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Author Crittenden, Patricia McKinsey.

Title Assessing adult attachment : a dynamic-maturational approach to discourse analysis / Patricia M. Crittenden, Andrea Landini
Edition First edition
Published New York : W.W. Norton & Co., [2011]


Location Call no. Vol. Availability
Description x, 424 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Series A Norton professional book
Norton professional book.
Contents Machine generated contents note: 1.Introduction: "D'you Know What I Mean?" -- The Root of the Problem -- Why Do We Need a New Method? -- Introduction and Orientation to the AAI -- The Major Patterns of Attachment -- What Does the AAI Assess? -- For Whom Is An AAI Classification of Interest? -- Plan for the Book -- pt. I THE DYNAMIC-MATURATIONAL APPROACH TO ATTACHMENT THEORY -- 2.Theoretical Background -- Attachment and Patterns of Attachment -- The Dynamic-Maturational Classificatory System -- Conclusion -- 3.Information Processing -- Transformations of Sensory Stimuli -- Seven Transformations of Cognition and Affect -- Memory Systems and Dispositional Representations -- Integration and Reflective Integration -- Encoding, Remembering/Forgetting, and Retrieval -- Conclusion -- 4.Constructs Used in the Discourse Analysis of the Adult Attachment Interview -- History of Life Events/Experience -- Discourse and Associated Memory Systems -- Discourse Characteristics and Patterns of Attachment -- Coherence of Discourse -- pt. II THE CLASSIFICATORY SYSTEM -- Introduction to the Classificatory Chapters -- 5.Overview of the Type B (Balanced) Strategies -- General Characteristics Applying to All Type B (Balanced) Classifications -- B3 (Comfortably Balanced) -- B1 (Distanced From Past) -- B2 (Accepting) -- B4 (Sentimental) -- B5 (Complaining Acceptance) -- B0 (Balanced Other) -- 6.Overview of the Type A Strategies and A1-2 -- General Characteristics Applying to All Type A Classifications -- A1 (Idealizing) -- A2 (Distancing) -- 7.Compulsive Type A Strategies (A3-8): Coping With Danger -- A3 (Compulsive Caregiving and Compulsive Attention) -- A4 (Compulsive Compliance and Compulsive Performance) -- A5 (Compulsively Promiscuous, Socially or Sexually) -- A6 (Compulsively Self-Reliant, Social or Isolated) -- A7 (Delusional Idealization) -- A8 (Externally Assembled Self) -- 8.Overview of the Type C Strategies and C1-2 -- General Characteristics Applying to All Type C Classifications -- C1 (Threateningly Angry) -- C2 (Disarmingly Desirous of Comfort) -- 9.Obsessive Type C Strategies (C3-8): Coping With Uncertainty, Ambiguity, and Threat -- C3 (Aggressively Angry) -- C4 (Feigned Helpless) -- C5 (Punitively Angry and Obsessed With Revenge) -- C6 (Seductive and Obsessed With Rescue) -- Gradations Within C5-6 -- C7 (Menacing) -- C8 (Paranoid) -- 10.Combination Patterns: A/C and AC -- Types A/C and AC -- Insecure Other (IO) -- 11.Conditions That Reflect the Disruption of Interpersonal Self-Protective Strategies: Unresolved Trauma (Utr) or Loss (U1) -- Overview -- Advantages of DMM Conceptualization of Lack of Resolution -- 12.Conditions That Reflect the Failure of Interpersonal Self-Protective Strategies: A Move to the Intrapersonal and Extrafamilial Levels -- Overview -- Depressed -- Disoriented -- Intrusions of Forbidden Negative Affect -- Expressed Somatic Symptoms -- Reorganizing -- pt. III FROM THEORY TO APPLICATION -- 13.The Classificatory Process and Classificatory Guidelines -- General Issues Regarding Classification -- Interpreting and Using the History in the Process of Classification -- Comparing Dispositional Representations in Different Memory Systems -- Reaching a Classification -- Reliability -- Patterning and Process -- 14.But What Shall I Do? Transforming an AAI Classification Into a Plan for Treatment -- Adaptive and Nonadaptive States of Strategies -- Functional Formulation -- Making Sense of Strategic Functioning -- Applications of the AAI to Assessment and Treatment -- 15.Validity and Clinical Implications of the DMM-AAI -- Differences Between DMM and M&G -- Validation of the DMM-AAI -- Studies Using the DMM-AAI -- Future Directions for the Testing of DMM-AAI Validity -- 16.Conclusions -- Contributions of the AAI -- Limitations of the AAI -- Using the AAI -- Changing Direction
Summary "This book brings together a wealth of research, clinical and training experience, offering more than just a new approach to the analysis of adult attachment texts. It will be of great value for researchers, clinicians, and trainers."--Rudi Dallos, Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Plymouth --
Crittenden and Landini describe a method for identifying the psychological and interpersonal self-protective attachment strategies of adults by applying discourse analysis to semi-structured interviews. This method was developed in a multi-cultural context with special attention to the needs and characteristics of vulnerable and troubled adults, i.e., those exposed to the threats of low income, limited education, family conflict, and physical and psychological trauma. Based on Bowlby's notion of comparing individuals' multiple verbal representations (Bowlby, 1980), the method systematically probes different memory systems (Schacter & Tulving, 1994) to elicit representations of the relation of self to context. --
The method is ideally attuned to The Adult Attachment Interview (AAI, George, Kaplan, & Main, 1984, 1985, 1996), but other interviews, e.g., The Parents Interview (Crittenden, 1981) that probe memory systems systematically are equally amenable to analysis. --
The method employs the Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation (DMM). Central ideas are (1) the importance of exposure to danger in shaping mental and behavioral functioning, (2) the organized self-protective function of behavior that others have found inexplicable and unclassifiable, (3) representation of these functions in the preconscious construction of language, and (4) the dynamic and interactive quality of representation. --
Ainsworth's ABC patterns of infant attachment are the starting point from which the authors blaze a life-span view of adaptation that is both intuitively simple in structure and also complexly nuanced in execution. The DMM transforms attachment theory from a truth stuck in the late twentieth century to a process for posing questions suited to current science and a theory poised to accommodate future discoveries. --
DMM discourse analysis encompasses ideas as revolutionary as neurolinguistics once was and as fresh as the current revolution in the cognitive neurosciences. The method permits users to draw new and richer meanings from existing assessment tools, including reanalyzing existing AAI protocols. The outcome can change our understanding of interpersonal difficulty, psychiatric disorder, and criminal behavior. --
Whether used as a guide to treatment formulation or a basis for gathering empirical data, the book is a must for clinicians and researchers alike. --Book Jacket
Notes "A Norton professional book."
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Subject Attachment behavior.
Adulthood -- Psychological aspects.
Interpersonal relations.
Object Attachment.
Adult -- psychology.
Interpersonal Relations.
Interview, Psychological -- methods.
Models, Psychological.
Author Landini, Andrea.
LC no. 2010044398
ISBN 9780393706673 hardcover
0393706672 hardcover