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Author Aleksandrov, Nikolay

Title Optimal oil production and the world supply of oil / prepared by Nikolay Aleksandrov, Raphael Espinoza, and Lajos Gyurkó
Published [Washington, D.C.] : International Monetary Fund, ©2012


Description 1 online resource (31 pages)
Series IMF working paper ; WP/12/294
IMF working paper ; WP/12/294.
Contents Cover; Contents; I. Introduction; II. Related Literature; A. Optimal Oil Production; B. Numerical Solutions for Real Options; III. Model Formulation and Numerical Solution; A. Model Formulation; B. Numerical Solution; IV. Oil Price and Extraction Costs Models; Tables; 1. Parameters of the Oil Price Process (OLS on Yearly Data for the Period 1957-2008); 2. Parameters of the Schwartz-Smith (2000) Price Process Estimated on Futures Data; 3. Annualized Parameters of the Extraction Cost Process (OLS on quarterly Data for the Period 1999-Q1 to 2009-Q1; V. Learning the Size of Reserves
VI. ApplicationVII. Results; 4. Model for Proven Reserves (Standard Errors in Parentheses; 5. Oil Production Capacity; 6. Added Value by Expanded Capacity; 7. Added Value by Expanded Capacity and Increased Access to Reserve; VIII. Limitations of the Model; IX. Determinants of Production Policies during the 2008-2009 Crisis; 8. Determinants of Cuts in Production During the Crisis of 2008-2009; X. Concluding Remarks and the World Supply of Oil; References; Figures; 1. Standard Deviation of Change in Reserves; 2. Optimal Extration-Brazil and U.A.E; 3. Sensitivity to Key Parameters
4. Sensitivity to Key Parameters5. Determinants of the Cut in Oil Production During the Crisis of 2008-2009; 6. World Oil Market
Summary We study the optimal oil extraction strategy and the value of an oil field using a multiple real option approach. The numerical method is flexible enough to solve a model with several state variables, to discuss the effect of risk aversion, and to take into account uncertainty in the size of reserves. Optimal extraction in the baseline model is found to be volatile. If the oil producer is risk averse, production is more stable, but spare capacity is much higher than what is typically observed. We show that decisions are very sensitive to expectations on the equilibrium oil price using a mean reverting model of the oil price where the equilibrium price is also a random variable. Oil production was cut during the 2008-2009 crisis, and we find that the cut in production was larger for OPEC, for countries facing a lower discount rate, as predicted by the model, and for countries whose governments' finances are less dependent on oil revenues. However, the net present value of a country's oil reserves would be increased significantly (by 100 percent, in the most extreme case) if production was cut completely when prices fall below the country's threshold price. If several producers were to adopt such strategies, world oil prices would be higher but more stable
Notes Title from PDF title page (IMF Web site, viewed Dec. 18, 2012)
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes "Research Department."
"December 2012."
Subject Petroleum -- Prospecting -- Economic aspects
Petroleum products -- Prices -- Econometric models
Petroleum reserves -- Econometric models
Petroleum products -- Prices -- Econometric models
Petroleum -- Prospecting -- Economic aspects
Form Electronic book
Author Espinoza, Raphael A
Gyurkó, Lajos
International Monetary Fund. Research Department.
ISBN 9781616359744