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Book Cover
Author Stec, David E

Title Heme oxygenase and the kidney / David E. Stec
Published San Rafael, Calif. : Morgan & Claypool Life Sciences, ©2011


Description 1 online resource (viii, 71 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Series Integrated systems physiology, from molecule to function to disease ; Lecture #24
Colloquium series on integrated systems physiology ; #24.
Contents 1. Introduction to the HO system -- 1.1 Historical background of discovery -- 1.2 Description of reaction and products -- 1.3 Isoforms and distribution in the kidney
2. HO and renal vascular function -- 2.1 Expression of HO isoforms in the renal vasculature -- 2.2 Effects of HO and its metabolites on renal vascular tone -- 2.3 HO and renal autoregulation
3. HO and renal tubule function -- 3.1 HO and proximal tubule function -- 3.2 HO and thick ascending loop of henle function -- 3.3 HO and distal tubule function
4. HO and acute kidney injury -- 4.1 Ischemia-reperfusion injury -- 4.2 Nephrotoxin-induced acute kidney injury -- 4.3 Radiocontrast-induced acute kidney injury -- 4.4 Nephritis
5. HO and chronic kidney injury -- 5.1 Hypertension-induced kidney injury -- 5.2 Diabetic nephropathy -- 5.3 Renal transplantation -- 5.4 Renal cancers
6. Future of renal HO research -- 6.1 Animal models -- 6.2 Viruses and SiRNA -- 6.3 New HO pharmacological reagents -- 6.4 Summary -- References -- Author biography
Summary Heme oxygenases (HOs) are the enzymes responsible for the breakdown of heme and the generation of biliverdin/bilirubin and carbon monoxide (CO). The kidney is a complex organ consisting of many different cell types all working together for the single purpose of filtering the blood to eliminate waste products and conserving ions, minerals, and water necessary for life. HO enzymes and their products play a critical role in the normal function of the kidney as well as protecting the kidney from various insults including ischemia and exposure to nephrotoxins. For example, the HO metabolite, bilirubin, is a potent antioxidant which can limit damage to renal tubular epithelial cells following exposure to nephrotoxins associated with chemotherapy or traumatic injury. Another HO metabolite, CO, is an important vasodilator of renal blood vessels and helps protect against severe decreases in renal blood flow in conditions as diverse as exposure to radiocontrast agents and in hypertension-induced kidney disease. HO and its metabolites also play an important role in the survival of kidney cells after acute and chronic injuries by regulating important cell growth and programmed cell death pathways. The intent of this volume is to highlight the important role that HO enzymes and their related metabolites, bilirubin and CO, play in the regulation of renal function and in the response of the kidney to both acute and chronic pathologies
Analysis heme oxygenase
carbon monoxide
renal blood flow
ischemic renal failure
radiocontrast injury
blood pressure
renal transplantation
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 51-69)
Subject Heme oxygenase.
Kidneys -- Physiology
Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing)
Kidney -- physiology
MEDICAL -- Physiology.
SCIENCE -- Life Sciences -- Human Anatomy & Physiology.
Heme oxygenase
Kidneys -- Physiology
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9781615042142
Other Titles Colloquium digital library of life sciences: Collection 1