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Book Cover
Author Cummings, Michael R.

Title Human heredity : principles & issues / Michael R. Cummings
Edition Ninth edition
Published Belmont, CA : Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning, [2011]


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 MELB  599.935 Cum/Hhp 2011  AVAILABLE
 MELB  599.935 Cum/Hhp 2011  AVAILABLE
 MELB  599.935 Cum/Hhp 2011  AVAILABLE
 MELB  599.935 Cum/Hhp 2011  AVAILABLE
 W'PONDS  599.935 Cum/Hhp 2011  AVAILABLE
 W'PONDS  599.935 Cum/Hhp 2011  AVAILABLE

Description xxxi, 467 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
Contents Contents note continued: 16.Reproductive Technology, Genetic Testing, and Gene Therapy -- 16.1.Infertility is a Common Problem -- Infertility is a complex problem -- Infertility in women has many causes -- Infertility in men involves sperm defects -- Spotlight on ... Fatherless Mice -- Other causes of infertility -- 16.2.Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) Expand Childbearing Options -- Intrauterine insemination uses donor sperm -- Egg retrieval or donation is an option -- In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a widely used form of ART -- GIFT and ZIFT are based on IVF -- Surrogacy is a controversial form of ART -- 16.3.Ethical Issues in Reproductive Technology -- Spotlight on ... Reproductive Technologies from the Past -- The use of ART carries risks to parents and children -- 16.4.Genetic Testing and Screening -- Exploring Genetics: The Business of Making Babies -- Newborn screening is universal in the United States --
Contents note continued: 17.3.The Complement System Kills Microorganisms -- 17.4.The Adaptive Immune Response Is a Specific Defense Against Infection -- How does the immune response function? -- The antibody-mediated immune response involves several stages -- Antibodies are molecular weapons against antigens -- T cells mediate the cellular immune response -- The immune system has a memory function -- 17.5.Blood Types Are Determined by Cell-Surface Antigens -- ABO blood typing allows for safe blood transfusions -- Rh blood types can cause immune reactions between mother and fetus -- 17.6.Organ Transplants Must be Immunologically Matched -- Successful transplants depend on HLA matching -- Copy number variation (CNV) and transplant success -- Genetic engineering makes animal-human organ transplants possible -- 17.7.Disorders of the Immune System -- Overreaction in the immune system causes allergies -- Autoimmune reactions cause the immune system to attack the body --
Contents note continued: 2.4.Mitosis is Essential for Growth and Cell Replacement -- 2.5.Cell Division by Meiosis: The Basis of Sex -- Meiosis I Reduces the Chromosome number -- Meiosis II Begins with haploid cells -- Meiosis produces new combinations of genes in two ways -- 2.6.Formation of Gametes -- 3.Transmission of Genes from Generation to Generation -- 3.1.Heredity: How Are Traits Inherited? -- Spotlight on ... Mendel and Test Anxiety -- 3.2.Mendel's Experimental Design Resolved Many Unanswered Questions -- 3.3.Crossing Pea Plants: Mendel's Study of Single Traits -- What were the results and conclusions from Mendel's first series of crosses? -- The principle of segregation describes how a single trait is inherited -- Exploring Genetics: Ockham's Razor -- 3.4.More Crosses with Pea Plants: The Principle of Independent Assortment -- Mendel performed crosses involving two traits -- Analyzing the results and drawing conclusions --
Contents note continued: 4.3.Autosomal Dominant Traits -- Marfan syndrome is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait -- 4.4.Sex-Linked Inheritance Involves Genes on the X and Y Chromosomes -- X-Linked dominant traits -- X-Linked Recessive traits -- Color blindness is an X-linked recessive trait -- Some forms of muscular dystrophy are X-linked recessive traits -- Spotlight on... Hemophilia, HIV, and AIDS -- 4.5.Paternal Inheritance: Genes on the Y Chromosome -- 4.6.Non-Mendelian Inheritance: Maternal Mitochondrial Genes -- Exploring Genetics: Hempophilia and History -- 4.7.An Online Catalog of Human Genetic Traits is Available -- 4.8.Many Factors Can Affect the Outcome of Pedigree Analysis -- Phenotypes are often age-related -- Penetrance and expressivity cause variations in phenotype -- Common recessive alleles can produce pedigrees that resembel dominant inheritance -- 5.The Inheritance of Complex Traits -- 5.1.Some Traits Are Controlled by Two or More Genes --
