critical Review of an Interlaboratory Forensic Dataset: Effects on Data Interpretation in Oil Spill Studies / Wendy Wong -- Biographies -- 1.1. Introduction -- 1.2. Laboratory Studies Considered -- 1.3. Interpretive Methods -- 1.4. Results -- QA10OIL01 Crude Oil -- 1.5. Discussion -- 1.6. Discussion -- Sources of Analytical Variability -- 1.7. Discussion -- Implications on Use of Data in Forensic Applications -- 1.8. Conclusions and Recommendations -- References -- Further Reading -- 2. Fifty Years of Petroleum Geochemistry: A Valuable Asset in Oil Spill Environmental Forensics / R. Paul Philp -- Biography -- 2.1. Introduction -- 2.2. Origin of Crude Oils -- 2.3. Crude Oil Composition -- 2.4. Analytical Techniques -- 2.5. Biomarker Concept -- 2.6. Compound-Specific Isotope Analyses -- 2.7. Weathering -- Evaporation, Water Washing, Biodegradation -- 2.8. Summary -- References -- 3. Fingerprinting Analysis and Source Differentiation of Petroleum-Contaminated Environmental Samples / Gong Zhang -- Biographies -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. Fingerprinting Analysis of Target Analytes -- 3.3. Assessment of Hydrocarbon Groups in Environmental Samples -- 3.4. Assessment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Environmental Samples -- 3.5. Assessment of Petroleum Biomarkers in Environmental Samples -- 3.6. Conclusions -- References -- 4. Application of Isotope Geochemistry in Stray Gas Investigations: Case Studies / Elizabeth Chapman -- Biographies -- 4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. Gas Geochemistry -- 4.3. Case Study #1 -- Introduction -- 4.4. Case Study #1 -- Results and Discussion -- 4.5. Case Study #1 -- Conclusion -- 4.6. Case Study #2 -- Introduction -- 4.7. Case Study #2 -- Results and Discussion -- 4.8. Discussion -- 4.9. Case Study #2 -- Conclusion -- 4.10. Conclusion -- References -- Further Reading -- 5. Forensic Aspects of Airborne Constituents Following Releases of Crude Oil Into the Environment / John A. Kind -- Biographies -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. Crude Oil Heterogeneity and Weathering -- 5.3. Airborne Chemicals of Concern Following Crude Oil Spills -- 5.4. Health Protective Values -- 5.5. Identification of Critical Volatile Organics During Crude Oil Releases -- 5.6. Air Monitoring Strategies -- 5.7. Case Study -- Air Monitoring During the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill -- 5.8. Case Study -- Comparison of Hydrocarbon Vapor Profiles and Inhalation Hazard Potential in Bakken vs Non-Bakken Light Sweet Crude Oils -- 5.9. Conclusion -- References -- 6. Combined Gas and Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry Applications for Forensic Lubricant and Vegetable Oil Spill Identification / Marcus Kim -- Biographies -- 6.1. Introduction -- 6.2. Experimental -- 6.3. Results and Discussions -- 6.4. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 7. Environmental Forensics Study of Crude Oil and Petroleum Product Spills in Coastal and Oilfield Settings: Combined Insights From Conventional GC -- MS, Thermodesorption -- GC -- MS, and Pyrolysis -- GC -- MS / Noemi Esquinas -- Biographies -- 7.1. Introduction -- 7.2. Materials and Methods -- 7.3. Results and Discussion -- 7.4. Conclusion -- References -- 8. Paraffin Wax Spill Identification by GC -- FID and GC -- MS / Leo Peschier -- Biographies -- 8.1. Introduction -- 8.2. Experimental and Data Analysis Methods -- 8.3. GC -- FID Results Evaluation -- 8.4. GC -- MS Results Evaluation -- 8.5. Case Study Conclusions -- 8.6. Method Evaluation -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 9. Challenges and Mysteries in Oil Spill Fate and Transport Modeling / C.J. Beegle-Krause -- Biography -- 9.1. Introduction to Oil Spill Modeling -- 9.2. Forensics in Oil Spills -- 9.3. Oil Fingerprinting -- 9.4. Example Oil Transport -- 9.5. Case Studies for Subsurface Well Blowouts -- 9.6. Case Study: Was There a Mega-Seep or a Well Blowout Offshore of Venezuela in the 1970s? -- 9.7. Case Studies in Sunken Oils -- 9.8. Mystery Spills and Mysterious Oiled Wildlife -- 9.9. Seaweed and Oil Spills -- An Emerging Topic -- 9.10. What Do You Do With a Dead Whale? -- 9.11. Summary -- 9.12. Further Reading -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 10. Unraveling the Complexities of Upland Spilled Fuels: Selected Case Studies / Edward (Ted) Healey -- Biographies -- 10.1. Introduction -- 10.2. Chemical Fingerprinting Methodologies -- 10.3. Selected Case Studies -- References -- 11. Advantages of Multidimensional Chemical Fingerprinting in Identifying the Source of Marine Oil Spills in Bohai Bay, China / Xiaoxing Liu -- Biography -- 11.1. Introduction -- 11.2. Methods and Samples -- 11.3. Results and Discussion -- 11.4. Application of Multidimensional Chemical Fingerprinting to Identification of Mystery Oil Spills in Bohai Bay -- 11.5. Conclusion -- References -- 12. Distinguishing Genetically-Similar Diesel Fuels in Taiwan Using Principal Component Analysis of Diagnostic Ratios / Ching-Jen Ho -- Biographies -- 12.1. Introduction -- 12.2. Experimental -- 12.3. Results and Discussion -- 12.4. Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Further Reading -- 13. Application of CEN Methodology in Evaluating Sources of Multiple Land-Based Fuel Spills in Alberta, Canada / Detlef A. Birkholz -- Biography -- 13.1. Introduction -- 13.2. Methods -- 13.3. Case Study 1 -- Alleged Diesel Fuel Impacts to Surface Soils -- 13.4. Case Study 2 -- Extent of Crude Oil in Soils Following a Pipeline Fracture -- 13.5. Case Study 3 -- Source of Oil on Oiled Waterfowl and Muskrat -- 13.6. Conclusion -- References -- 14. Development and Application of Phase-Specific Methods in Oiled-Water Forensic Studies / James R. Payne -- Biographies -- 14.1. Introduction -- 14.2. Methods -- 14.3. Forensic Assessment Methods -- 14.4. Case Studies -- Results and Implications -- 14.5. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 15. Applications of the CEN Methodology in Multiple Oil Spills in Spanish Waters / Carmen Dominguez -- Biographies -- 15.1. Introduction -- 15.2. Major Sources of Oil Pollution -- 15.3. Source Identification of Oil Spills -- 15.4. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Further Reading -- 16. Fingerprinting of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Malaysia Using Environmental Forensic Techniques: A 20-Year Field Data Review / Vahab Vaezzadeh -- Biographies -- 16.1. Introduction -- 16.2. Materials and Methods -- 16.3. Results and Discussion -- 16.4. Conclusion -- References -- Further Reading -- 17. Long-Term Monitoring Study of Beached Oils Around the Shetland Isles, United Kingdom / David Runciman -- Biographies -- 17.1. Introduction -- 17.2. Methodology -- 17.3. Results -- 17.4. Discussion -- 17.5. Conclusions -- References -- 18. Erika Oil Spill: 10 Years Monitoring Program and Effects of the Weathering Processes / Julien Guyomarch -- Biographies -- 18.1. Introduction -- 18.2. Physical -- Chemical Properties of the Erika Oil -- 18.3. Natural Degradation of the Erika Oil (10-Year Monitoring Program) -- 18.4. Study in Controlled Conditions -- 18.5. Study of Molecular Ratios -- 18.6. Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Further Reading -- 19. Environmental Assessment of Spills Related to Oil Exploitation in Canada's Oil Sands Region / Stephen R
Note continued: Acknowledgments -- References -- 26. Different Forensic Approaches for Hydrocarbons Sources Identification in an Urban Cluster Environment: Guanabara Bay / Jan H. Christensen -- Biographies -- 26.1. Introduction -- 26.2. Methods and Samples -- 26.3. Results and Discussion -- 26.4. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 27. Hydrocarbon Sources and Biotechnology Applications in Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil / Claudia Y. Reyes -- Biographies -- 27.1. Introduction -- 27.2. Todos os Santos Bay -- 27.3. Petroleum Contamination in Todos os Santos Bay -- 27.4. Biotechnological Applications: Intrinsic Bioremediation -- 27.5. Applications of New Biotechnologies: Multiprocess Bioremediation and Phytoremediation -- 27.6. Results and Discussion -- 27.7. Final Considerations -- References -- Further Reading -- 28. Assessing the Role of Environmental Conditions on the Degradation of Oil Following the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill / Zhanfei Liu -- Biographies -- 28.1. Introduction -- 28.2. Extent of Oil Spill and Hydrocarbon Contamination -- 28.3. Bacterial Community -- 28.4. Temperature -- 28.5. Solar Radiation -- 28.6. Nutrients -- 28.7. Shoreline Energy -- 28.8. Pressure -- 28.9. Conclusions -- References -- Further Reading -- 29. Using Stable and Radiocarbon Analyses as a Forensic Tool to Find Evidence of Oil in the Particulates of the Water Column and on the Seafloor Following the 2010 Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill / Kelsey L. Rogers -- Biographies -- 29.1. Introduction -- 29.2. Methods -- 29.3. Results -- 29.4. Discussion -- 29.5. Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 30. Red Crabs as Sentinel Organisms in Exposure of Deep-Sea Benthos to Macondo Oil Following the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill / Jeffery Hardenstine -- Biographies -- 30.1. Introduction -- 30.2. Methods and Samples -- 30.3. Results and Discussion -- 30.4. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Further Reading -- 31. Modeling Distribution, Fate, and Concentrations of Deepwater Horizon Oil in Subsurface Waters of the Gulf of Mexico / Daniel Mendelsohn -- Biographies -- 31.1. Introduction -- 31.2. Methods -- 31.3. Observational Data -- 31.4. Results of Oil Transport and Fate Modeling -- 31.5. