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Author EAAP-Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition (4th : 2013 : Sacramento, Calif.)

Title Energy and protein metabolism and nutrition in sustainable animal production : 4th International Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition, Sacramento, California, USA, 9-12 September 2013 / edited by James W. Oltjen, Ermias Kebreab, Hélène Lapierre
Published Wageningen, The Netherlands : Wageningen Academic Publishers, [2013]
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Description 1 online resource (535 pages) : illustrations
Series EAAP publication, 0071-2477 ; no. 134
EAAP publication ; no. 134
Contents Keynotes. Feeding the planet: key challenges -- Role of animal products in feeding the planet -- Energy and protein interactions, ruminants -- Challenges in ruminant nutrition: towards minimal nitrogen losses in cattle -- Small intestinal fermentation contributes substantially to starch disappearance in milk-fed calves -- Nutrient digestion by dairy cows fed diets replacing starch with non- forage fiber -- Effect of different dietary levels of Quebracho tannin extract on nitrogen and fiber digestibility and post-ruminal microbial protein flow in heifers -- Effect of fescue toxicosis on nitrogen and energy balance in Holstein steers -- Performance, efficiency and estimated maintenance energy requirements of Bos taurus and Bos indicus cattle -- Energy for maintaining liveweight: an indicator of adaptive abilities of beef cows? -- Response to high altitude grazing in metabolic traits and performance by yak crossbreds and yaks
Estimates of nutritional requirement of sheep, goats and cattle in tropical and warm countries: a meta-analysis study -- Net energy and protein requirements for growth of goats kids -- Low protein solid feed enhances nitrogen utilization by urea-N recycling in veal calves -- Effect of replacing feed grains by food by-product on energy metabolism of lactating cows -- Source of carbohydrate and protein in the diet of recently weaned dairy calves -- Substituting barley by sorghum enhances efficiency of starch and protein utilization in lambs -- Influence of different grassland vegetation types on ruminal protozoa and ammonia in beef cattle -- Nutritional evaluation of bulls receiving supplements with different protein: carbohydrate ratios -- Energy value of Tifton-85 (Cynodon spp.) for Gir and F1 Holstein x Gir dairy heifers using the respirometric technique -- Substitution of corn by mesquite pod meal in pellet diets for lambs: nitrogen compounds metabolism
Excretion of purine derivatives and nitrogen compounds in lactating goats fed other protein sources -- Nutritional evaluation and performance of beef cattle fed with crude glycerin diets -- The effect of substituting urea for a commercial slow release urea as supplement to sheep fed a poor quality Eragrostis curvula hay -- Effect of application of fibrolytic enzyme products at different levels on in vitro ruminal fermentation of low quality feeds -- Effect of metabolizable energy intake on energy partitioning into muscle and fat in Pelibuey ewes -- Mammary gland development in heifers under different metabolizable protein and metabolizable energy ratios -- Effect of starch source and fiber level in mixed diets on lactating Murciano-Granadina goat: Substrate oxidation and milk performance -- Effect of the starch source and fiber level in mixed diets on the energy balance of lactating Murciano-Granadina goats
The development of the gravid uterus of Santa Inês ewes and ewe lambs under two nutritional planes -- The effect of a limited supply of phenylalanine, threonine, and tryptophan on milk yield and composition -- Metabolic and hormonal profile of bulls during evaluation of nutritional requirements by respirometric technique under different plane of nutrition -- Methane emission and digestibility of goats subjected to feed restriction -- Efficiency of utilization of dietary nitrogen for milk production by dual-purpose cows fed increasing levels of Leucaena leucocephala forage mixed with Pennisetum purpureum grass -- Milk yield and composition, and efficiency of utilization of metabolisable energy for lactation by Pelibuey ewes -- Protein turnover and infrared thermography in Nellore bulls classified for residual feed intake -- Differences in residual feed intake are largely explained by changes in body composition
