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Author Cohen, Mark R., 1943-

Title Maimonides and the merchants : Jewish law and society in the medieval Islamic world / Mark R. Cohen
Published Philadelphia, PA : University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc., 2017


Description 1 online resource (x, 236 pages)
Series Jewish culture and contexts
Jewish culture and contexts.
Contents Introduction -- Codification and legal change -- Halakha and the custom of the merchants -- Updating the Halakha -- Partnership -- Commercial agency (Ṣuḥba) -- Ṣuḥba -- Agency in the code -- Proxy legal agency -- Sale and contract -- Judicial autonomy -- Conclusion : legal change and originality
Summary The advent of Islam in the seventh century brought profound economic changes to the Jews living in the Middle East, and Talmudic law, compiled in and for an agrarian society, was ill equipped to address an increasingly mercantile world. In response, and over the course of the seventh through eleventh centuries, the heads of the Jewish yeshivot of Iraq sought precedence in custom to adapt Jewish law to the new economic and social reality. In Maimonides and the Merchants, Mark R. Cohen reveals the extent of even further pragmatic revisions to the halakha, or body of Jewish law, introduced by Moses Maimonides in his Mishneh Torah, the comprehensive legal code he compiled in the late twelfth century. While Maimonides insisted that he was merely restating already established legal practice, Cohen uncovers the extensive reformulations that further inscribed commerce into Jewish law. Maimonides revised Talmudic partnership regulations, created a judicial method to enable Jewish courts to enforce forms of commercial agency unknown in the Talmud, and even modified the halakha to accommodate the new use of paper for writing business contracts. Over and again, Cohen demonstrates, the language of Talmudic rulings was altered to provide Jewish merchants arranging commercial collaborations or litigating disputes with alternatives to Islamic law and the Islamic judicial system
Bibliography Includes chapter notes (pages 153-208), bibliographical references (pages 209-227), and index
Notes In English
Print version record
Subject Maimonides, Moses, 1135-1204. Mishneh Torah.
SUBJECT Maimonides, Moses 1135-1204 gnd
Jeschiwa gnd
Mishneh Torah (Maimonides, Moses) fast
Subject Jewish merchants -- Islamic Empire -- History -- To 1500
Commercial law (Jewish law) -- History -- To 1500
Partnership (Jewish law) -- History -- To 1500
RELIGION -- Judaism -- General.
HISTORY / Medieval
Commercial law (Jewish law)
Ethnic relations
Jewish merchants
Partnership (Jewish law)
SUBJECT Islamic Empire -- Commerce -- History -- To 1500
Islamic Empire -- Ethnic relations -- History -- To 1500
Subject Islamic Empire
Genre/Form History
Form Electronic book
LC no. 2016055419
ISBN 0812294009
Other Titles Jewish law and society in the medieval Islamic world