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Title Risk assessment in oral health : a concise guide for clinical application / Iain L.C. Chapple, Panos N. Papapanou, editors
Published Cham : Springer, 2020


Description 1 online resource : illustrations
Contents Intro -- Contents -- Part I: Introduction: Risk Assessment in Modern Healthcare -- Introduction -- References -- Causal Inference and Assessment of Risk in the Health Sciences -- What Is Risk and How Is It Measured -- Risk and Measures of Association -- Causal Inference and Causal Models -- Populations Vs. Individuals -- Concluding Remarks: Risk and Causality in the Precision Era -- References -- Impact of Risk-Based Prevention on Public Oral Health -- Introduction -- Impact of Risk-Based Prevention During Four Decades in Jönköping, Sweden
Impact of Risk-Based Prevention in Karlstad, Sweden, During 30 Years -- Concluding Remarks -- References -- Part II: Risk Assessment in General and Oral Health -- Risk Assessment in CVD -- Burden of Cardiovascular Disease -- Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Diseases -- Other Diseases with Increased Risk of CVD -- Key Risk Factors for CVD -- Purpose and Target Populations of Risk Assessment in CVD -- Rationale for Cardiovascular Prevention -- Cardiovascular Prevention Strategies -- Why Assess CVD Risk? -- Who Should Undergo CVD Risk Estimation? -- Strategies of CVD Risk Assessment
Estimation of Total Cardiovascular Risk -- Usage of CVD Risk Calculators -- Lifetime Risk -- Preventive Recommendations -- Lifestyle Modifications -- Exercise and Increase of Physical Inactivity -- Weight Reduction -- Smoking Cessation -- Dietary Advice -- Preventive Medication -- Lipid-Lowering Drugs -- Aspirin -- Antihypertensive Medication -- Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus -- Effects of CVD Assessment in Primary Prevention -- Summary -- References -- Risk Assessment for Diabetes -- Introduction -- Methods of Risk Assessment -- Universal Blood Tests -- Non-Invasive Risk Assessment
Existing Non-Invasive Risk Assessments for Diabetes Related Outcomes -- International Example: The Finnish Diabetes Risk Score -- UK Examples: The Leicester Self-Assessment Score and The QDiabetes Risk Score -- National Guidance for Identifying Those at Risk of Diabetes -- Benefits of Risk Identification for Diabetes -- Early Treatment for T2DM -- Prevention of T2DM in those with NDH -- Evidence Gaps -- Summary -- References -- Risk Assessment in Periodontal Care: The Principles -- Introduction -- The Burden of Periodontitis and Individual Susceptibility -- Periodontitis as a Complex Disease
Pathogenesis of Periodontitis -- Multi-level Risk Assessment -- Risk Assessment for Behaviour Change -- Recommendations -- Conclusions -- Competing Interests -- References -- Caries Risk Assessment -- Introduction -- Caries Risk Assessment -- Methods and Models for CRA -- Accuracy of CRA -- Single Predictors -- Multivariate Models -- Clinical Applications of CRA -- Discussion -- Recommendations -- Conclusions -- References -- Risk Assessment: Tooth Wear -- Risk Assessing Each Component of Tooth Wear -- Risk Assessing Erosion -- Reflux Related Erosive Tooth Wear
Summary This book is a wide-ranging guide to risk assessment and risk-based prevention in oral health and dentistry. Readers will find clear explanation of the principles, models, and tools of risk assessment, as well as practical information on risk assessment in relation to periodontal disease, caries, tooth wear, and oral cancer. The lessons that the oral healthcare profession can learn from experiences regarding risk assessment in primary medical care practice, particularly in cardiovascular and diabetes medicine, are highlighted. The closing section focuses specifically on implementation of risk assessment within the dental practice, including training of the oral healthcare team and the need to take into account medicolegal considerations. The book is a very timely addition to the literature, given the move towards wellness- rather than repair-based models of healthcare in Europe and North America and the focus of dental contracts on risk-driven care pathways. It will be of high value for not only practitioners but also professionals in healthcare funding bodies
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Subject Mouth -- Diseases -- Risk factors
Mouth -- Diseases -- Prevention
Dentistry -- Risk assessment
Medical -- Dentistry -- General.
Mouth -- Diseases -- Prevention
Genre/Form Electronic books
Form Electronic book
Author Chapple, Iain L. (Iain Leslie)
Papapanou, Panos N.
ISBN 9783030386474