Contents note continued: 6.7.Sturctural Changes Within Chromosomes -- Deletions involve loss of chromosomal material -- Translocations involve exchange of chromosomal parts -- 6.8.What are Some Consequences of Aneuploidy? -- 6.9.Other Forms of Chromosome Changes -- Uniparental disomy -- Copy number variation -- Fragile sites appear as gaps or breaks in chromosomes -- 7.Development and Sex Determination -- 7.1.The Human Reproductive System -- The male reproductive system -- The female reproductive system -- Spotlight on ... The Largest Cell -- Are there differences in the timing of meiosis and gamete formation in males and females? -- 7.2.A Survey of Human Development from Fertilization to Birth -- Development is divided into three trimesters -- Organ formation occurs in the first trimester -- The second trimester is a period of organ maturation -- Rapid growth takes place in the third trimester -- Birth is hormonally induced -- 7.3.Teratogens Are a Risk to the Developing Fetus --
Contents note continued: 9.6.Polypeptides Are Processed and Folded to Form Proteins -- How many proteins can human cells make? -- Proteins are sorted and distributed to their cellular locations -- 9.7.Protein Structure and Function Are Related -- Improper protein folding can be a factor in disease -- 9.8.Several Mechanisms Regulate the Expression of Genes -- Chromatin remodeling and access to promoters -- DNA methylation can silence genes -- RNA interference is one mechanism of post-transcriptional regulation -- Translational and post-translational mechanisms regulate the production ofProteins -- 10.From Proteins to Phenotypes -- 10.1.Proteins are the Link Between Genes and the Phenotype -- 10.2.Enzymes and Metabolic Pathways -- 10.3.Phenylketonuria: A Mutation That Affects an Enzyme -- How is the metabolism of phenylalanine related to PKU? -- Spotlight on... Why Wrinkled Peas Are Wrinkled -- How does the buildup of phenylalanine produce mental retardation? --
Contents note continued: Amniocentesis collects cells from the fluid surrounding the fetus -- Chorionic villus sampling retrieves fetal tissue from the placenta -- Exploring Genetics: Noninvasive Prenatal Diagnosis -- 6.4.Variations in Chromosome Number -- Chromosome abnormalities in humans are common -- Polyploidy changes the number of cromosomal sets -- Triploidy -- Tetraploidy -- Aneuploidy changes the number of individual chromosomes -- Autosomal monosomy is a lethal condition -- Autosomal trisomy is relatively common -- Trisomy 13: Patau syndrome (47,+13) -- Trisomy 18: Edwards syndrome (47,+18) -- Trisomy 21: Down syndrome (47,+21) -- 6.5.What are the Risks for Autosomal Trisomy? -- Maternal age is the leading risk factor for trisomy -- Why is maternal age a risk factor? -- 6.6.Aneuploidy of the Sex Chromosomes -- Turner Syndrome (45, X) -- Klinefelter syndrome (47, XXY) -- XYY syndrome (47, XYY) -- What can we conclude about sex-chromosome aneuploidy? --
Contents note continued: BRCA1 and BRCA2 are DNA repair genes -- Spotlight on ... Male Breast Cancer -- Breast cancer risks depend on genotype -- 12.6.Colon Cancer is a Genetic Model for Cancer -- FAP causes chromosome instability and colon cancer -- HNPCC is caused by DNA repair defects -- 12.7.Hybrid Genes, Epigenetics, and Cancer -- Some chromosome rearrangements cause leukemia -- 12.8.Genomics and Cancer -- Sequencing cancer genomes identifies cancer-associated genes -- Epigenetics and cancer -- Targeted therapy offers a new approach to treating cancer -- The Genetic Revolution: Cancer Stem Cells -- Exploring Genetics: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) -- 12.9.Cancer and the Environment -- Some viral infections lead to cancer -- What other environmental factors are related to cancer? -- 13.An Introduction to Genetic Technology -- 13.1.What Are Clones? -- Animals can be cloned by several methods -- 13.2.Cloning Genes Is a Multistep Process --
