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Book Cover
E-book
Author Palmer, Louis J., Jr., 1956-

Title Encyclopedia of capital punishment in the United States / Louis J. Palmer, Jr
Edition Second edition
Published Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., 2008
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (vii, 623 pages) : illustrations
Contents Abandonment Defense -- Abduction -- Abettor -- Abscond -- Absentia -- Abu-Jamal Mumia -- Access to Counsel -- Accessory After the Fact -- Accessory Before the Fact -- Accomplice -- Accomplice Liability -- Accusation -- Accusatory Body -- Acquittal -- Actual Innocence Claim -- Actus Reus -- Adams v. Texas -- Adamson v. California -- Admissible Evidence -- Adversarial Criminal Justice System -- Adverse or Hostile Witness -- Advisory Jury -- Affirm -- Affirmative Defenses -- Afghanistan -- African Americans and Capital Punishment -- Age and Capital Punishment -- Age of Felon Mitigator -- Age of Victim Aggravator -- Aggravated Battery Aggravator -- Aggravating Circumstances -- Aider and Abettor -- Ake v. Oklahoma -- Akins v. Texas -- Alabama -- Alaska -- Alaskans Against the Death Penalty -- Albania -- Alberty v. United States -- Alcohol or Drug Abuse -- Alcorta v. Texas -- Aldridge v. United States -- Alexander v. United States -- Alford Plea -- Algeria -- Alibi Defense -- Alito, Samuel Anthony Jr. -- Allen Charge -- Allison v. United States -- Allocution -- Alternate Jurors -- Alternative Methods of Execution -- Amadeo v. Zant -- American Bar Association -- American Civil Liberties Union -- Amicus Curiae -- Amnesty International -- Andersen v. Treat -- Andersen v. United States -- Anderson, Melanie -- Andersonville Prison Deaths -- Andorra -- Andres v. United States -- Andrews v. Swartz -- Angola -- Another Proximate Cause Mitigator -- Antigua and Barbuda -- Apelt Brothers -- Appeal -- Appeal by Prosecutor -- Appeal in Forma Pauperis -- Appellant -- Appellate Review of Conviction and Death Sentence -- Appellate Rules of Procedure -- Appellee -- Application for Stay of Execution -- Appointment of Experienced Counsel -- Arave v. Creech -- Arbitrary and Capricious -- Arcene, James -- Argentina -- Arizona -- Arizona v. Rumsey -- Arkansas -- Armed Robbery -- Armenia -- Arnold v. North Carolina -- Arraignment -- Arrest -- Arson -- Arson Aggravator -- Aryan Brotherhood Prosecution -- Ashe v. Valotta -- Asians and Capital Punishment -- Assault and Battery -- Assignment of Error -- Atkins v. Virginia -- Attorney General -- Attorney-Client Privilege -- Atzerodt, George -- Australia -- Austria -- Automatic Review of Death Sentence -- Autrefois Acquit or Convict -- Avery v. Alabama -- Ayers v. Belmontes -- Azerbaijan -- Bahamas -- Bahrain -- Bail -- Baker, Lena -- Baldwin v. Alabama -- Ball United States (II) -- Ball v. United States (I) -- Bangladesh -- Banks v. Dretke -- Barbados -- Barclay v. Florida -- Barefoot v. Estelle -- Barfield, Velma Margie -- Battery -- Beard v. Banks -- Beauchamp, Jereboam Orville -- Beck v. Alabama -- Becker, Charles -- Beets, Betty Lou -- Belarus -- Belgium -- Belize -- Bell v. Cone (I) -- Bell v. Cone (II) -- Bell v. Ohio -- Bell v. Thompson -- Bench Conference -- Bench Trial -- Benin -- Benson v. United States -- Bergemann v. Backer -- Bermuda
Best Evidence Rule -- Beyond a Reasonable Doubt -- Bhutan -- Bibliography -- Biddle v. Perovich -- Bifurcation of Guilt and Penalty Phases -- Bill of Attainder Clause -- Bill of Particulars -- Bill of Rights -- Billy the Kid -- Bind Over -- Binding Authority -- Binding/Nonbinding Jury Sentencing Determination -- Bird v. United States (I) -- Bird v. United States (II) -- Bittaker, Lawrence -- Black, Hugo L. -- Blackmun, Harry A. -- Bolivia -- Bonin, William -- Booth v. Maryland -- Born to Raise Hell -- Bosnia-Herzegovina -- Boston Strangler -- Botched Execution -- Botswana -- Boulden v. Holman -- Boyde v. California -- Boykin v. Alabama -- Bracy v. Gramley -- Bradshaw v. Richey -- Bradshaw v. Stumpf -- Brady v. Maryland -- Bram v. United States -- Brandeis, Louis D. -- Brazil -- Breard v. Greene -- Brennan, William J. Jr. -- Brewer, David Josiah -- Breyer, Stephen G. -- British Democratic Dictatorship Party -- Brooks, Charlie -- Brothers -- Brown, Debra Denise -- Brown, Henry B. -- Brown, John -- Brown v. Allen -- Brown v. Mississippi -- Brown v. New Jersey -- Brown v. Payton -- Brown v. Sanders -- Brown v. United States (I) -- Brown v. United States (II) -- Brunei -- Buchalter v. New York -- Buchanan v. Angelone -- Buenoano, Judias V. -- Bulgaria -- Bullington v. Missouri -- Bundy, Theodore -- Burden of Proof at Guilt Phase -- Burden of Proof at Penalty Phase -- Burger v. Kemp -- Burger, Warren Earl -- Burglary -- Burglary Aggravator -- Burkina Faso -- Burma -- Burns v. Wilson -- Burton, Harold Hitz -- Burundi -- Bus Hijacking Aggravator -- Bush v. Kentucky -- Butler, Pierce -- Butler v. McKellar -- Cabana v. Bullock -- Cage v. Louisiana -- Calderon v. Ashmus -- Calderon v. Coleman -- Calderon v. Thompson -- Caldwell v. Mississippi -- California -- California v. Brown -- California v. Ramos -- Calton v. Utah -- Cambodia -- Cameras in Courtroom -- Cameras in Execution Chamber -- Cameroon -- Campaign to End the Death Penalty -- Campbell, Charles -- Canada -- Canadian Coalition Against the Death Penalty -- Capacity Substantially Impaired Mitigator -- Capano, Thomas -- Cape Verde -- Capital Crime -- Capital Felon -- Capital Punishment -- Capital Punishment in Colonial America -- Capital Punishment Jurisdictions -- Capital Punishment Opinions Written by Matthews -- Cardona, Ana Marie -- Cardoza, Benjamin N. -- Carjacking Aggravator -- Carpenter, David -- Carter v. Texas -- Carver v. United States -- Case-in-Chief -- Casey, James P. -- Cassell v. Texas -- Catholics Against Capital Punishment -- Central African Republic -- Certificate of Appealability -- Certified Question -- Certiorari, Writ of -- Chad -- Challenge for Cause -- Chamber -- Chambers v. Florida -- Change of Venue -- Chaplain -- Character Evidence -- Charging the Jury -- Charlotte Serial Murders -- Chase, Salmon P. -- Chessman v. Teets -- Chicago Labor Riots of 1886 -- Chief Justice -- Child Abuse Mitigator
Child Killers -- Child or Elderly Abuse Aggravator -- Chile -- China -- Choosing Method of Execution -- CIA Murders -- Circumstantial Evidence -- Citizens Against Homicides -- Citizens United for Alternatives to the Death Penalty -- Ciucci v. Illinois -- Clark, Tom C. -- Clarke, John Hessin -- Class and Capital Punishment -- Clemency -- Clemons v. Mississippi -- Cleveland State University Racial Murders -- Clifford, Nathan -- Closing Argument -- Coalition of Arizonans to Abolish the Death Penalty -- Co-Defendant -- Co-Defendant Spared Death Penalty Mitigator -- Coker v. Georgia -- Cole, Carroll Edward -- Coleman and Brown -- Coleman v. Alabama (I) -- Coleman v. Alabama (II) -- Coleman v. Tennessee -- Coleman v. Thompson -- Collateral Attack -- Colombia -- Coloradans Against the Death Penalty -- Colorado -- Common Design Rule -- Common Law and Capital Punishment -- Communication and Contact with Nationals of the Sending State -- Commutation of Sentence -- Comoros -- Competency Hearing -- Competency of the Defendant to Be a Witness -- Competency to Stand Trial -- Competent Court -- Complaint -- Complicity -- Compulsory Process Clause -- Compulsory Self-Incrimination -- Concert of Action Theory -- Concurrent Jurisdiction -- Concurrent Sentences -- Concurring Opinion -- Conditional Plea -- Confederate Hangings at Gainesville -- Confession -- Confession of Error -- Confrontation Clause -- Congo (Democratic Republic) -- Congo (Republic) -- Connecticut -- Connecticut Network to Abolish the Death Penalty -- Consecutive Sentences -- Consent -- Conspiracy -- Constitution -- Constitution Party -- Constitutional Error -- Constitutionality of the Death Penalty -- Continuing Threat Aggravator -- Continuing Threat Mitigator -- Cook Islands -- Cook v. United States -- Cooper v. Oklahoma -- Cooperation with Authorities Mitigator -- Cora, Charles -- Coram Nobis -- Cornell Death Penalty Project -- Corpus Delicti -- Correction Officer Aggravator -- Correctional Institution -- Costa Rica -- Costs of Capital Punishment -- Côte D'Ivoire -- Count -- Court of Appeals -- Court-Appointed Counsel -- Courts of General Jurisdiction -- Courts of Limited Jurisdiction -- Craemer v. Washington -- Crimes Not Involving Death -- Criminal Justice Legal Foundation -- Criminal Justice System -- Criminal Record Mitigator -- Croatia -- Crooker v. California -- Cross v. Burke -- Cross v. United States -- Cross-Examination of Witness -- Crossley v. California -- Cruel and Unusual Punishment Clause -- Crumpton v. United States -- Cuba -- Curtis, Benjamin R. -- Custodial Interrogation -- Cyanide Gas -- Cyprus -- Czech Republic -- Czolgosz, Leon -- Daily Routine of Death Row Inmates -- Dakota Executions -- Darcy v. Handy -- Darden v. Wainwright -- Davis, David -- Davis v. Burke -- Davis v. Georgia -- Davis v. United States (I) -- Davis v. United States (II) -- Dawson v. Delaware
