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Book Cover
Author Malzahn, Melanie.

Title The Tocharian verbal system / by Melanie Malzahn
Published Leiden [the Netherlands] ; Boston : Brill, 2010


Description 1 online resource (xxviii, 1063 pages)
Series Brill's Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics ; v. 3
Brill's studies in Indo-European languages & linguistics ; v. 3.
Contents Acknowledgments; Preface; Abbreviations and Conventions for Quotations; Chapter One Basic Remarks about the Phonological System and Sound Laws; 1.1. The Essential Outcomes of PIE Syllabics and Laryngeals; 1.2. The Essential Outcomes of the other PIE Non-Syllabics; 1.3. The Tocharian B Accent; 1.3.1. The verbal accent in forms with attached clitic pronouns; 1.4. Vowel Balance and Related Phenomena in Tocharian A; 1.5. a-Umlaut; 1.6. Umlaut Leading to TA/TB o; 1.7. Further Aspects of Palatalization; 1.8. Gemination; 1.8.1. Word-internal gemination at strong morpheme boundaries
1.8.2. Gemination at word boundariesChapter Two General Introduction into the Tocharian Verbal System; 2.1. The Grammatical Categories of the Tocharian Verb; 2.2. Grundverb and Kausativum; 2.3. A-Character vs. Non-A-Character; 2.4. Ablaut; Chapter Three The Verbal Endings; 3.1. The PIE Verbal Endings; 3.2. The Endings of the Present and Subjunctive Stems; 3.2.1. Active; 3.2.2. Middle; 3.3. The Endings of the Preterit(/Imperfect) Stems; 3.3.1. Active; 3.3.2. Middle; 3.4. The Endings of the Imperative Stems; 3.4.1. Active; 3.4.2. Middle; 3.5. The Dual Endings; 3.6. The Non-finite Forms
3.6.1. Gerundive3.6.2. Privative; 3.6.3. Infinitive; Chapter Four Valency; 4.1. Grundverb, Antigrundverb, and Kausativum; 4.1.1. Kausativum I; 4.1.2. Kausativum II; 4.1.3. Kausativum III; 4.1.4. Kausativum IV; 4.2. Valency; 4.3. Causativity, Voice, and Valency in PIE; 4.4. Tocharian Causatives (the Kausativum); 4.4.1. A peculiar case of kausativum formation (katk(a)- ); 4.4.2. Translations of Sanskrit causatives and the periphrastic construction with yam-; 4.5. Another Kind of Valency Change by Stem Alternation (the Antigrundverb); 4.5.1. The antigrundverb
4.6. Two Morphonological Traits Found With Kausativa4.6.1. The initial accent in Tocharian B; 4.6.2. Initial palatalization; 4.7. Valency and Voice; 4.7.1. Intransitive verbs and voice; 4.7.2. Simple voice alternation denoting valency alternation; 4.8. Double Marking of Valency Alternation by Voice and Stem Formation; 4.9. Valency Change without Voice or Stem Marking; 4.9.1. iya- 'go, travel', 'lead, cause to go' (itr/tr); 4.9.2. ABkatk(a) 'cross, pass' (tr/itr); 4.9.3. Basically transitive media tantum acting as reflexive middles
4.10. Formations Independent of the Basic Valency of the Stem?4.10.1. The imperative; 4.10.2. The infinitive; 4.10.3. Figura etymologica; 4.10.4. Directional obliquus with verbs of motion; 4.11. Kausativum III; Chapter Five Voice; 5.1. The PIE Middle; 5.2. The Tocharian Middle; 5.2.1. Activa tantum and media tantum; 5.2.2. Transitive middle vs. intransitive active; 5.2.3. Interference of anticausative middle and other middle functions; 5.2.4. Middle variants of active forms without detectable function; Chapter Six The Root Preterit -- Class 0; Chapter Seven The a-Preterit -- Class I
Summary This book presents a synchronic and diachronic study of the verbal system of the two Tocharian languages together with an index listing attested verbal forms and offering semantic and etymological information. The material is based on philological evaluation and incorporates hitherto unpublished texts
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 1001-1046) and indexes
Notes Print version record
Subject Tokharian language -- Phonology
Proto-Indo-European language -- Phonology
Proto-Indo-European language -- Phonology
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9789004188440