Contents note continued: Both carrier and prenatal testing are done to screen for genetic disorders -- The use of PGD raises ethical issues -- Prenatal testing is associated with risks -- 16.5.Gene Therapy promises to Correct Many Disorders -- What are the strategies for gene transfer? -- Gene therapy showed early promise -- The Genetic Revolution: Should I Save Cord Blood? -- There are ethical issues associated with gene therapy -- Gene doping is a controversial form of gene therapy -- 16.6.Genetic Counseling Assesses Reproductive Risks -- Why do people seek genetic counseling? -- How does genetic counseling work? -- 17.Genes and the Immune System -- 17.1.The Body Has Three Levels of Defense Against Infection -- The skin is not part of the immune system but is a physical barrier -- There are two parts to the immune system that protect against infection -- 17.2.The Inflammatory Response is a General Reaction -- Genetic disorders cause inflammatory diseases --
Contents note continued: Calculating the frequency of X-linked alleles -- 19.3.Measuring Genetic Diversity in Human Population -- Mutation generates new alleles but has little impact on allele frequency -- Genetic drift can change allele frequencies -- Natural selection acts on variation in populations -- 19.4.Natural Selection Affects the Frequency of Genetic Disorders -- Exploring Genetics: Lactose Intolerance and Culture -- Selection can rapidly change allele frequencies -- 19.5.Genetic Variation in Human Populations -- Are there human races? -- 19.6.The Evolutionary History and Spread of Our Species (Homo Sapiens) -- Our evolutionary heritage begins with hominoids -- Early humans emerged almost 5 million years ago -- Our species, Homo sapiens, originated in Africa -- Ancient migrations dispersed humans across the globe -- 19.7.Genomics and Human Evolution -- The human and chimpanzee genomes are similar in many ways -- The Genetic Revolution: Tracing Ancient Migrations --
Contents note continued: Chromosomes have a complex structure -- Centromeres and telomeres are specialized chromosomal regions -- The nucleus has a highly organized architecture -- 9.Gene Expression and Gene Regulation -- 9.1.The Link Between Genes and Proteins -- How are genes and enzymes related? -- Genetic information is stored in DNA -- The relationship between genes and proteins -- 9.2.The Genetic Code: The Key to Life -- 9.3.Tracing the Flow of Genetic Information from Nucleus to Cytoplasm -- Spotlight on ... Mutations in Splicing Sites and Genetic Disorders -- 9.4.Transcription Produces Genetic Messages -- Messenger RNA is processed and spliced -- 9.5.Translation Requires the Interaction of Several Components -- Amino acids are subunits of proteins -- Messenger RNA, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA interact during translation -- Translation produces polypeptides from information in mRNA -- Exploring Genetics: Antibiotics and Protein Synthesis --
Contents note continued: DNA can be cut at specific sites using restriction enzymes -- Vectors serve as carriers of DNA to be cloned -- Recombinant DNA molecules are inserted into host cells for cloning -- 13.3.Cloned Libraries -- 13.4.Finding a Specific Clone in a Library -- Exploring Genetics: Asilomar: Scientists Get Involved -- Spotlight on ... Can We Clone Endangered Species? -- 13.5.A Revolution in Cloning: The Polymerase Chain Reaction -- 13.6.Analyzing Cloned Sequences -- The Southern blot technique can be used to analyze cloned sequences -- DNA sequencing is one form of genome analysis -- Exploring Genetics: DNA Sequencing -- 13.7.DNA Microarrays Are Used to Analyze Gene Expression -- 14.Biotechnology and Society -- 14.1.Biopharming: Making Human Proteins in Animals -- Human proteins can be made in animals -- Transgenic plants may replace animal hosts for making human proteins -- 14.2.Using Stem Cells to Treat Disease --
Contents note continued: Exploring Genetics: Peanut Allergies Are Increasing -- Genetic disorders can impair the immune system -- HIV attacks the immune system -- 18.Genetics of Behavior -- 18.1.Models, Methods, and Phenotypes in Studying Behavior -- There are several genetic models for inheritance and behavior -- Methods of studying behavior genetics often involve twin studies -- Phenotypes: how is behavior defined? -- Exploring Genetics: Is Going to Medical School a Genetic Trait? -- The nervous system is the focus of behavior genetics -- 18.2.Animal Models: The Search for Behavior Genes -- Transgenic animals are used as models of human neurodegenerative disorders -- 18.3.Single Genes Affect the Nervous System and Behavior -- Huntington disease is a model for neurodegenerative disorders -- There is a genetic link between language and brain development -- 18.4.Single Genes Control Aggressive Behavior and Brain Metabolism -- Geneticists have mapped a gene for aggression --
