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Book Cover
Author Dion-Schwarz, Cynthia, author.

Title Technological lessons from the Fukushima Dai-Ichi Accident / Cynthia Dion-Schwarz, Sarah Evans, Edward Geist, Scott Warren Harold, V. Ray Koym, Scott Savitz, Lloyd Thrall
Published Santa Monica, Calif. : RAND, [2016]


Description 1 online resource (xxiii, 78 pages)
Series Research report ; RR-857-OSD
Research report (Rand Corporation) ; RR-857-OSD.
Contents Preface-- Summary -- Acknowledgments -- Abbreviations -- 1. Introduction: The Events Leading to the Contamination -- Motivation -- Organization of This Report -- 2. Characterizing the Extent of Contamination: The Fukushima Experience with Characterizing the Extent of Contamination -- Potential Solutions -- Chapter Findings -- . 3. Preventing Radiation Damage and Further Dispersion of Material: The Problem of Radiation Suits and Collective Protection -- The Problem of Personal Dosimetry -- The Problem of Medical and Genetic Aspects of Radiation Health Effects -- The Problem of Agriculture, Food, and Drinking Water -- The Problem of Containing Contaminated Materials to Prevent Further Dispersion -- Chapter Findings -- 4. Decontamination and Collection of Radioactive Material: Physical Methods of Decontamination -- Chemical Methods of Decontamination -- Decontamination of Water -- Biological Methods of Decontamination -- The Fukushima Experience -- Potential Solutions to the Decontamination Problem -- Chapter Findings -- 5. Disposing of Contaminated Materials: Chapter Findings -- 6. Robotics Issues: Chapter Findings -- . 7. Earlier Lessons from the Chernobyl Experience: The Chernobyl Experience with Characterizing the Extent of Contamination -- The Chernobyl Experience with Decontamination -- The Chernobyl Experience with in Situ Containment of Radioactive Contamination -- Chapter Findings -- . 8. Conclusions and Recommendations -- References -- For Further Reading
1. Introduction -- 2. Characterizing the extent of contamination -- . 3. Preventing radiation damage and further dispersion of material -- 4. Decontamination and collection of radioactive material -- 5. Disposing of contaminated materials -- 6. Robotics issues -- . 7. Earlier lessons from the Chernobyl experience -- . 8. Conclusions and recommendations
Summary "Following the devastating Tohoku earthquake and tsunami that afflicted Japan in March 2011, some of the reactors of the Fukushima Dai-Ichi nuclear power plant began to release radioactive material into the environment. This study draws lessons from this experience regarding technological countermeasures to radioactive contamination to improve responses to future radiological or nuclear contingencies. Specifically, it focuses on how technologies were used to measure contamination over space and time, to limit the dispersal of radioactive material in the environment, to decontaminate areas or items, and to store radioactive materials for extended periods. The authors gathered data by conducting extensive literature reviews and dozens of interviews with experts in both Japan and the United States. The report analyzes how technologies were used successfully and identifies capability gaps that could be redressed through novel technologies or improved use of existing technologies. Also included is an abbreviated bibliography for further reading"--Publisher's description
Notes "June 1, 2016"--Table of contents page
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 55-78)
Notes Online resource; title from PDF title page (RAND, viewed June 2, 2016)
Subject Fukushima Nuclear Disaster, Japan, 2011.
Emergency management -- Technological innovations -- Japan
Nuclear power plants -- Accidents -- Japan -- Fukushima-ken
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Disasters & Disaster Relief
Nuclear power plants -- Accidents.
Japan -- Fukushima-ken.
Form Electronic book
Author National Defense Research Institute (U.S.), publisher, issuing body.
ISBN 9780833095756