Net protein requirement of pregnancy of goats with single and twin pregnancy -- Effect of gender on net energy and protein requirements for growth of goats -- Energy utilization for gain of goat kids -- Protein requirements for growth of male and female Saanen goats kids -- Influence of different lipid supplements and frequencies supply on microbial protein synthesis in beef heifers -- Energy and protein interactions, monogastrics -- Exploring the biology of energy and protein utilization in non-ruminant animals to improve nutrient utilization efficiencies -- Effects of low birth weight and 3 wk feed restriction on energy metabolism in growing pigs -- Influence of feeding level and energy source on lysine requirements in growing pigs -- The use of free amino acids in piglet diets allows the formulation of very low crude protein diets -- Lysine concentration in dietary protein affects performance and pattern of nutrient retention of weaned Iberian piglets
Effect of processing of oilseed meals on the apparent ileal protein digestibility and performance in pigs -- Determination of the next limiting amino acid in young piglets -- Feeding low protein, amino acid-fortified diets did not affect performance and carcass composition of growing-finishing pigs -- Changes in protein turnover during pregnancy in pigs at amino acid intake in excess of requirements -- Effect of reducing dietary energy and protein on growth performance and carcass traits of broilers -- Metabolic use of a growing diet for red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa) chicks -- The amino acid composition of body protein in broilers is affected by the sulphur amino acid supply -- Body composition and nutrient partitioning in long term supplementation of betaine and conjugated linoleic acid in mice -- Effect of immunocastration in combination with addition of fat to diet on quantitative oxidation of nutrients and fat retention in male pigs
Net energy content of dry extruded-expelled soybean meal fed to growing pigs using indirect calorimetry -- Effect of early surgical castration and immune castration on postprandial nutrient profiles in male pigs -- Determination of the valine requirements for growth in pigs from 8 to 18 kg -- Ideal isoleucine and valine to lysine ratios in low protein diets for growing pigs -- Interaction between the valine and tryptophan requirement in young piglets -- Is high protein diet a good nutrition strategy for broiler chickens reared at heat stress condition? -- Evaluation of energy systems in corn and barley based diets and an enzyme complex in broiler chicks -- Various fiber fractions as energy supply to exercising horses -- Changes in protein turnover during pregnancy in pigs when feeding limiting amounts of amino acids. -- Meta-analytical study on the performance and utilization efficiency of different methionine sources by pigs
Estimating digestible threonine requirements for growing pigs by meta-analysis -- Lysine supply in finishing broilers: effect on performances and meat quality -- Tools and techniques -- Proteomic tools help understanding the metabolic adaptation to negative energy balance in dairy cows -- Quantifying subclinical ruminal drinking using a [13C]-[15N2]-urea based method in veal calves -- Estimation of 24-h energy expenditure in dairy cows using the 13C bicarbonate dilution method -- The impact of nutritional, animal and farm management factors on variation in milk urea content -- Metabolizable energy of pure stand alfalfa hay estimated from near infrared spectra -- Improving in sacco incubation technique to evaluate starch degradability of fresh and fermented corn silage for ruminants -- A titration approach to identify the capacity for starch digestion in milk-fed calves
Application of washed rumen technique for rapid determination of fasting heat production in steers -- Challenge models to study the effect of immune system activation on amino acid metabolism in pigs -- Effect of an enzyme complex and dietary nutrients on endogenous losses of amino acids in chicks -- Validation of the oral 13C-bicarbonate tracer technique against indirect calorimetry for the estimation of energy expenditure in resting dogs -- Validation of the 13C-bicarbonate tracer technique against indirect calorimetry for estimation of energy expenditure in resting ponies -- Biometry and bioelectrical impedance analysis to estimate body composition of fish tambatinga (Colossoma macropomum x Piaractus brachypomus) -- Evaluation of the infrared spectroscopy method for the quantification of NANOLIPE marker in feces of dairy cattle -- A continuous approach to assess methane production rate in ruminants using respiration chambers
