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Book Cover
Author (OECD), Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

Title Diffuse Pollution, Degraded Waters
Published Ashland : IWA Publishing, 2017


Description 1 online resource (120 pages)
Series OECD Studies on Water
OECD studies on water.
Contents Cover; Copyright; Foreword; Acknowledgements; Table of contents; Acronyms and abbreviations; Executive summary; Chapter 1: The water quality challenge; Key messages; An introduction to water quality and its impact on the environment and society; A typology for water pollution: sources, types and pathways; Characteristics and determinants of water quality; An overview of the main pollutants; Negative feedbacks on water quality; Links between water quality and water quantity; Ongoing challenges of diffuse pollution sources and eutrophication in OECD countries; Water quality and climate change
Water quality challenges for cities of OECD countriesNotes; References; Annex 1.A1: An overview of the main water pollutants in OECD countries; Excess nutrient losses; Microbial contamination; Acidification; Salinity; Sedimentation and organic materials; Toxic contaminants; Thermal pollution; Plastic particle pollution; Contaminants of emerging concern; Other factors that contribute to degradation of water quality; Notes; References; Chapter 2: Economic costs and policy approaches to control diffuse source water pollution; Key messages; The economic case for water quality management
Water quality risksMarket failure and water pollution; Economic valuation of ecosystems and water quality; The cost of water pollution and management options; Water pollution control mechanisms in OECD countries; Determining who pays for pollution abatement and water quality improvements; The need for policy coherence; The potential effects of climate change mitigation and adaptation policies on water quality; Note; References; Chapter 3: Emerging policy instruments for the control of diffuse source water pollution; Key messages; Introduction; Regulatory approaches
Regulating diffuse pollution outputsCase study: The Total Maximum Daily Load Management System, Korea; Allocating diffuse pollution allowances within a cap; Case study: The natural capital approach to allocating diffuse nitrogen pollution, Manawatu-Wanganui, New Zealand; Economic instruments; Pollution charges and taxes; Water quality trading; Case study: Lessons learnt from water quality trading, Chesapeake Bay, United States; Case study: The Lake Taupō nitrogen market, New Zealand; Payment for ecosystems services; Financing mechanisms; Two case studies are presented
Case study: State revolving funds for water quality protection, United StatesCase study: A public-private approach to delivering the Thames Tideway Tunnel, United Kingdom; A collective management approach to water quality management; Case study: A collaborative governance model: The Canterbury Water Management Strategy, New Zealand; Notes; References; Chapter 4: A policy framework for diffuse source water pollution management; Key messages; A policy framework for diffuse source water pollution management; Political ambition; Know diffuse pollution risks; Target diffuse pollution risks
Notes Policy principles to guide decision-making
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references at the end of each chapters
Notes Print version record
Subject Water -- Pollution.
Water quality management.
water quality management.
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING -- Environmental -- General.
Water -- Pollution.
Water quality management.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 178040879X