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Author National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Future Science Opportunities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean.

Title Future science opportunities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean / Committee on Future Science Opportunities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean, Polar Research Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council of the National Academies
Published Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, [2011], ©2011


Description 1 online resource (xiv, 195 pages) : illustrations
Contents Introduction -- Fundamental questions of global change -- Fundamental questions of scientific discovery -- Opportunities to enhance research in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean -- Future directions in Antarctic and Southern Ocean science
Summary "Antarctica and the surrounding Southern Ocean remains one of the world's last frontiers. Covering nearly 14 million km² (an area approximately 1.4 times the size of the United States), Antarctica is the coldest, driest, highest, and windiest continent on Earth. While it is challenging to live and work in this extreme environment, this region offers many opportunities for scientific research. Ever since the first humans set foot on Antarctica a little more than a century ago, the discoveries made there have advanced our scientific knowledge of the region, the world, and the Universe--but there is still much more to learn. However, conducting scientific research in the harsh environmental conditions of Antarctica is profoundly challenging. Substantial resources are needed to establish and maintain the infrastructure needed to provide heat, light, transportation, and drinking water, while at the same time minimizing pollution of the environment and ensuring the safety of researchers. Future Science Opportunities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean suggests actions for the United States to achieve success for the next generation of Antarctic and Southern Ocean science. The report highlights important areas of research by encapsulating each into a single, overarching question. The questions fall into two broad themes: (1) those related to global change, and (2) those related to fundamental discoveries. In addition, the report identified key science questions that will drive research in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean in coming decades, and highlighted opportunities to be leveraged to sustain and improve the U.S. research efforts in the region."--Publisher's description
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 151-160)
Notes Print version record
Subject Global environmental change.
SCIENCE -- Study & Teaching.
Global environmental change
Research -- Government policy
Antarctica -- Research -- Government policy -- United States
Antarctic Ocean -- Government policy -- Research -- United States
Antarctica -- Climatic factors
Antarctic Ocean -- Climatic factors
United States
Antarctic Ocean
Form Electronic book
Author National Research Council (U.S.). Polar Research Board.
LC no. 2011275605
ISBN 030921470X