Day, William R. -- Deadlocked Jury -- Death Automatic Jurisdictions -- Death Chamber -- Death Discretionary Jurisdictions -- Death Penalty Charging Discretion -- Death Penalty Clinic -- Death Penalty Focus of California -- Death Penalty Information Center -- Death Penalty Moratorium Implementation Project -- Death Penalty Notice -- Death Penalty Representation Project -- Death Penalty Statutes -- Death Row -- Death Warrant -- Death Watch Cell -- Death-Eligible Offenses -- Death-Qualified Jury -- Deck v. Missouri -- Dedication -- Default -- Delaware -- Deliberation -- Delo v. Lashley -- Demonstrative Evidence -- Demosthenes v. Baal -- Denmark -- Deposition -- DeSalvo, Albert -- Deterrence Theory of Capital Punishment -- Direct Examination of Witness -- Directed Verdict -- Discovery -- Discretion to Seek the Death Penalty -- Discretionary Review -- Discrimination Aggravator -- Discrimination in Grand or Petit Jury Selection -- Disposal of Executed Corpse -- Disrupting Government Function Aggravator -- Dissenting Opinion -- District of Columbia -- Djibouti -- DNA Evidence -- Dobbert v. Florida -- Dobbs v. Zant -- Dominica -- Dominican Republic -- Double Jeopardy Clause -- Double-Counting Aggravators -- Douglas, William O. -- Drive-by-Shooting Aggravator -- Drug-Trafficking Aggravator -- Dual Sovereignty -- Due Process Clause -- Dugan, Eva -- Dugger v. Adams -- Duncan v. Missouri -- Duress -- Durham Rule -- Echols, Damien Wayne -- Ecuador -- Eddings v. Oklahoma -- Effective Assistance of Counsel -- Egypt -- Eighth Amendment -- El Salvador -- Elected Official Aggravator -- Electrocution -- Elements of a Crime -- Elk v. United States -- Encyclopedia of Capital Punishment in the United States -- Engel, George -- England -- Enmund v. Florida -- Equal Justice USA -- Equal Protection Clause -- Equatorial Guinea -- Eritrea -- Error -- Error, Writ of -- Escape -- Escape Aggravator -- Espinosa v. Florida -- Espionage -- Estelle v. Smith -- Estonia -- Ethiopia -- Eubanks v. Louisiana -- European Union Memorandum on the Death Penalty -- Evidence Rules -- Ex Parte Bollman (I) -- Ex Parte Bollman (II) -- Ex Parte Crow Dog -- Ex Parte Gon-Shay-Ee -- Ex Parte Gordon -- Ex Parte Johnson -- Ex Parte Milligan -- Ex Parte Quirin -- Ex Parte Spies -- Ex Parte Wells -- Ex Post Facto Clause -- Examination of Witness -- Excessive Bail Clause -- Excessive Punishment -- Exclusionary Rule -- Exculpatory Evidence -- Executing a Capital Felon More Than Once -- Execution Before Expiration of Prior Prison Sentence -- Execution Chamber -- Execution Methods -- Execution Option Jurisdictions -- Executioner -- Executive Clemency -- Exhaustion of State Remedies Doctrine -- Expiration of Execution Date -- Explosives Aggravator -- Extradition -- Extreme Duress Mitigator -- Extreme Mental or Emotional Disturbance Mitigator -- Family and Friends' Testimony
Family Background Mitigator -- Faulder, Joseph Stanley -- Federal Bureau of Investigation -- Federal Government -- Federal Law Question -- Felder, Sammie -- Felker v. Turpin -- Felony -- Felony Murder Rule -- Female Serial Killer -- Ferguson v. Georgia -- Ferrell, Rodrick -- Field, Stephen J. -- Fielden v. Illinois -- Fifth Amendment -- Fiji -- Fikes v. Alabama -- Film Depictions of Capital Punishment -- Finland -- Finley v. California -- Firefighter Aggravator -- Firing Squad -- Fischer, Adolph -- Fish, Albert Hamilton -- Fisher v. United States -- Fla. Code ʹ 901.26 (3) Recognition of International Treaties Act: -- Flight 629 -- Florida -- Florida v. Nixon -- Ford v. Wainwright -- Foreign Nationals and Capital Punishment -- Former Jeopardy -- Fourteenth Amendment -- Fourth Amendment -- France -- Francis v. Resweber -- Frank v. Mangum -- Frankfurter, Felix -- Franklin v. Lynaugh -- Franklin v. South Carolina -- Freeway Killer -- Frequency of Executions -- Frequency of Murder -- Fruits of the Poisonous Tree -- Fugate, Caril Ann -- Fuller, Melville W. -- Furman v. Georgia -- Future Dangerousness Aggravator -- Future Dangerousness Mitigator -- Gabon -- Gacy, John Wayne -- Gainsville Ripper Murders -- Gambia -- Gang Member Aggravator -- Gardner v. Florida -- Garfield's Assassination -- Gee Jon -- Gender and Capital Punishment -- Georgia -- Georgia (Country) -- Germany -- Ghana -- Gibson v. Mississippi -- Gilmore, Gary -- Ginsburg, Ruth Bader -- Godfrey v. Georgia -- Godinez v. Moran -- Goldberg, Arthur J. -- Gooch v. United States -- Gordon, Nathaniel -- Gourko v. United States -- Graham, Barbara -- Graham, Jack Gilbert -- Graham v. Collins -- Grand Jury -- Gray, Henry Judd -- Gray, Horace -- Gray v. Mississippi -- Gray v. Netherland -- Great Hanging -- Great Risk to Others Aggravator -- Greece -- Green River Killer -- Green v. Georgia -- Green v. United States -- Gregg v. Georgia -- Grenada -- Griffin v. United States -- Guatemala -- Guilty but Mentally Ill -- Guilty Plea -- Guinea -- Guinea-Bissau -- Guiteau, Charles Julius -- Gusman v. Marrero -- Gutierrez Brothers -- Guyana -- Habeas Corpus -- Habeas Corpus Procedural Rules -- Habitual Offender -- Haiti -- Hale v. Kentucky -- Hallinger v. Davis -- Handicapped Person Aggravator -- Hands Off Cain -- Hanging -- Hardy v. United States -- Harlan, John M. -- Harlan, John M. II -- Harmless Error Rule -- Harris v. Alabama -- Harris v. South Carolina -- Haupt, Herbert Hans -- Hauptmann, Bruno Richard -- Hawaii -- Hearsay -- Hearsay Exceptions -- Heath v. Alabama -- Heckler v. Chaney -- Heinck, Heinrich Harm -- Heinous, Atrocious, Cruel, or Depraved Aggravator -- Henderson, Cathy Lynn -- Herold, David -- Herrera v. Collins -- Hickory v. United States (I) -- Hickory v. United States (II) -- Hildwin v. Florida -- Hill, Joe -- Hill v. McDonough -- Hill v. Texas -- Hispanics and Capital Punishment
Hitchcock v. Dugger -- Holberg, Brittany Marlowe -- Holden v. Minnesota -- Holmes, Dr. Henry H. -- Holmes, Oliver Wendell Jr. -- Holmes v. South Carolina -- Homicide -- Honduras -- Honken, Dustin -- Hopkins v. Reeves -- Hopper v. Evans -- Hopt v. Utah (I) -- Hopt v. Utah (II) -- Hopt v. Utah (III) -- Horn, Tom -- Horn v. Banks -- Hostage Aggravator -- House v. Bell -- Houston Military Riot of 1917 -- Howell v. Mississippi -- Hughes, Charles E. -- Human Rights Watch -- Hung Jury -- Hungary -- Hurtado v. California -- Iceland -- Idaho -- Illegally Obtained Evidence -- Illinois -- Illinois Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty -- Impact of the Furman Decision -- In Custody Aggravator -- In Forma Pauperis -- In Re Cross -- In Re Durrant -- In Re Jugiro -- In Re Kemmler -- In Re Medley -- In Re Robertson -- In Re Wood -- Incarceration -- Incompetent -- Independent Source Rule -- India -- Indiana -- Indictment -- Indigent Defendant -- Individualized Sentencing -- Indonesia -- Ineffective Assistance of Counsel -- Informant Aggravator -- Information -- Informing Jury of How Death Is Imposed -- Initial Appearance -- Injunction -- Innocence Protection Act of 2004 -- Innocent -- Insanity -- Insanity Defense -- Insanity While Awaiting Execution -- Instructions to Jury -- Intent to Kill -- Intermediate Courts of Appeal -- International Capital Punishment Nations -- International Court of Justice -- Intervention by Next Friend -- Intoxication Defense -- Intoxication Mitigator -- Invalid Aggravator -- Involuntary Confession -- Iowa -- Iowa Drug Murders -- Iran -- Iraq -- Ireland -- Irrelevant Evidence -- Irresistible Impulse Test -- Irvin v. Dowd (I) -- Irvin v. Dowd (II) -- Isaacs v. United States -- Israel -- Italy -- Itow v. United States -- Jackson, Howell E. -- Jackson, Robert H. -- Jackson v. Denno -- Jamaica -- Japan -- Jasper County Dragging Murder -- Jennings, Patricia -- Johnson, Angela Jane -- Johnson v. Mississippi -- Johnson v. Texas -- Johnson v. United States -- Johnson, William -- Joint Venture Theory -- Jones v. United States (I) -- Jones v. United States (II) -- Jordan -- Judge Aggravator -- Judge Trial -- Judge-Made Law -- Jurek v. Texas -- Jurisdiction -- Juror Aggravator -- Jury -- Jury Deadlock -- Jury Deliberation -- Jury Instructions -- Jury Override -- Jury Selection -- Jury Trial -- Jury Unanimity -- Jury View -- Justice for All -- Justifications for Capital Punishment -- Juvenile Offenses -- Juveniles -- Kansas -- Kansas City Massacre -- Kansas v. Marsh -- Kasi, Mir Aimal -- Kawakita v. United States -- Kazakhstan -- Keizo v. Henry -- Kelley v. Oregon -- Kemmler, William -- Kennedy, Anthony M. -- Kentucky -- Kenya -- Kerling, Edward John -- Kidnapping -- Kidnapping Aggravator -- Kintpuash, Jack -- Kiribati -- Kohl v. Lehlback -- Kokoraleis, Andrew -- Korea, North -- Korea, South -- Kraft, Randy Steven