Contents note continued: How effective is testing for PKU in newborns? -- PKU can be treated with a diet low in phenylalanine -- How long must a PKU diet be maintained? -- What happens when women with PKU have children? -- 10.4.Other Metabolic Disorders in the Phenylalanine Pathway -- Exploring Genetics: Dietary Management and Metabolic Disorders -- 10.5.Genes and Enzymes of Carbohydrate Metabolism -- Galactosemia is caused by an enzyme deficiency -- Lactose intolerance is a genetic variation -- 10.6.Defects in Transport Proteins: Hemoglobin -- Hemoglobin disorders -- Spotlight on ... Population Genetics of Sickle Cell Genes -- Sickle cell anemia is an autosomal recessive disorder -- Treatment for sickle cell anemia includes drugs for gene switching -- 10.7.Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics -- Tasted and smell differences: we live in different sensory worlds -- Exploring Genetics: The First Molecular Disease -- Drug sensitivities are genetic traits --
Contents note continued: Linkage and recombination can be measured by lod scores -- Recombinant DNA technology radically changed gene-mapping efforts -- 15.2.Genome Projects Are an Outgrowth of Recombinant DNA Technology -- 15.3.Genome Projects have Created New Scientific Fields -- 15.4.Genomics: Sequencing, Identifying, and Mapping Genes -- Scientists can analyze genomic information with bioinformatics -- Annotation is used to find where the genes are -- Spotlight on ... Our Genetic Relative -- As genes are discovered, the function of their encoded proteins are studied -- 15.5.What Have We Learned So Far About the Human Genome? -- New disease-related types of mutations have been discovered -- Nucleotide variation in genomes is common -- 15.6.Using Genomics to Study a Human Genetic Disorder -- 15.7.Proteomics is an Extension of Genomics -- 15.8.Ethical Concerns About Human Genomics -- Exploring Genetics: Who Owns Your Genome? --
Contents note continued: Mammalian females can be mosaics for X chromosome gene expression -- How and when are X chromosomes inactivated? -- 7.8.Sex-Related Phenotypic Effects -- Sex-influenced traits -- Sex-limited traits -- Imprinted genes -- 8.The Structure, Replication, and Chromosomal Organization of DNA -- 8.1.DNA Is the Carrier of Genetic Information -- DNA can transfer genetic traits between bacterial strains -- DNA carries genetic information in viruses -- Exploring Genetics: DNA for Sale -- 8.2.The Chemistry of DNA -- Understanding the structure of DNA requires a review of some basic chemistry -- Nucleotides are the building blocks of nucleic acids -- 8.3.The Watson-Crick Model of DNA Structure -- The Genetic Revolution: What Happens When Your Genes Are Patented? -- 8.4.RNA Is a Single-Stranded Nucleic Acid -- 8.5.DNA Replication Depends on Complementary Base Pairing -- Stages of DNA replication -- 8.6.The Organization of DNA in Chromosomes --
Contents note continued: Mutations can be caused by nucleotide deletions and insertions -- Mutations can involve more than one nucleotide -- Trinucleotide repeat expansion is related to anticipation -- 11.6.Mutations and DNA Damage Can Be Repaired -- Cells have several DNA repair systems -- Genetic disorders can affect DNA repair systems -- 11.7.Mutations, Genotypes, and Phenotypes -- 11.8.Genomic Imprinting is a Reversible Alteration of the Genome -- 12.Genes and Cancer -- 12.1.Cancer Is a Genetic Disorder of Somatic Cells -- 12.2.Cancer begins in a Single Cell -- 12.3.Most Cancers Are Sporadic, but Some Have an Inherited Susceptibility -- 12.4.Mutations in Cancer Cells Disrupt Cell-Cycle Regulation -- The RB1 gene controls the G1/S Checkpoint of the cell cycle -- The ras genes are proto-oncogenes that regulate cell growth and division -- 12.5.Mutant Cancer Genes Affect DNA Repair Systems and Genome Stability -- Mutant DNA repair genes cause a predisposition to breast cancer --
Contents note continued: Neanderthals are not closely related to us -- Chimpanzees, modern humans, and Neanderthals share a gene important in language development
