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Title Bioethics, medicine, and the criminal law : the criminal law and bioethical conflict : walking the tightrope / edited by Amel Alghrani, Rebecca Bennett, and Suzanne Ost
Published Cambridge [UK] ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2012
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Description 1 online resource
Series Cambridge bioethics and law
Cambridge bioethics and law.
Contents Cover -- Bioethics, Medicine and the Criminal Law Volume 1 -- Cambridge Bioethics and Law -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Contributors -- Foreword -- Acknowledgements -- 1 Introduction: When criminal law encounters bioethics: a case of tensions and incompatibilities or an apt forum for resolving ethical conflict? -- Part I: Death, dying and the criminal law -- Part II: Freedom and autonomy: when consent is not enough -- Part III: Criminalising biomedical science -- Part IV: Bioethics and criminal law in the dock -- Themes and connections -- Part I: Death, dying and the criminal law -- 2 Euthanasia and assisted suicide should, when properly performed by a doctor in an appropriate case, be decriminalised -- Introduction -- The medical context -- 'Decriminalisatioń and ̀legalisatioń -- Three scenarios of dying and their dangers -- Scenario 1 -- Scenario 2 -- Scenario 3 -- The argument for decriminalisation -- The argument for legalisation of euthanasia -- The limitation to 'an appropriate case' -- Conclusions -- 3 Five flawed arguments for decriminalising euthanasia -- Introduction -- Hypocrisy of the criminal law -- Autonomy, VAE and NVAE -- The failure of the criminal law -- Lessons from Dutch criminal law and medical practice -- VAE for the ̀non-vulnerablé -- Conclusions -- 4 Euthanasia excused: between prohibition and permission -- Introduction -- Euthanasia: permitted or prohibited? -- In that case -- To prohibit or permit? -- Euthanasia: excused -- Why (not) compromise? -- When to compromise -- How to compromise -- How to compromise on euthanasia -- Conclusion -- Part II: Freedom and autonomy: when consent is not enough -- 5 Body Integrity Identity Disorder: a problem of perception? -- Introduction -- What is BIID? -- Features of BIID (amputee form) -- Aetiology
9 Bioethical conflict and developing biotechnologies: is protecting individual and public health from the risks of xenotransplantation a matter for the (criminal) law? -- Introduction -- An overview of the risks -- Xeno-surveillance -- Compliance -- Securing compliance -- Civil law -- contract -- Criminal law -- Conclusion: a new xenotransplantation statute -- 10 The criminal law and enhancement: none of the laẃs business? -- Introduction -- The drugs -- The law -- Regulatory reform and strategy -- Access -- Monitoring -- Conclusion -- 11 Dignity as a socially constructed value -- Introduction -- Foundations for human dignity -- Dignity as a socially constructed value -- Conclusion -- Part IV: Bioethics and criminal law in the dock -- 12 Can English law accommodate moral controversy in medicine? Lessons from abortion -- Introduction -- The role of the criminal law -- Abortion: a muddled history -- Science and certainty -- The private domain? -- Inconclusive conclusions -- 13 The case for decriminalising abortion in Northern Ireland -- Introduction -- The consequences of criminalisation: abortion in Northern Ireland -- Can law offer solutions? -- What now? -- Framing arguments for decriminalisation -- Conclusion -- 14: The impact of the loss of deference towards the medical profession -- Introduction -- The existence of deference in the civil courts -- Deference in the criminal sphere -- More recent cases in the criminal sphere -- The loss of deference -- Conclusion: the Human Tissue Act 2004 -- a blueprint for the future? -- 15 Criminalising medical negligence -- Introduction -- 'Bad doctors' -- A note on criminalisation -- A note on gross negligence -- Bolam and special treatment -- Why are doctors different? -- Level of blameworthiness -- Fairness and liability -- Conclusion -- 16 All to the good? Criminality, politics, and public health
Introduction -- Public health: politics in a field without boundaries -- Public health policy and criminal regulation -- Public health, social responsibility, and health as the highest law -- Conclusions -- 17 Moral controversy, human rights and the common law judge -- Index
Is it ever ethically and legally acceptable to amputate the healthy limb of someone with BIID? -- The duty not to harm and the principle of respect for individual autonomy -- Consent -- Justice -- Legal issues -- The future -- Conclusions -- 6 Risky sex and ̀manly diversionsþ: contours of consent in HIV transmission and rough horseplay cases -- Introduction -- Ascertaining a victimþs consent: when is it presumptuous to presume? -- Consent to grievous bodily harm inflicted through 'rough and undisciplined horseplay' -- Consent in cases of reckless transmission of HIV through sexual intercourse -- Three types of risky behaviour, three legal regimes: horseplay, HIV and 'vigorous' sex -- Consent, gender and precedent: a historical view -- Conclusion -- 7 'Consensual' sexual activity between doctors and patients: a matter for the criminal law? -- Introduction -- Breaching sexual boundaries in the doctor-patient relationship -- Can sexual activity between doctor and patient ever be truly consensual? -- Sexual exploitation in the doctor-patient relationship and the limits of the criminal law -- Conclusion -- Part III: Criminalising biomedical science -- 8 'Scientists in the dock': regulating science -- Introduction -- Regulating science: how and by whom? -- Scientific responsibility: moral code, code of conduct? -- Self-regulation: is it sufficient? -- How does the law currently regulate science? -- Research involving reproductive biomaterials -- Criminal sanctions and the HFE Act -- Research involving human tissue and organs -- Criminal sanctions in the Human Tissue Act 2004 -- Is criminal law appropriate? -- Criminal law as moral dictum -- Hindering scientific progress -- Discouraging research -- Legal regulation and scientific freedom -- Conclusions: moral controversy and criminal law -- a symbolic role?
Summary "Who should define what constitutes ethical and lawful medical practice? Judges? Doctors? Scientists? Or someone else entirely? This volume analyses how effectively criminal law operates as a forum for resolving ethical conflict in the delivery of health care. It addresses key questions such as: how does criminal law regulate controversial bioethical areas? What effect, positive or negative, does the use of criminal law have when regulating bioethical conflict? And can the law accommodate moral controversy? By exploring criminal law in theory and in practice and examining the broad field of bioethics as opposed to the narrower terrain of medical ethics, it offers balanced arguments that will help readers form reasoned views on the ethical legitimacy of the invocation and use of criminal law to regulate medical and scientific practice and bioethical issues"-- Provided by publisher
Notes Print version record
Subject Bioethics.
Biotechnology -- Law and legislation -- Criminal provisions.
Genetic engineering -- Law and legislation -- Criminal provisions.
Medical genetics -- Law and legislation -- Criminal provisions.
Form Electronic book
Author Alghrani, Amel, editor
Bennett, Rebecca, 1969- editor
Ost, Suzanne, editor
ISBN 1139177389 (electronic bk.)
1139776819 (electronic bk.)
9781139177382 (electronic bk.)
9781139776813 (electronic bk.)