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E-book
Author Khey, David N.

Title Emerging trends in drug use and distribution / David N. Khey, John Stogner, Bryan Lee Miller
Published Cham ; New York : Springer, [2014]
©2014
Table of Contents
1.New Trends in Psychoactive Drug Use1
1.1.Introduction1
1.2.Defining Emerging Drugs3
1.3.Sources of Emerging Drugs5
1.4.General Patterns of Use6
1.5.Public Health Concerns7
1.6.Divergence from Federal Guidance and Law9
1.7.Setting the Tone10
 References10
2.Emerging Drugs, Today Versus Yesteryear13
2.1.Partitioning Recreational Drugs from Medicine13
2.1.1.Absinthe14
2.1.2.LSD18
2.1.3.Quaalude21
2.1.4.MDMA, Ketamine, and GHB23
2.2.Drug Scares and the Media25
2.3.Current Trends26
2.3.1.Newly Synthesized Analogues26
2.3.2.New to Us---Botanicals28
2.3.3.New Tricks for Old Drugs29
2.4.Connecting the Past to the Present30
 References31
3.Emerging Drug Trade and Use: Manufacturing, Marketing, and Understanding Novel Highs33
3.1.The Shadow Industry Profiting from Emerging Drug Use33
3.1.1.Drug Development and the Regulate and Reformulate Game35
3.1.2.Distribution and International Issues37
3.2.The Sale and Marketing of Novel Drugs38
3.2.1.Over the Counter Retail Sales38
3.2.2.Street Dealers and Black Market Distribution39
3.2.3.Online Sales40
3.3.The Role of the Internet in the Spread of Emerging Drugs42
3.4.Explaining Emerging Drug Use43
3.4.1.Traditional Explanations of Drug Use44
3.4.2.Emerging Drugs as Replacements for Banned Substances46
3.4.3.Emerging Drug Use as a Deviant Social Milestone47
 References48
4.Case Studies of Emerging Drugs: Salvia, Bath Salts, and Bromo-DragonFly53
4.1.Case Study 1: Salvia divinorum53
4.1.1.Historic Use of Salvia54
4.1.2.Modern Salvia Use54
4.1.3.Media Coverage and Regulation of Salvia55
4.1.4.The Scope of Salvia Use56
4.1.5.Salvia: An Internet Phenomenon?58
4.1.6.Typology of Salvia Users59
4.1.7.Lessons from Salvia Use in the USA61
4.2.Case Study 2: Synthetic Stimulants Called "Bath Salts"61
4.2.1.Bath Salts and the Body62
4.2.2.The Emergence of Bath Salt Use63
4.2.3.US Media and Cultural Panics Linked to Bath Salt Use65
4.2.4.Regulation of Bath Salts and Results66
4.2.5.Lessons from Bath Salts and the Future67
4.3.Case Study 3: Bromo-DragonFly, a Powerful Hallucinogen68
 References70
5.What Is Being Done About Emerging Drugs?75
5.1.The Controlled Substances Act75
5.1.1.Emergency Scheduling Powers76
5.1.2.Controlled Substance Analogues77
5.1.3.Food and Drug Administration78
5.2.A Move Away from the CSA79
5.2.1.State-Level Medicalization of Marijuana80
5.2.2.Salvia divinorum, Kratom, and other State Level Bans80
5.3.Synthetic Cannabinoids, Bath Salts, and the Synthetic Drug Abuse Prevention Act of 201283
5.4.International Regulations of Emerging Drugs84
5.5.Law Enforcement and Interdiction84
5.6.Prosecuting Emerging Drug Cases87
5.7.Crime Lab and Drug Testing88
5.8.Emerging Drug Prevention89
5.9.Future Directions90
 References92
 Index95
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Description 1 online resource (103 pages) : illustrations, maps
Series SpringerBriefs in criminology, 2192-8533 ; volume 12
SpringerBriefs in criminology ; v. 12. 2192-8533
Contents New Trends in Drugs of Abuse -- Historical Comparison in Development of Drug Trends: Impact of Internet -- Case Studies of Emerging Drugs: Salvia Divinorum, Bath Salts and Research Chemicals -- Policies, Law Enforcement and Public Health Responses -- Drug Policy for the 21st Century
Summary This Brief explores emerging trends in drug use and distribution. This timely Brief examines recent examples of emerging drugs including salvia (from the plant Salvia divinorum), bath salts (and other synthetic stimulants) and so-called research chemicals (primarily substituted phenethylamines, synthetic cousins of ecstasy), which have tended to receive brief levels of high intensity media coverage that may or may not reflect an actual increase in their usage. Over the past decade in particular, 'new' substances being used recreationally seem to come out of obscurity and gain rapid popularity, particularly spurred on by discussion and distribution over the internet. While changing trends in the drug market have always presented a challenge for law enforcement and public health officials, online forums, media coverage and other recent trends discussed in this Brief allow them to gain popularity more quickly and change more frequently. These rapid shifts allow less time for researchers to understand the potential health consequences of these substances and for law enforcement to stay abreast of abuses of legal substances. This work includes: 1) review of relevant research and literature, 2) review the Internet sources in which many deem important in influencing the emerging drug market, 3) discussion of national and international trends in use, abuse and distribution of these substances and 4) examination of current drug policy and recommendations for the future. This brief will be useful for criminology and criminal justice, sociology and public health. It will also be useful for those that deal with youth and the problems that may develop during adolescence and early adulthood
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Subject Drug utilization.
Public health.
Criminology.
Form Electronic book
Author Stogner, John.
Miller, Bryan Lee.
ISBN 1306542405 (MyiLibrary)
3319035746
3319035754 (electronic bk.)
9781306542401 (MyiLibrary)
9783319035741
9783319035758 (electronic bk.)