Kring v. Missouri -- Kuwait -- Kyles v. Whitley -- Kyrgyzstan -- LaGrand Brothers -- Lamarca, Angelo -- Lambert v. Barrett (I) -- Lambert v. Barrett (II) -- Lambrix v. Singletary -- Landmark Decision -- Lane v. Brown -- Lankford v. Idaho -- Laos -- Larzelere, Virginia Gail -- Last Execution of the Twentieth Century -- Last Meal -- Last Statement -- Latvia -- Law Enforcement Officer Aggravator -- Law of Parties -- Law of the Case Doctrine -- Lebanon -- Lee, John Doyle -- Leland v. Oregon -- Lem Woon v. Oregon -- Lesser Included Offense Instruction -- Lethal Gas -- Lethal Injection -- Lewis v. Jeffers -- Lewis v. United States -- Leyra v. Denno -- Liberia -- Libya -- Liechtenstein -- Life Imprisonment -- LIFESPARK -- Lilly v. Virginia -- Lincoln's Conspirators -- Lindbergh Kidnapping -- Lingg, Louis -- Lisenba v. California -- Literary Depictions of Capital Punishment -- Lithuania -- Livingston, Henry B. -- Local Government Executions -- Lockett v. Ohio -- Lockhart v. Fretwell -- Lonchar v. Thomas -- Louisiana -- Loving v. United States -- Lowenfield v. Phelps -- Lundgren, Jeffrey -- Lurton, Horace H. -- Luxembourg -- Lying-in-Wait Aggravator -- MacArthur Justice Center -- Macedonia -- Madagascar -- Magistrate -- Maine -- Majority Opinion -- Malawi -- Malaysia -- Maldives -- Mali -- Malinski v. New York -- Mallory v. United States -- Malloy v. South Carolina -- Malta -- Malvo, Lee Boyd -- Mandamus -- Mandate -- Mandatory Death Penalty Statutes -- Manson Family -- Marshall Islands -- Marshall, John -- Marshall, Thurgood -- Martin v. Texas -- Martinsville Seven -- Maryland -- Maryland Citizens Against State Executions -- Mass Murder -- Massachusetts -- Massachusetts Citizens Against the Death Penalty -- Matthews, Stanley -- Mattox v. United States -- Mauritania -- Mauritius -- Maximum Security Prison -- Maxwell v. Bishop -- McCarty, Henry -- McCleskey v. Kemp -- McElvaine v. Brush -- McFarland v. Scott -- McGautha v. California -- McKenna, Joseph -- McKinley's Assassination -- McKoy v. North Carolina -- McLean, John -- McNulty v. California -- McReynolds, James C. -- Medellin v. Dretke -- Media Coverage of Execution -- Mens Rea -- Mentally Retarded Capital Felon -- Methods of Execution -- Mexico -- Michigan -- Mickens v. Taylor -- Micronesia -- Military Death Penalty Law -- Milke, Debra Jean -- Miller, Samuel F. -- Miller v. Pate -- Miller-El v. Cockrell -- Miller-El v. Dretke -- Mills v. Maryland -- Mills v. United States -- Minder v. Georgia -- Minnesota -- Minnesotans Against the Death Penalty -- Minor Participation Mitigator -- Minton, Sherman -- Mississippi -- Missouri -- Mistrial -- Mitchell v. Esparza -- Mitigating Circumstances -- Mixed Petition for Habeas Corpus Relief -- M'naghten Rule -- Molalla Forest Serial Killer -- Moldova -- Monaco -- Mongolia -- Montana -- Montenegro -- Moody, William H. -- Moore, Blanche -- Moore v. Dempsey
Moore v. Illinois -- Moral Justification Mitigator -- Moratorium on Capital Punishment -- Morgan v. Illinois -- Morocco -- Motive -- Mountain Meadows Massacre -- Moussaoui, Zacarias -- Mozambique -- Mudgett, Herman -- Muhammad, John Allen -- Multiple Homicide Aggravator -- Mu'Min v. Virginia -- Murder -- Murder, Inc. -- Murder Mack -- Murphy, Francis William -- Murray v. Giarratano -- Murray v. Louisiana -- Namibia -- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Legal Defense Fund -- National Center for Victims of Crime -- National Coalition of Homicide Survivors -- National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty -- Native Americans and Capital Punishment -- Nauru -- Nazi Spies -- Neal v. Delaware -- Nebraska -- Nebraskans Against the Death Penalty -- Neebe, Oscar W. -- Nelson v. Campbell -- Nepal -- Netherlands -- Neubauer, Herman Otto -- Nevada -- New Hampshire -- New Jersey -- New Mexico -- New Mexico Coalition to Repeal the Death Penalty -- New York -- New Zealand -- Newton, Frances Elaine -- Next Friend Intervention -- Ng, Charles -- Nicaragua -- Niger -- Nigeria -- Night Stalker -- Nobles v. Georgia -- Nofire v. United States -- Nolo Contendere Plea -- Non-binding Jury Sentencing Determination -- Non-Capital and Capital Sentencing -- Non-Capital Punishment Jurisdictions -- Non-Discrimination Jury Instruction -- Non-Statutory Aggravating Circumstances -- Non-Statutory Mitigating Circumstances -- Non-Weighing Jurisdictions -- Norris, Roy -- Norris v. Alabama -- North Carolina -- North Carolina v. Alford -- North Dakota -- Norway -- Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity -- Not Pressed or Passed Upon Rule -- Notice