Contents note continued: Phenotypes can be discontinuous or continuous -- What are complex traits? -- 5.2.Polygenic Traits and Variation in Phenotype -- Defining the genetics behind continuous phenotypic variation -- How many genes control a polygenic trait? -- 5.3.The Additive Model for Polygenic Inheritance -- Averaging out the phenotype is called regression to the mean -- 5.4.Multifactorial Traits: Polygenic Inheritance and Environmental Effects -- The Genetic Revolution: Dissecting Genes and Environment in Spina Bifida -- Several methods are used to study multifactorial traits -- 5.5.Heritability Measures the Genetic Contribution to Phenotypic Variation -- Heritability estimates are based on known levels of genetic relatedness -- 5.6.Twin Studies and Multifactorial Traits -- The biology of twins includes monozygotic and dizygotic twins -- Concordance rates in twins -- Exploring Genetics: Twins, Quintuplets, and Armadillos --
Contents note continued: Radiation, viruses, and chemicals can be teratogens -- Fetal alcohol syndrome is a preventable tragedy -- 7.4.How Is Sex Determined? -- Environmental interactions can help determine sex -- Chromosomes can help determine sex -- The human sex ration changes with stages of life -- 7.5.Defining Sex in Stages: Chromosomes, Gonads, and Hormones -- Exploring Genetics: Sex Testing in the Olympics---Biology and a Bad Idea -- Sex differentiation begins in the embryo -- Hormones help shape male and female phenotypes -- 7.6.Mutations Can Uncouple Chromosomal Sex from Phenotypic Sex -- Androgen insensitivity can affect the sex phenotype -- Exploring Genetics: Joan of Arc---Was It Really John of Arc? -- Mutations can cause sex phenotypes to change at puberty -- 7.7.Equalizing the Expression of X Chromosome Genes in Males and Females -- Dosage compensation makes XX aqual XY -- Mice, Barr bodies, and X inactivation can help explain dosage compensation --
Contents note continued: Sensitivity to anesthetics -- Allele variations and breast cancer therapy -- 10.8.Ecogenetics -- What is ecogenetics? -- Sensitivity to pesticides varies widely in different populations -- The Genetic Revolution: PKU -- 11.Mutation: The Source of Genetic Variation -- 11.1.Mutations Are Heritable Changes in DNA -- 11.2.Mutations Can Be Detected in Several Ways -- 11.3.Measuring Spontaneous Mutation Rates -- Mutation rates for specific genes can sometimes be measured -- Why do genes have different mutation rates? -- 11.4.Environmental Factors Influence Mutation Rates -- Radiation is one source of mutations -- How much radiation are we exposed to? -- Chemicals can cause mutations -- Base analogs -- Chemical modification of bases -- Exploring Genetics: Flame Retardants: Are They Mutagens? -- Chemicals that insert into DNA -- 11.5.Mutations at the Molecular Level: DNA as a Target -- Many hemoglobin mutations are caused by nucleotide substitutions --
Contents note continued: Stem cells provide insight into basic biological processes -- Stem-cell-based therapies may treat many diseases -- 14.3.Genetically Modified Foods -- Transgenic crop plants can be made resistant to herbicides and disease -- Spotlight on ... Bioremediation: Using Bugs to Clean up Waste Sites -- Enhancing the nutritional value of foods -- Functional foods and health -- What are some concerns about genetically modified organisms? -- 14.4.Transgenic Animals as Models of Human Diseases -- Scientists use animal models to study human diseases -- 14.5.DNA Profiles as Tools for Identification -- Making DNA profiles -- DNA profiles are used in forensics -- Exploring Genetics: Death of a Czar -- DNA profiles have many other uses -- 14.6.Social and Ethical Questions About Biotechnology -- 15.Genomes and Genomics -- 15.1.Genome Sequencing Is an Extension of Genetic Mapping -- Recombination frequencies are used to make genetic maps --
Contents note continued: Stem-Cell research offers hope for treating many diseases -- Biotechnology is impacting everyday life -- 1.7.What Choices Do We Make in the Era of Genomics and Biotechnology? -- 2.Cells and Cell Division -- 2.1.The Chemistry of Cells -- Spotlight on ... A Fatal Membrane Flaw -- 2.2.Cell Structure Reflects Function -- There are two cellular domains: the plasma membrane and the cytoplasm -- Organelles are specialized structures in the cytoplasm -- The endoplasmic reticlulum folds, sorts, and ships proteins -- Molecular sorting takes place in the Golgi Complex -- Lysosomes are cytoplasmic disposal sites -- Mitochondria are sites of energy conversion -- The nucleus contains chromosomes -- 2.3.The Cell Cycle Describes the life history of a Cell -- Interphase has three stages -- Cell division by mitosis occurs in four stages -- Spotlight on...Cell Division and Spinal Cord Injuries -- Cytokinesis divides the cytoplasm --