880-01 Insulin signaling of glucose uptake in skeletal muscle of lactating dairy cows -- Influence of DGAT1 polymorphism on response of dairy cows to ruminal supplementation of linseed oil -- Correlations between plasma ghrelin and parameters of fat metabolism in early lactating dairy cows -- Effects of realimentation after nutrient restriction during early to mid-gestation on pancreatic digestive enzymes in beef cattle -- Inhibitory effect of ammonia on urea flux across rumen epithelium depends on level of serosal urea -- Effects of starch derived substrates on pancreatic and mucosal enzyme activities in milk-fed calves -- Effect of heat stress on intake and metabolism of Bos taurus (Angus) and Bos indicus (Nellore) -- Growth hormone releasing factor and secretion of growth hormone in Iberian and Landrace gilts -- Effects of a simple or a complex starter microbiota on the gastric transcriptome profile of caesarean derived piglets
880-01/(S Regulation -- Mechanisms of regulation of intramuscular fat deposition in porcine muscle by dietary lysine content -- Impact of dietary l-arginine supply during early gestation on myofiber development in newborn pigs -- Effect of feed restriction and birth weight on molecular and metabolic response in the liver of pigs -- Embryo thermal manipulation has long-lasting effects on energy metabolism in chickens -- Heat stress-induced overproduction of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species is down-regulated in laying-type chickens -- Functional roles of aquaporins and urea transporters in urea flux across the ruminal epithelium -- Modulation of insulin signaling by n-3 PUFA in chicken liver -- Hormone and metabolite levels differ between cerebrospinal fluid and plasma of periparturient dairy cows -- Hepatic α1- and β2-adrenergic receptors in dairy cows with different fat mobilization during early lactation
Bitter taste receptor genes in pigs: SNP identification by using next- generation semiconductor sequencing -- Post weaning growth and metabolism in F2-offspring of protein restricted mink dams -- Investigation of the glucose metabolism of the embryonic and neonatal broiler chicks by injection of insulin -- Stage of egg production regulates protein turnover and lysine partitioning for broiler breeders -- Lipid utilization for egg formation in broiler breeders -- The heat-induced production of reactive oxygen species regulates protein content in cultured chick skeletal muscle cells -- Modeling / systems biology -- Fasting heat production and metabolic body size in non-ruminant growing farm animals -- The evolution of INRA feeding systems for ruminants based on absorbed nutrients and animal responses -- Integrative model of the digestive tract including the interactions involved in energy and protein digestion in ruminants
Effects of diet composition during the finishing period on protein and lipid deposit in young bulls -- Integrating nutritional and reproductive models to improve reproductive efficiency in dairy cattle -- Use of thermodynamic equations to improve predictions of volatile fatty acid production by the Molly cow model -- BR-CORTE 1.0: online software for diet optimization on tropical conditions -- A structural equation model to analyze energy utilization in lactating dairy cows -- Protein deposition potential and modeling of methionine requirements in homozygous (Na/Na) and heterozygous (Na/na) naked neck meat type chicken -- Linear and non-linear estimates of the efficiency with which metabolizable energy is used for maintenance or gain -- Responses of laying hens to methionine and cystine intake -- Assessment of ideal dietary amino acid ratios between branched-chain amino acids for growing chicken
Meta-analysis of the response of growing pigs to valine content of the diet -- Prediction of dry matter intake in dairy calves -- Re-evaluation of lysine requirement of broilers based on protein deposition and lysine efficiency -- Ideal ratio (relative to lysine) of methionine + cystine and threonine for broiler breeders -- Prediction of net hepatic release of glucose using a 'hybrid' mechanistic model in ruminants applied to positive energy balance -- Products and health. Recent advances in understanding the interactions between nutrients and immunity in farm animals -- Milk fatty acid profile in dairy cows during a negative energy balance in early lactation and feed-restriction in mid-lactation -- The effect of long-term butyrate supplementation to high producing periparturient dairy cows -- Peripartal energy balance and peripheral blood mononuclear cell activation in normal and high mobilizing dairy cows
