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Author Chua, Hui Tong, author

Title Low grade heat driven multi-effect distillation and desalination / Bijan Rahimi, Hui Tong Chua
Published Amsterdam, Netherlands : Elsevier, [2017]


Description 1 online resource
Contents Front Cover; Low Grade Heat Driven Multi-Effect Distillation and Desalination; Low Grade Heat Driven Multi-Effect Distillation and Desalination; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; Biography; Preface; 1 -- Introduction to Desalination; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 A Brief History of Desalination; 1.3 Desalination Technologies; 1.3.1 Processes With Phase Change; Multi-Stage Flash; Multi-Effect Distillation or Evaporation; Vapor Compression Distillation; 1.3.2 Processes Without Phase Change; 1.4 Energy Consumption and Environmental Impacts of Desalination Processes; References
2 -- Low Grade Sensible Heat-Driven Distillation2.1 Introduction to Low Grade Sensible Heat Sources; 2.2 Conventional Multi-Effect Distillation Process; 2.3 Preheated Multi-Effect Distillation Process; 2.4 Boosted Multi-Effect Distillation Process; 2.5 Flash-Boosted Multi-Effect Distillation Process; References; 3 -- Boosted Multi-Effect Distillation Pilot Plant; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Pilot Plant and Instrumentation; 3.3 Process Simulation and Validation; 3.4 Test Results; 3.4.1 Start-Up; 3.4.2 Product Quality; 3.4.3 Effect of Heat Source and Cooling Water Temperatures
3.4.4 Effect of Feed Water Salinity3.4.5 Potential of Boosting; 3.5 Conclusion; References; 4 -- Mathematical Simulation; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Mathematical Simulation Method; 4.2.1 Conventional Multi-Effect Distillation Process; First Effect; Energy Balance; Temperature-Energy Profile and UA Value; Second Effect to the Last Effect; Energy Balance; Temperature-Energy Profile and UA Value; Condenser; Energy Balance; Temperature-Energy Profile and UA Value; 4.2.2 Preheated Multi-Effect Distillation Process
4.2.3 Boosted Multi-Effect Distillation Process4.2.3.1 Primary Multi-Effect Distillation Section; Energy Balance for the Injected Effect; Temperature-Energy Profile and UA Value for the Injected Effect; Booster; 4.2.4 Flash-Boosted Multi-Effect Distillation Process; Primary Multi-Effect Distillation Section; Injected Effects; Energy Balance for the Injected Effects; Temperature-Energy Profile and UA Value for the Injected Effects; Condenser; Energy Balance Temperature-Energy Profile and UA Value4.2.4.2 Flashing Section; Brine Heater; Battery of Flashing Chambers; Brine Recirculation Process; Deaerator; 4.2.5 Overall Mass, Salinity, and Energy Balances; Conventional Multi-Effect Distillation Process; Preheated Multi-Effect Distillation Process; Boosted Multi-Effect Distillation Process; Flash-Boosted Multi-Effect Distillation Process; 4.2.6 Solving Procedure; References; 5 -- Pumping Power Analysis; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Pressure Drops in Desalination Plants
Summary Low Grade Heat Driven Multi-effect Distillation and Desalination describes the development of advanced multi-effect evaporation technologies that are driven by low grade sensible heat, including process waste heat in refineries, heat rejection from diesel generators or microturbines, and solar and geothermal energy. The technologies discussed can be applied to desalination in remote areas, purifying produced water in oil-and-gas industries, and to re-concentrate process liquor in refineries. This book is ideal for researchers, engineering scientists, graduate students, and industrial practitioners working in the desalination, petrochemical, and mineral refining sectors, helping them further understand the technologies and opportunities that relate to their respective industries. For researchers and graduate students, the core enabling ideas in the book will provide insights and open up new horizons in thermal engineering
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Online resource, title from PDF title page (EBSCO, viewed March 7, 2017)
Subject Seawater -- Distillation.
Saline water conversion.
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING -- Environmental -- General.
Saline water conversion
Seawater -- Distillation
Form Electronic book
Author Rahimi, Bijan, author
ISBN 9780128052709