Contents note continued: The principle of independent assortment explains the inheritance of two traits -- 3.5.Meiosis Explains Mendel's Results: Genes Are on Chromosomes -- Exploring Genetics: Evaluating Results: The Chi-Square Test -- 3.6.Mendelian Inheritance in Humans -- Segregation and independent assortment occur with human traits -- Pedigree construction is an important tool in human genetics -- 3.7.Variations on a Theme by Mendel -- Incomplete dominance has a distinctive phenotype in heterozygotes -- Codominant alleles are fully expressed in heterozygotes -- Many genes have more than two alleles -- Genes can interact to produce phenotypes -- 4.Pedigree Analysis in Human Genetics -- 4.1.Pedigree Analysis is a Basic Method in Human Genetics -- There are five basic patterns of Mendelian inheritance -- Analyzing a pedigree -- 4.2.Autosomal Recessive Traits -- Cystic fibrosis is an autosomal recessive trait -- Exploring Genetics: Was Noah and Albino? --
Contents note continued: There are problems with single-gene models for behavioral traits -- 18.5.The Genetics of Schizopherenia and Bipolar Disorder -- Genetic models for schizophrenia and bipolar disorders -- Genomic approaches to schizophrenia and bipolar disorder -- 18.6.Genetics and Social Behavior -- Alzheimer disease is a complex disorder -- Genomic approaches in AD -- Alcoholism has several components -- 18.7.Summing Up: The Current Status of Human Behavior Genetics -- 19.Population Genetics and Human Evolution -- 19.1.How Can We Measure Allele Frequencies in Populations? -- We can use the Hardy-Weinberg law to calculate allele and genotype frequencies -- Spotlight on... Selective Breeding Gone Bad -- Populations can be in genetic equilibrium -- 19.2.Using the Hardy-Weinberg Law in Human Genetics -- The Hardy-Weinberg law can be used to calculate the frequency of alleles and genotypes -- Heterozygotes for many genetic disorders are common in the population --
Contents note continued: We can study multifactorial traits such as obesity using twins and family studies -- Spotlight on ... Leptin and Female Athletes -- What are some genetic clues to obesity? -- Animal models of obesity -- Scanning the genome for obesity-related genes -- 5.7.Genetics of Height: A Closer Look -- Haplotypes and genome-wide association studies -- Genes for human height: what have we leamed so far? -- 5.8.Skin Color and IQ are Complex Traits -- Skin color is a multifactorial trait -- Intelligence and intelligence quotient (IQ): are they related? -- IQ values are heritable traits -- What is the controversy about IQ and race? -- Spotlight on ... Building a Smarter Mouse -- Scientists are searching for genes that control intelligence -- 6.Cytogenetics: Karyotypes and Chromosome Aberrations -- 6.1.The Human Chromosome Set -- 6.2.Making a Karyotype -- 6.3.Constructing and Analyzing Karyotypes -- What cells are obtained for chromosome studies? --
Machine generated contents note: 1.A Perspective on Human Genetics -- 1.1.Genetics is the Key to Biology -- 1.2.What are Genes and How Do They Work? -- Exploring Genetics: Genetic Disorders in Culture and Art -- 1.3.How Are Genes Transmitted from Parents to Offspring? -- 1.4.How Do Scientists Study Genes? -- Some Basic methods in genetics -- Genetics is used in basic and applied research -- 1.5.Has Genetics Affected Social policy and Law? -- The misuse of genetics has affected social policy -- Eugenics was used to pass restrictive immigration laws in the United States -- Eugenics was used to restrict reproductive rights -- Exploring Genetics: Genetics, Eugenics, and Nazi Germany -- The decline of eugenics in the United States began with the rise of the Nazi movement -- Spotlight on ... Eugenic Sterilization -- 1.6.What Impact is Genomics Having? -- Identifying and using genetic variation in genomics -- Health care uses genetic testing and genome scanning --
Notes Previous ed.: 2008
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Subject Heredity, Human.
Human genetics.
LC no. 2010922222
ISBN 053849882X
0840053185 (paperback)
9780840053183 (paperback)