Impact of CFA and dietary protein supply on acute phase responses and nitrogen retention in pigs -- Nano-nutrition as a method of anticancer therapy -- Differential expression of innate immune system genes in liver of beef cattle with divergent phenotypes for RFI -- Effect of high-fat by-products pellets in finishing diets for steers -- Microbial activity in the large intestine of chickens fed diets containing different sources of inulin-type fructans -- Effect of dietary protein and carbohydrates on phenolic compounds formation in the large intestine of pigs -- Microbial activity in the large intestine of piglets fed diets with different sources of inulin -- Transgenic flax in high-fat diet inhibits inflammatory state development in mice liver -- Tissue metabolism. Mechanisms underlying variation in beef cattle feed efficiency: roles of muscle and adipose tissues. -- Adipose tissue preferences for acetate and glucose by finishing steers
Growth rate in beef cattle affects adipose gene expression and skeletal muscle fiber type -- First evidence of an insulin-sensitive glucose transporter in chicken: GLUT-12 -- Influence of mitochondrial function on feed efficiency of broilers with and without growth enhancing levels of minerals supplementation during a coccidiosis challenge -- Expression of amino acid transporter in porcine skeletal muscles during postnatal development -- Rate of rumen epithelial adaptation for sodium and short chain fatty acid absorption -- Ruminant-specific molecular and systemic adaptation of renal electrolyte handling to low N intake -- Nutrient utilization during inflammation differs between pigs selected for differences in feed efficiency -- Differential protein deposition in tissues of growing Iberian and Landrace x Large White pigs under identical nutritional management
Intravenous administration of arginine to twin-bearing ewes enhances birth weight and peri-renal fat stores of female offspring in sheep -- Effect of dietary protein concentration and forage type on nitrogen metabolism and nutrient flux across the portal drained viscera and the liver in lactating dairy cows -- Effect of abomasal amino acid infusion on splanchnic metabolism in postpartum transition dairy cows -- Net portal appearance of amino acids in Iberian compared to Landrace pigs -- Urea nitrogen absorbed from the hindgut is used efficiently for body protein deposition in pigs fed a diet deficient in non-essential amino acid nitrogen -- Supplementation with a leucine pulse during continuous feeding stimulates protein synthesis and suppresses protein degradation pathways in skeletal muscle of neonatal pigs -- Effects of copper nanoparticles on metabolic rate and development of layer embryos
880-02 The effect of dietary carbohydrate composition on net portal appearance of nutrients and AA liver uptake in dairy cows fed low protein diets -- Uptake of arterial amino acids by ruminal tissue in Holstein cows under washed rumen conditions -- Uptake of arterial amino acids by ruminal tissue in periparturient Holstein cows -- Effects of ethanol on splanchnic nutrient metabolism in sheep at different intake levels -- Contribution of amino acids to glucose and lactose synthesis in lactating dairy cows -- Contribution of essential amino acids to glucose metabolism and lactose secretion in late lactation dairy cows -- Mammary gland from lactating cows responded additively to individual essential amino acids in casein synthesis rate -- Effect of amino acid supply on whole body and tissue glucose kinetics in postpartum dairy cows
880-02/(S Atrogin-1, a muscle-specific ubiquitin ligase, is highly expressed in the smooth muscle of the chicken gizzard -- An in ovo 13C -tracer approach to explore liver intermediary metabolism in developing chicken embryos -- The high-fat diet and flaxseed cake influenced on lipid metabolism in mice selected for body weight -- Branched-chain α-keto acids in plasma of growing chicken: when is the time for blood sampling? -- Lean accretion and protein turnover are enhanced by intermittent bolus feeding in neonatal pigs -- Changes in tissue amino acid composition and protein metabolism in piglets due to a limiting supply of total sulphur amino acids -- Changes in fatty acid composition of intramuscular fat in growing Iberian and Landrace x Large White pigs under identical nutritional management -- Portal-drained viscera heat production in pigs fed betaine and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplemented diets
