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Author Sweeney, Tony, 1941-

Title Malaria frontline : Australian Army research during World War II / Tony Sweeney
Published Carlton, Vic. : Melbourne University Press, 2003


Location Call no. Vol. Availability
 W'PONDS  940.547594 Swe/Mfa  AVAILABLE
Description xxi, 354 pages, 24 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
regular print
Contents Foreword / C. R. B. Blackburn -- Prologue: Escape form Rabaul -- 1. War and Malaria -- 2. Critical Shortages of Antimalarial Supplies -- 3. Our Worst Enemy -- 4. Anti Sweat -- 5. Priority Neill -- 6. Neil Desperandum -- 7. Atebrin -- 8. The Atherton Conference -- 9. Subinoculation -- 10. Setbacks and Dilemmas in the US Program -- 11. Captured form the Enemy -- 12. 'SB' -- 13. The Birth of Chloroquine -- 14. The Problem of Vivax -- 15. Reorientation of the US Program -- 16. The Answer to the Maiden's Prayer -- 17. The Possibility of an 'X' Factor -- 18. Paludrine -- 19. Mode of Action -- 20. Tolerance and Immunity -- 21. Guinea Pigs -- 22. The Military Value of the Cairns Research -- 23. A Glorious Gamble in Science -- 24. Press Reports -- Epilogue: The Rise of Drug Resistance -- App. 4. Summary of Findings from Repatriation Medical Authority Workshop, July 1999
Summary "In June 1943 the Australian Army formed a special research team, the Land Headquarters Medical Research Unit, under the guidance of Neil Hamilton Fairley, to tackle the problem of malarial infection. Experiments at Cairns on more than 800 volunteers (including the artist Donald Friend) and over 300 malaria-infected soldiers from New Guinea, constituted the largest series of clinical trials involving experimental transmission of human malaria ever conducted. Malaria was transmitted to the volunteers by mosquitoes previously fed on soldiers who had acquired the disease in New Guinea, and test drugs were then administered to assess their efficacy." "By early 1944 the results showed that the drug atebrin provided complete protection, provided it was taken scrupulously each day. The rigid atebrin discipline adopted by the Australian Army resulted in the lowest malaria levels ever recorded among troops operating for extended periods in highly malarious areas - and helped turn the tide of the war." "This meticulously documented book is the result of more than a decade of investigation by Dr. Tony Sweeney. He chronicles the Australian search to find a cure for malaria and the scientific breakthroughs. Malaria Frontline puts this story into the context of the continuing global fight against malaria."--BOOK JACKET
Analysis Malaria
Medical research
Australian Army
World War 2
Notes Includes index
Bibliography Bibliography: pages 340-347
Subject Australia. Australian Army. Land Headquarters Medical Research Unit.
Malaria -- Prevention -- History.
Malaria -- Research -- Australia.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Health aspects -- Australia.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Medical care -- Australia.
Malaria -- history.
Malaria -- prevention & control.
Military Medicine -- history.
Mosquito Control -- history.
Research -- history.
ISBN 0522850332 :