of Intent to Seek Death Penalty -- Notice of Statutory Aggravating Circumstances -- Nullification Instruction -- O'Connor, Sandra Day -- Ocuish, Hannah -- O'Dell v. Netherland -- Ohio -- Ohio Adult Parole Authority v. Woodard -- Ohio Cult Murders -- Ohioans to Stop Executions -- Oklahoma -- Oklahoma Bombing -- Oklahoma Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty -- Oman -- Opening Statement -- Opinion on the Appropriateness of Death Penalty -- Opposition to Capital Punishment -- Ordering Killing Aggravator -- Oregon -- Oregon Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty -- Oregon v. Guzek -- Packer, Alfred -- Paid for Killing Aggravator -- Paine, Lewis -- Pakistan -- Palau -- Palestinian Authority -- Palko v. Connecticut -- Panama -- Papua New Guinea -- Paraguay -- Pardon -- Parents of Murdered Children -- Parker v. Dugger -- Parole -- Parole Ineligibility Jury Instruction -- Parole/Probation Officer Aggravator -- Parole/Probation Release Aggravator -- Passion, Prejudice, or Arbitrariness -- Patterson v. Alabama -- Patton v. Mississippi -- Payne v. Arkansas -- Payne v. Tennessee -- Peckham, Rufus W -- Pecuniary Gain Aggravator -- Penalty Phase Evidence -- Penalty Phase Procedural Structure -- Penitentiary
Pennsylvania -- Penry v. Johnson -- Penry v. Lynaugh -- People of Faith Against the Death Penalty -- Per Curiam Opinion -- Peremptory Challenge -- Perovich v. United States -- Persuasive Authority -- Peru -- Philippines -- Phyle v. Duffy -- Pierpont, Harry -- Pierre v. Louisiana -- Pitney, Mahlon -- Place, Martha M. -- Plain Error Rule -- Plane Hijacking Aggravator -- Plurality Opinion -- Pointer v. United States -- Poison Aggravator -- Poland -- Poland Brothers -- Poland v. Arizona -- Pope John Paul II -- Portugal -- Post-Conviction Remedies -- Post-Crime Mitigating Evidence -- Post-Furman Capital Punishment -- Powell, Lewis F. Jr. -- Powell v. Alabama -- Powell v. Texas -- Precedent -- Preface -- Pre-Furman Capital Punishment -- Pregnant Aggravator -- Preliminary Hearing -- Premeditation Aggravator -- Preparation for Execution -- Pre-Sentence Report -- Presnell v. Georgia -- Presumption of Innocence -- Presumption of Innocence of Aggravators -- Presumption That Death Is the Proper Sentence -- Pre-trial Publicity -- Preventing Arrest Aggravator -- Principal in the First Degree -- Principal in the Second Degree -- Prior Felony or Homicide Aggravator -- Prison Adjustment Mitigator -- Prison Chaplain -- Prisons -- Privilege against Self-Incrimination -- Pro Bono Legal Service -- Probation Sentence -- Procedural Default of Constitutional Claims -- Proffitt v. Florida -- Prompt Presentment Rule -- Proportionality Review of Death Sentence -- Prosecution by Information -- Prosecutor -- Prosecutor Aggravator -- Protests Against Capital Punishment -- Protocol No. 13 to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms -- Protocol No. 6 to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms -- Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights to Abolish the Death Penalty -- Public Trial -- Public Viewing of Execution -- Pulley v. Harris -- Qatar -- Queenan v. Oklahoma -- Quirin, Richard -- Race and Capital Punishment -- Race-Qualified Jury -- Raise or Waive Rule -- Ramdass v. Angelone -- Ramirez, Richard -- Rape and Capital Punishment -- Rawlins v. Georgia -- Reece v. Georgia -- Reed, Stanley Forman -- Rehnquist, William Hubbs -- Relevant Evidence -- Religion and Capital Punishment -- Religious Organizing Against the Death Penalty Project -- Remand -- Reprieve -- Requesting Death -- Residual Doubt of Guilt -- Respite -- Retrials and the Death Penalty -- Retribution Theory of Capital Punishment -- Retroactive Application of a New Constitutional Rule -- Reverse -- Review of Death Sentence -- Rhines v. Weber -- Rhode Island -- Richetti, Adam -- Richmond v. Lewis -- Rideau v. Louisiana -- Ridgway, Gary Leon -- Riggins v. Nevada -- Riggs, Christina Marie -- Right to Counsel -- Right to Remain Silent -- Right to Trial by Jury -- Ring v. Arizona -- Ripper Crew Cult Murders -- Robbery -- Robbery Aggravator -- Roberts, John G. Jr. -- Roberts, Owen J. -- Roberts v. Louisiana (I) -- Roberts v. Louisiana (II)
Robinson v. United States -- Rogers, Dayton Leroy -- Rogers v. Alabama -- Rogers v. Peck -- Rogers v. Richmond -- Rolling, Danny -- Romania -- Romano v. Oklahoma -- Rompilla v. Beard -- Rooney v. North Dakota -- Roper v. Simmons -- Rose v. Hodges -- Rosenberg, JuliusRosenberg, Ethel and -- Rosenberg v. United States -- Ross v. Aguirre -- Ross v. Oklahoma -- Routier, Darlie Lynn -- Rule Against Double-Counting Aggravators -- Rules of Evidence -- Russia -- Rutledge, Wiley B. -- Rwanda -- Ryan, George Homer -- Sacco and Vanzetti -- Saffle v. Parks -- Saint Kitts and Nevis -- Saint Lucia -- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines -- Salem Village Witch Hangings -- Samoa -- San Marino -- São Tomé and Príncipe -- Sattazahn v. Pennsylvania -- Satterwhite v. Texas -- Saudia Arabia -- Sawyer v. Smith -- Sawyer v. Whitley -- Scalia, Antonin -- Schad v. Arizona -- Schick v. Reed -- Schiro v. Farley -- Schlup v. Delo -- Schriro v. Smith -- Schriro v. Summerlin -- Schwab, Michael -- Schwab v. Berggren -- Scott, Roger -- Scottsboro Boys -- Search and Seizure Clause -- Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights -- Section 1983 of the Civil Rights Act of 1871 -- Security on Campus -- Seeking Death Penalty After Conviction Reversed -- Self-Defense -- Self-Incrimination -- Self-Representation -- Senegal -- Sentence for Non-Capital Crime -- Sentencing Proceeding -- September 11 Attack -- Sequestration of Jury -- Serial Killer -- Serial Killing Aggravator -- Serial Sniper Attacks -- Sexual Assault -- Sexual Assault Aggravator -- Seychelles -- Shackles -- Shafer v. South Carolina -- Shell v. Mississippi -- Shepherd v. Florida -- Shiras, George Jr. -- Siblings -- Sierra Leone -- Simmons v. South Carolina -- Sims v. Georgia (I) -- Sims v. Georgia (II) -- Singapore -- Sioux Mass Executions -- Sixth Amendment -- Skipper v. South Carolina -- Slovakia -- Slovenia -- Smith v. Baldi -- Smith v. Mississippi -- Smith v. Murray -- Smith v. Texas -- Snyder, Ruth -- Snyder v. Massachusetts -- Sochor v. Florida -- Solesbee v. Balkcom -- Solomon Islands -- Somalia -- Souter, David H. -- South Africa -- South Carolina -- South Carolina v. Gathers -- South Dakota -- Southern California Strangler -- Southern Center for Human Rights -- Sovereignty Doctrine -- Spain -- Spano v. New York -- Sparf v. United States -- Spaziano v. Florida -- Speck, Richard -- Speedy Trial Clause -- Spencer v. Texas -- Spies, August -- Spiritual Advisor -- Spisak, Frank G., Jr. -- Spreitzer, Edward -- Sri Lanka -- St. Clair v. United States -- Standing of Capital Felon's Relative to Stop Execution -- Stanford v. Kentucky -- Stansbury v. California -- Starkweather, Charles R. -- Starr v. United States -- Statutory Aggravating Circumstances -- Statutory Mitigating Circumstances -- Stay of Execution -- Stein v. New York -- Stephan v. United States -- Stevens, John Paul
Stevenson v. United States -- Stewart, Potter -- Stewart v. Martinez-Villareal -- Stewart v. Massachusetts -- Stewart v. Smith -- Stewart v. United States -- Stigma of Death Sentence on Family -- Stone, Harlan F. -- Storti v. Massachusetts -- Story, Joseph -- Strauder v. West Virginia -- Strickland v. Washington -- Strickler v. Greene -- Stringer v. Black -- Stroble v. California -- Strong, William -- Stroud v. United States -- Structure of Capital Trial -- Styers, James -- Subpoena -- Substantial Capacity Test -- Successive Prosecutions -- Sudan -- Sumner v. Shuman -- Suriname -- Surratt, Mary -- Sutherland, George -- Swain v. Alabama -- Swaziland -- Sweden -- Switzerland -- Sympathy for Victim -- Syria -- Taft, William Howard -- Taiwan -- Tajikistan -- Talton v. Mayes -- Taney, Roger B. -- Tanzania -- Taylor v. Alabama -- Tennard v. Dretke -- Tennessee -- Tennessee Coalition to Abolish State Killing -- Terrorism Aggravator -- Texas -- Texas Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty -- Texas v. Cobb -- Thailand -- Theory of Accountability -- Thiede v. Utah -- Thiel, Werner -- Thomas, Clarence -- Thomas v. Arizona -- Thomas v. Texas -- Thompson v. Missouri -- Thompson v. Oklahoma -- Thompson v. United States -- Those Facing the Death Penalty -- Three-Judge Panel -- Tison v. Arizona -- Tla-Koo-Yel-Lee v. United States -- Togo -- Tonga -- Torture Aggravator -- Townsend v. Sain -- Trailside Killer -- Train Wreck or Hijacking Aggravator -- Transcript of Proceeding -- Transferred Intent Doctrine -- Treason -- Trial Structure -- Trial Transcript -- Tried in Absentia -- Trifurcated Trial -- Trinidad and Tobago -- Tucker, Karla Faye -- Tuggle v. Netherland -- Tuilaepa v. California -- Tunisia -- Turkey -- Turkmenistan -- Turner v. Murray -- Turner v. Pennsylvania -- Tuvalu -- Twitchell