Effects of metabolizable protein supply on N efficiency: plasma amino acid concentrations in dairy cows -- Small intestinal, stomach complex, and total gastrointestinal tract masses are decreased relative to body weight in high efficiency steers -- Whole body oxidative metabolism in dairy cows with a different liver fat content in early lactation -- Lipolytic capacity of visceral adipose tissue in the dairy cow -- Effects of nutrient restriction on liver and small intestine energy use in pregnant beef cows -- The effect of pregnancy on weight change, visceral organ mass and circulating serum metabolites in mature beef cows -- Skeletal muscle fatty acid oxidation in lactating dairy cows during early lactation -- Transcriptome profile comparison between beef and dairy adipose pooled mRNA reveals differences
Effects of omitting the dry period on plasma progesterone and prolactin during lactogenesis and on colostrum IgG content in dairy cows during the periparturient period -- Environmental sustainability. The contribution of animal production to agricultural sustainability -- Environmental, social, and economic footprints of current and past beef production systems -- Effect of fat supplementation and stage of lactation on methane emission in dairy cows -- Methane emission and protein precipitating ability of condensed tannins from warm-season perennial legumes -- Short-term dose effects of feeding monensin on methane emissions from lactating Holstein dairy cattle -- Methane emission from sheep is related to concentrations of rumen volatile fatty acids -- Energy efficiency and methane emission by sheep fed sorghum silages at different maturation stage
Methane emission from lactating cows fed diets with different forage base -- Effect of condensed tannins on methane emission and ruminal microbial populations -- Methane emission by cattle supplemented with additives in Brazil -- Effect of paddy rice diets on performance in chickens under thermoneutral and heat stress conditions -- Effect of invertebrates on growth performance and feeding behavior of red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa) chicks -- Approach to determine the amino acid composition of the natural diet of red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa) -- Baldwin symposium. The life and legacy of Dr. Ransom Leland ('Lee') Baldwin V -- Application of mathematical modelling in animal nutrition, physiology and energy balance -- Contributions of Lee Baldwin to lactation biology -- Modeling animal growth with Lee Baldwin -- Advances in rumen microbiology
Summary As world population increases, demand for food and particularly animal products is expected to grow substantially. Because of limited area for expansion of animal agriculture and growing consumer concern for the environmental impact of animal production, gains in animal efficiency will have to be part of the solution. This book addresses key issues of how energy and protein are utilized and interact in farm animals from the molecular to the whole animal and even to the herd or group level of organization. It contains state-of-the-art research and reviews on several topics of nutrient utilization and metabolism from top scientists worldwide. Key issues addressed include energy/protein interactions, methodology such as in vitro and in vivo techniques, regulation including pre-natal programming and endocrine regulation, modeling and systems biology (including a tribute to the late Professor R. Lee Baldwin of the University of California, Davis, a leader in the field), products and health of animals, tissue metabolism, and environmental sustainability in agriculture. This book is a valuable resource for researchers, students, policy makers, producers and industry professionals believing that a better understanding of metabolism and nutrition of farm animals is part of the solution
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Animal nutrition -- Congresses.
Energy metabolism -- Congresses.
Proteins -- Metabolism -- Congresses.
Animal Nutrition Sciences.
Energy Metabolism.
Proteins -- metabolism.
Genre/Form Conference papers and proceedings.
Congress.
Conference papers and proceedings.
Form Electronic book
Author Oltjen, James W., editor
Kebreab, E., editor
Lapierre, Hélène, 1957- editor
European Association for Animal Production.
ISBN 9789086867813 (electronic bk.)
9086867812 (electronic bk.)
Other Titles 4th International Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition