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Title The foreign fighters phenomenon in the European Union : profiles, threats & policies / editors: Bibi van Ginkel, Eva Entenmann ; authors: Bérénice Boutin, Grégory Chauzal, Jessica Dorsey, Marjolein Jegerings, Christophe Paulussen, Johanna Pohl, Alastair Reed, Sofia Zavagli
Published The Hague : ICCT, International Centre for Counter-Terrorism, [2016]


Description 1 online resource (1 volume (various pagings)) : color illustrations
Series ICCT research paper, 2464-0656
ICCT research paper.
Contents Executive Summary -- Preface -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The EU Level: Threat Analysis & Developments -- 3. Member States: Threat Analysis & Developments -- 4. Analysis -- 5. Observations -- 6. Policy Options -- About the Authors -- Annex 1. Methodology -- Annex 2. ICCT Questionnaire -- Annex 3. Additional Information on EU Member States (in alphabetical order) -- Annex 4. Threat Assessments in EU Member States -- Annex 5. List of Abbreviations -- Annex 6. Relevant Sources
Summary "In the summer of 2012, first reports emerged of so-called "foreign fighters" (FF) leaving their home and residence countries to join the Syrian uprising against the Assad regime. Since then, the number of these "travellers" to the Syrian, and more recently, Iraqi battlefields has grown significantly: From September 2014 to September 2015 alone, the number of FF reportedly doubled and reached 30,000 combatants coming from 104 countries. Experts and government officials have increasingly warned of the potential security threat this phenomenon might also pose to Europe and beyond. On the occasion of the Netherlands' presidency of the Council of the European Union (EU) in the first half of 2016, the Netherlands National Coordinator for Security and Counterterrorism (NCTV) commissioned the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism--The Hague (ICCT) to report on the FF phenomenon in the EU. Specifically, this report aims to map the phenomenon and facts surrounding FF in the context of the conflicts in Syria and/or Iraq, as well as the threat assessments and policy responses both at the EU level and within individual EU Member States (MS). As such, this document is not an evaluation of policies, but rather is a charting of the FF situation and responses within the Union. Utilising data received directly by MS in response to a questionnaire, as well as other public material, ICCT gathered information on the number of FF, their characteristics, MS' threat assessments, and the policies adopted in response to the phenomenon. Supplemented by open-source data and information from expert consultations, this report provides a close look at the FF phenomenon and responses in a total of 26 MS. Nine countries were selected to be analysed in-depth, representing a mixture of transit and sending countries from across the EU, including MS with the highest absolute and per capita numbers of FF. These nine focus countries are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom. Additionally, the report also examines developments at the EU level in response to the FF phenomenon."--Page 3
Notes At head of title: ICCT, International Centre for Counter-Terrorism, The Hague
"April 2016."
"Prepared for the Netherlands National Coordinator for Security and Counterterrorism on the occasion of the Dutch Presidency of the Council of the European Union."
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (Annex 6)
Notes Online resource; title from PDF caption. (International Centre for Counter-Terrorism, viewed April 1, 2016)
Subject Terrorism -- European Union countries -- Prevention
National security -- European Union countries
Iraq War, 2003-2011.
National security.
Terrorism -- Prevention.
Syria -- History -- Civil War, 2011-
European Union countries.
Genre/Form History.
Form Electronic book
Author Ginkel, Bibi van, editor.
Entenmann, Eva, editor.
Boutin, Bérénice, author.
Chauzal, Grégory. author.
International Centre for Counter-Terrorism, author, issuing body.
Netherlands. Nationaal Coödinator Terrorismebestrijding en Veiligheid, addressee.