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Author Baraket, Elinoar, author

Title Eli ben Amram and his companions : Jewish leadership in the eleventh-century Mediterranean Basin / Elinoar Baraket
Published Portland, Oregon : Sussex Academic Press, [2017]
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource
Contents Machine generated contents note: Part I -- ch. 1 Mediterranean Basin during the Eleventh Century -- 1.1. Political Map of the Mediterranean Basin during the Eleventh Century -- 1.2. Fatimid Caliphate in the Maghreb and Egypt -- 1.3. Byzantine Empire -- 1.4. Port Cities in the Catholic West (Italy) -- 1.5. Umayyad Dynasty and the Little Emirates in Spain -- 1.6. Zirid Berbers in the Maghreb -- 1.7. Abbasid Caliphate -- 1.7.1. Trade Revolution and Its Consequences -- 1.7.2. Jews under the Rule of Islam -- ch. 2 Jewish Community Leadership in Islamic Countries -- 2.1. Jewish Leadership and the Islamic Patronage -- 2.2. Image of rosh ha'gola in Babylon according to Literary Texts: "Day by day the king gave Jeoiachin a regular allowance as long as he lived." (Book of Kings II, chap. 25: 30) -- I. Composition on Mar Zutra II -- II. Akhbar Baghdad (A Chronicle by Nathan ha Cohen the Babylonian) -- III. Bustenai Story -- 2.2.1. Compilations by Muslim Authors -- 2.2.2. Conclusions: A Double-sided Mirror -- 2.3. rais al-yahud in Egypt -- 2.3.1. Scholarship Summary -- 2.3.2. Difficulties and Concerns -- 2.3.3. From Paltiel to Maimonides -- 2.3.4. Avraham haCoben haRofe ben Yitzhak ben Furat -- 2.4. Head of the Jews in Spain -- ch. 3 Perception of Community: Sacred Community -- 3.1. Significance of Kedusha and Kehila Kedosba -- 3.2. Synagogue: The Foundation for Kedusha -- 3.3. Leadership and the Public: Revealed and Secretive Aspects -- 3.4. Conduct of Jewish Leadership in Eleventh-Century Islamic Countries -- 3.5. Community Leadership -- 3.5.1. Authority -- 3.5.2. Aid Requests -- 3.6. Conclusions -- ch. 4 Eli ben Amram: A Leader and a Poet -- 4.1. Community of Fustat -- 4.2. Road to Leadership: Connections and Qualifications -- 4.3. Struggles on the Road to Leadership -- 4.4. Relationships with the Karaite Community -- 4.5. Inter-communitarian Relationships: The Nagidate in Spain -- 4.6. Establishing Leadership: Authorities and Achievements -- Part II -- ch. 5 Letter and the Poem: Domestic Communication Channels -- 5.1. Domestic Jewish Correspondences in Islamic Countries -- 5.2. Jewish Letter: Types and Genres -- 5.3. Letter as Means in Service of the Leadership -- 5.4. Linguistic and Poetic Elements -- 5.5. Poets as "Culture Heroes" -- 5.5.1. Use of Poetic Elements -- 5.5.2. Domestic and Foreign Jewish Influences -- 5.5.3. Mutual Influences: Spain, Egypt, Babylon and Palestine -- 5.5.4. Literacy in Poetry: A Symbol of Social Status -- 5.5.5. Poets: Culture Heroes -- 5.6. Biblical Code -- 5.6.1. Sentimental Descriptions -- 5.6.2. Public Aid Request -- 5.6.3. Personal Aid Request -- 5.7. Art of Introduction -- 5.7.1. Semiotic and Poetic Aspects -- 5.7.2. Images and Titles of Wisdom and Knowledge -- 5.7.3. Symbols of Light -- 5.7.4. Images from the World of Jewelry and Precious Objects -- 5.7.5. Symbolic Images from the Field of Perfumes, Medications, and Spices -- 5.7.6. Images from the Spheres of Plants -- ch. 6 Circles of Communication -- Circle I Figures in the Community of Fustat -- 6.1. Jerusalemite Congregation: Ephraim ben Shemaria and Yefet ben David -- 6.2. Babylonian Congregation -- 6.2.1. Sahlan ben Avraham -- 6.2.2. Nehorai ben Nissim -- 6.2.3. Yehuda haCohen harav ben Yoseph -- Circle II Prominent Figures and Courtiers in Fustat-Cairo -- 6.3. Karaite Figures in Fustat and Cairo -- 6.3.1. Karaite nesiim (leaders) -- 6.3.2. Other Karaite Figures -- 6.4. Figures in Cairo -- 6.4.1. Tustari Brothers -- 6.4.2. Rabbanite Figures: Avraham haCohen haRofe ben Yitzhak haRofe ben Furat -- 6.4.3. Rabbanites: Yehuda and Mevorach bnei (sons of) Saadia -- Circle III Leaders in Mediterranean Communities -- 6.5. Leaders of the Judeo-Spanish Community -- 6.6. Jewish Community Leaders in Babylon -- 6.7. Palestine Community Leaders -- 6.7.1. Gaon Shlomo ben Yehuda and His Associates -- 6.7.2. Nasi and Gaon Daniel ben Azaria -- 6.7.3. Other Figures from the Yeshiva in Palestine -- I. Eli haCohen ben Yehezkel -- II. Yesha'ayahu -- III. Nathan ben Yeshu'a haYerushalmi (the Jerusalemite) -- ch. 7 Closing Circles: Life, Society, and Culture in the Mediterranean -- Jewish Society -- Unity or Separation?
Summary "Eli Ben Amram's correspondence, discovered in the Genizah of Cairo, consists of his communications with Jewish figures from Egypt, Palestine, Babylon and Spain. As the Fustat community leader during the second half of the eleventh century his writings reveal not only the political situation pertaining to the Mediterranean Basin at the time, but are unique with regard to how Jewish society fared and functioned. He was a determined writer in that he expressed himself well on many topics and wrote up his plans for his community, as well as his reservations, in dozens of letters, court documents and poems, all of which were revealed in the Genizah. Although not a senior Jewish leader, he was head of the Fustat community in Egypt - the most important in the Jewish hemisphere during the eleventh century. He had been appointed by higher-ranked leaders, such as the Gaon from the Palestine Yeshiva, and by wealthy Jewish courtiers from Cairo. Ben Amram's local decision-making was dependent in some ways on the policies adopted by these leaders, but in turn they were aware of his key role and influence as leader of the wealthy Fustat community. His wide-ranging correspondence sheds light not only on Jewish leadership at this time, but on the prevailing circumstances under which Judaism was able to flourish"-- Provided by publisher
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Eli ben Amram -- Correspondence.
Cairo Genizah.
Jewish leadership -- Egypt -- Cairo -- History -- 11th century.
Jews -- Egypt -- Cairo -- History -- 11th century.
Jews -- Egypt -- Cairo -- Politics and government -- 11th century.
Fusṭāṭ (Cairo, Egypt) -- History -- 11th century.
Genre/Form History.
Records and correspondence.
Personal correspondence.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 1782841776 (electronic bk.)
9781782841777 (electronic bk.)