v. Pennsylvania -- Two-Witness Conviction Requirement -- Types of Crimes -- Uganda -- Ukraine -- Unitarian Universalists Against the Death Penalty -- United Arab Emirates -- United Nation's Commission on Human Rights -- United States Attorney General -- United States Courts of Appeal -- United States District Courts -- United States Government -- United States Supreme Court -- United States v. Bass -- United States v. Bevans -- United States v. Carignan -- United States v. Jackson -- United States v. Klintock -- United States v. Palmer -- United States v. Pirates -- United States v. Smith -- United Students Against the Death Penalty -- Unlawfully Obtaining Custody of Defendant -- Uruguay -- Utah -- Utter Disregard for Human Life Aggravator -- Uzbekistan -- Valdez v. United States -- Valentina v. Mercer -- Vampire Clan Murders -- Vanuatu -- Vatican City State -- Venezuela -- Venue -- Vermont -- Victim Impact Evidence -- Victim's Consent Mitigator -- Victim's Family's Right to Attend Execution -- Victim's Opinion about the Death Penalty -- Victor v. Nebraska -- Vietnam -- Viewing Execution
Vigilance Committee of San Francisco -- Vinson, Fred M. -- Virginia -- Virginians for Alternatives to the Death Penalty -- Void for Vagueness Doctrine -- Voir Dire -- Volunteer to Be Executed -- Wainwright v. Goode -- Wainwright v. Witt -- Waite, Morrison R. -- Waiver -- Waiver of Right to Counsel -- Wallace, Henry Louis -- Wallace v. United States -- Walton v. Arizona -- Warren, Earl -- Washington -- Washington Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty -- Watts v. Indiana -- Wayne, James M. -- Weeks v. Angelone -- Weighing Jurisdictions -- Weinberger Kidnapping -- West Memphis Cult Murders -- West Virginia -- Western Missouri Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty -- Westmoreland v. United States -- Wheeler v. United States -- White, Byron R. -- White, Edward D. -- White v. Texas -- Whitmore v. Arkansas -- Whittaker, Charles E. -- Whitus v. Georgia -- Wiggins v. Smith -- Wiggins v. Utah -- Wilkerson v. Utah -- Williams (Michael) v. Taylor -- Williams, Stanley Tookie III -- Williams (Terry) v. Taylor -- Williams v. Georgia -- Williams v. Mississippi -- Williams v. New York -- Williams v. Oklahoma -- Wilson v. United States -- Winston v. United States -- Wirz, Henry -- Wisconsin -- Witherspoon v. Illinois -- Witness Aggravator -- Witnessing an Execution -- Women and Capital Punishment -- Woodford v. Garceau -- Woodford v. Visciotti -- Woodson v. North Carolina -- World Coalition Against the Death Penalty -- World Congress Against the Death Penalty -- Wrongly Convicted -- Wuornos, Aileen -- Wynne v. United States -- Wyoming -- Wyoming Code §§ 7-13-912 and 913: -- Yates v. Aiken -- Yemen -- Youth and Capital Punishment -- Zambia -- Zangara, Giuseppe -- Zant v. Stephens (I) -- Zant v. Stephens (II) -- Ziang v. United States -- Zimbabwe
Summary This updated encyclopedia provides ready information on all aspects of capital punishment in America. It details virtually every capital punishment decision rendered by the United States Supreme Court through 2006, including more than 40 cases decided since publication of the first edition. Entries are also provided for each Supreme Court Justice who has ever rendered a capital punishment opinion. Entries on jurisdictions cite present-day death penalty laws and judicial structure state by state, with synopses of common and unique features. Also included are entries on significant U.S. capital prosecutions; legal principles and procedures in capital cases; organizations that support and oppose capital punishment; capital punishment's impact on persons of African, Asian, Hispanic, and Native American descent, on women, and on foreign nationals; and the methods of execution. Essential facts are also provided on capital punishment in more than 200 other nations. A wealth of statistical data is found throughout
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 601-602) and index
Notes Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002. http://purl.oclc.org/DLF/benchrepro0212 MiAaHDL
digitized 2011 HathiTrust Digital Library committed to preserve pda MiAaHDL
Print version record
Subject Capital punishment -- United States -- Encyclopedias.
Genre/Form Encyclopedias.
Encyclopedias.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 0786451831 (electronic bk.)
1780346042 (online)
9780786451838 (electronic bk.)
9781780346045 (online)