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Further Reading -- 32. Louisiana Coastal Marsh Environments and MC252 Oil Biomarker Chemistry / Martin Scott Miles -- Biographies -- 32.1. Background -- 32.2. Louisiana Coastal Marshes and MC252 Oil Biomarker Chemistry -- 32.3. Summary -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 33. Novel Biological Exposures Following the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Revealed by Chemical Fingerprinting / James S. Franks -- Biographies -- 33.1. Introduction -- 33.2. Sargassum -- 33.3. Deep-Sea Coral -- 33.4. Osprey Nest Material -- 33.5. Dolphin Lung Tissue -- 33.6. Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 34. Forensic Identification of Historical and Ongoing Tar Oil Releases in Nearshore Environments / Eric Litman -- Biographies -- 34.1. Introduction -- 34.2. Hydrocarbon Source Signatures -- 34.3. Methods -- 34.4. Dominant Hydrocarbon Signatures -- 34.5. Saturated Hydrocarbon Signatures -- 34.6. Aromatic Hydrocarbon Signatures -- 34.7. Conclusion
Larter -- Biography -- 19.1. Introduction -- 19.2. Oil Sands Production -- 19.3. Origin and Physicochemical Properties of COSR Oils -- 19.4. Past Oil Spill Cases in the COSR -- 19.5. Environmental Fate and Behavior of COSR Oils -- 19.6. Environmental Effects of COSR Oils -- 19.7. Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 20. Chemical Fingerprinting Assessment of the Impact to River Sediments Following the Bakken Crude Oil Train Derailment and Fire, Mount Carbon, West Virginia / Matthew Adkins -- Biographies -- 20.1. Introduction -- 20.2. Samples and Analytical Methods -- 20.3. Results and Discussion -- 20.4. Conclusions -- References -- 21. Pixel-Based Chemometric Approach for Oil Spill Identification and Hydrocarbon Source Differentiation: Two Case Studies From the-Persian Gulf / Jan H. Christensen -- Biographies -- 21.1. Introduction -- 21.2. Materials and Methods -- 21.3. Results and Discussion -- 21.4. Concluding Remarks -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 22. Use of Passive Samplers to Determine the Source of Dissolved PAHs in the Ottawa River, Toledo, Ohio / Marc A. Mills -- Biographies -- 22.1. Introduction -- 22.2. Methods -- 22.3. Results -- 22.4. Conclusions -- References -- 23. Fingerprint and Weathering Characteristics of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in the Coastal Zone Following the "7-16" Dalian Crude Oil Spill, China / Yuanwei Li -- Biographies -- 23.1. Introduction -- 23.2. Experimental -- 23.3. Result and Discussion -- 23.4. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 24. Case Study in the Use of Forensic History in Matters Involving Pipeline Ruptures / Julie Corley -- Biographies -- 24.1. Brief History of Pipeline Development -- 24.2. Regulation -- 24.3. Notable Developments in Pipeline Technology -- 24.4. Aging Infrastructure -- 24.5. Case Study -- 24.6. Results -- 24.7. Conclusion -- References -- Further Reading -- 25. Comparison of Quantitative and Semiquantitative Methods in Source Identification Following the OSPAR Oil Spill, in Parana, Brazil / Jan H. Christensen -- Biographies -- 25.1. Introduction -- 25.2. Methods and Samples -- 25.3. Results and Discussion -- 25.4. Conclusions
Summary Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies includes 34 chapters that serve to present various aspects of environmental forensics in relation to "real-worldïÅư oil spill case studies from around the globe.ïÅưïÅư Authors representing academic, government, and private researcher groups from 14 countries bring a diverse and global perspective to this volume. Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies addresses releases of natural gas/methane, automotive gasoline and other petroleum fuels, lubricants, vegetable oils, paraffin waxes, bitumen, ïÅư manufactured gas plant residues, urban runoff, and, of course, crude oil, the latter ranging from light Bakken shale oil to heavy Canadian oil sands oil.ïÅưïÅư New challenges surrounding forensic investigations of stray gas in the shallow subsurface, volatiles in air, dissolved chemicals in water (including passive samplers), and biological tissues associated with oil spills are included, as are the effects and long-term oil weathering, long-term monitoring in urbanized and non-urbanized environments, fate and transport, forensic historical research, new analytical and chemical data processing and interpretation methods.ïÅưïÅư
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Vendor-supplied metadata
Subject Environmental forensics.
Oil spills -- Environmental aspects.
Form Electronic book
Author Stout, Scott A., editor
Wang, Zhendi, editor
ISBN 0128044357 (electronic bk.)
9780128044353 (electronic bk.)