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Book Cover
Author Forker, Diana, author

Title A grammar of Sanzhi Dargwa / Diana Forker. Volume 2
Published Berlin : Language Science Press, 2020


Description 1 online resource
Series Languages of the Caucasus
Languages of the Caucasus
Contents Acknowledgments -- Spelling conventions -- Glosses and other abbreviations -- 1 Introduction -- I Phonology -- 2 Phonology -- II Nominal categegories -- 3 Nouns -- 4 Pronouns -- 5 Adjectives -- 6 Numerals -- 7 Adverbs -- 8 Postpositions -- 9 Predicative particles and other particles, conjunctions, and cross-categorical suffixes -- 10 Place names and microtoponyms -- III Verbal morphology -- 11 General remarks on verbal morphology -- 12 Verb formation -- 13 Indicative synthetic verb forms -- 14 Analytic verb forms -- 15 Periphrastic verb forms -- 16 The copula and other auxiliaries -- 17 Non-indicative verb forms -- 18 Non-finite verb forms -- IV Syntax -- 19 Valency classes and modification of valency patterns -- 20 Agreement -- 21 Noun phrases and postpositional phrases -- 22 Simple clauses including copula clauses and grammatical relations -- 23 Relative clauses -- 24 Complementation -- 25 Syntactic properties of adverbial and conditional clauses -- 26 Coordination -- 27 Constituent order and information structure -- 28 Interrogative clauses -- 29 Reflexive and reciprocal constructions -- 30 Minor constructions -- Appendix A: List of affixes and enclitics -- References -- Index
Summary Sanzhi Dargwa belongs to the Dargwa (Dargi) languages (ISO dar; Glottocode sanz1248) which form a subgroup of the East Caucasian (Nakh-Dagestanian) language family. Sanzhi Dargwa is spoken by approximately 250 speakers and is severely endangered. This book is the first comprehensive descriptive grammar of Sanzhi, written from a typological perspective. It treats all major levels of grammar (phonology, morphology, syntax) and also information structure. Sanzhi Dargwa is structurally similar to other East Caucasian languages, in particular Dargwa languages. It has a relatively large consonant inventory including pharyngeal and ejective consonants. Sanzhi morphology is concatenative and mainly suffixing. The language exhibits a mixture of dependent-marking in the form of a rich case inventory and head-marking in the form of verbal agreement. Nouns are divided into three genders. Verbal inflection conflates tense/aspect/mood/evidentiality in a rich array of synthetic and analytic verb forms as well as participles, converbs, a masdar (verbal noun), and infinitive and some other forms used in analytic tenses and subordinate clauses. Salient traits of the grammar are two independently operating agreement systems: gender/number agreement and person agreement. Within the nominal domain, modifiers agree with the head nominal in gender/number. Agreement within the clausal domain is mainly controlled by the argument in the absolutive case. Person agreement operates only at the clausal level and according to the person hierarchy 1, 2 > 3. Sanzhi has ergative alignment in the form of gender/number agreement and ergative case marking. The most frequent word order at the clause level is SOV, though all other logically possible word orders are also attested. In subordinate clauses, word order is almost exclusively head-final
Subject Dargwa language -- Grammar
Language Arts & Disciplines / Linguistics.
Language arts
Form Electronic book
ISBN 3961101965